Knowledge And Knowledge Management

1148 Words5 Pages
Knowledge, Knowledge management and Knowledge management systems:
A significant amount of literature has been published on topic of knowledge and knowledge management during the last twenty years. According to Oxford Dictionary, “knowledge is the sum of what is known and resides in the intelligence and the competence of people”(Dictionaries, 2010). In 1998, Davenport et al. published a paper in which they described knowledge concept; he said that knowledge is combination of information from different discipline such as sociology, economics, and management science with experience, context, interpretation and reflection of human activites. Alavi and Leidner (2001) define, knowledge is a process to covert raw data into meaningful information and
…show more content…
Davenport (1998, p43) explain, “Knowledge management is the process of capturing, distributing, and effectively using knowledge”. According to Nassuora (2011, p. 31) , knowledge management (KM) is all managerial activities which helps to employee create new knowledge and share this knowledge to other employee for improve organizational and individual performance in an organization. Knowledge management is a process for generating new knowledge; organizing that knowledge systematically and communicating both tacit and explicit knowledge of employees to other employees for improve productivity in their work place(Alavi & Leider, 1999).Koenig (2012) defines. "Knowledge management is a discipline that promotes an integrated approach to identifying, capturing, evaluating, retrieving, and sharing all of an enterprise's information…show more content…
It was originally developed by Davis, Bagozzi and Warshaw (1989) and has been viewed as one of the most influential theory extensions of the Theory of Reasoned Action (TRA)(Ajzen & Fishbein, 1975) . According to theory of reasoned action the authors demonstrated causes of variance behavior of human in specific situation .TRA model ,scholar’s said that individual behavior depends on individual’s behavior intention and behavior intention inspired by individual attitude toward the behavior and subjective norms (Surendran, 2012). Based on the theory of reasoned action (TRA) ,TAM model created two major basic beliefs perceived usefulness (PU) and perceived ease of use (PEOU) for identify the reason of information system acceptance by individual (Taylor & Todd, 1995). Davis (1989, p. 320) noted that Perceived Usefulness(PU) is individual beliefs regarding information system for use or not to use , because people have a tendency to adopt the system easily when they have a perception that information system will help them improve their job performance. Other belief Perceived ease of use denotes to "the degree to which an individual believes that using an information system would be free of effort"(Davis, 1989, p. 320). TAM Model again revise by Szajna (1996) and Venkatesh (2000) TAM 2 and TAM 3(Venkatesh & Bala, 2008) for determine the other

More about Knowledge And Knowledge Management

Open Document