Grade I injuries involve a straining the muscle fibres without tearing the muscle, such as tendinitis, which is inflammation of the tendons of the rotator cuff muscles as a result of repetitive minor injury, or overuse (3). Grade II injuries involve a partial tear of a muscle, which damages the tissue but does not result in a complete separation of the muscle (5). Grade III injuries are full width tears which separates the muscle into two parts (5). Because the three of the four muscles share a common attachment point, if one muscle is injured, the rotator cuff won’t be able to function properly. Causes Rotator cuff tears are often caused by normal activity (5).
The tearing of an achilles can be really painful. The tendon will remain thicker than normal after complete healing (Rolf 72). Calf muscle strength should be similar to the other side (72). Objective tests with resisted toe raise are strongly suggested before resuming
The band of tissue that connects your calf muscles to your heel bone is used when walking, running, pushing or jumping upwards with your foot. Age is another cause of this condition. Achilles tendon weakens with age, making the tendon more vulnerable to injury. Weekend sports or increasing particular sports intensity may cause or make this condition worse. A list of possible causes of Achilles tendinitis: Flat Arches.
A groin pull is an injury to the muscles of the inner thigh. The groin muscles, called the adductor muscle group, consists of six muscles that span the distance from the inner pelvis to the inner part of the femur (thigh bone). These muscles pull the legs together, and help with other movements of the hip-joint. The adductor muscles are important to many types of athletes including sprinters, swimmers, soccer players, and football players. A groin pull is an injury to the adductor muscles called a muscle strain.
Before discussing an injury to a ligament in the knee, it is helpful to know the anatomy of the knee. The knee joint is made up of four bones. These include the femur (with a lateral and medial femoral condyle at the distal end), the patella, the tibia, and the fibula. There are also four ligaments in the knee. These include the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL), the posterior cruciate ligament (PCL), the lateral collateral ligament (LCL), and the medial collateral ligament (MCL).
For the other procedure, the anterior hip replacement, a surgeon would have to maneuver between the muscle to gain access to the hip joint through the front part of the hip (Kruse). The main difference between the two approaches is how the surgeon opens the body to reach the hip. While this may seem like a small difference in performance, there are still many controversy among the medical professionals about which technique is the best. The risks, complications, and other factors, associated
“The ACL is one of the four major ligaments that works to stabilize and support the knee. The ACL is “behind the patella and connects the Femur to the tibia,” (McDaniel). It prevents the tibia from moving too far forward on the femur and it limits the rotational movement of the knee,”(“Why do Females”). Basically the ACL is a stabilizer of the knee (McDaniel). An ACL injury happens when the ligament has been overstretched or when when it is torn.
One of the most common knee injuries is an anterior cruciate ligament sprain or tear. Most athletes who participate in high active athletic activities and high demand sports, like rugby, baseball, and golf, are more likely to injure their anterior cruciate ligament. An anterior cruciate ligament injury is the over-stretching or tearing of the anterior cruciate ligament ACL in the knee. A tear could be small, or it could be very large in the amount of tearing in the ACL. Three bones meet to form your knee joint, your femur, the shinbone or the tibia, and the patella.
Minor Brachial plexus injury can lead to transient sensory impairment on the medial side of the upper limb. The more severe affection of the upper roots can (C5, C6) classically leads to Erb’s palsy syndrome (Waiter’s tip hand). The injury of the lower roots (C8 and T1) classically causes Klumpke’s paralysis syndrome (Claw hand) (8, 17). Horner’s syndrome (ipsilateral ptosis, miosis and anhydrosis) may accompany brachial plexus injuries particularly with the injury of (T1) nerve root due to involvement of the nearby cervical chain (17). The radial nerve neuropathy can be manifested by paresthesia in the lateral 3.5 fingers and loss of the function of extensor muscles in the wrist and the figers (wrist drop).
The human body contains numerous bursa sacs located between various tissues and bones. The bursa sacs act as a lubricant to aid in the continuous range of movement in a free manner. When a bursa sac becomes inflamed or irritated, the result is painful bursitis. In the elbow, bursitis can restrict movement as the amount of lubricant increases and swelling occur. The treatment options for elbow bursitis have numerous contributing factors.