Theory of knowledge is a yield of doubt. When we seriously really know anything at all, we innate lead into test of knowing, in the hope of being capable to discriminate the trustworthy beliefs from such as are untrustworthy. Knowledge is the principal intellectual attainment studies of epistemology. Virtually all theorists agree that true belief is a necessary condition for knowledge and it was once thought that justification, when added to true belief, yield a necessary and sufficient condition for knowledge. All of us have an innate knowledge, concepts, forms, or universals that are an essential and inborn part that compose our mind.
Having introduced his own notion of ideas, and since Berkeley’s famous principle is esse is percipi which means “to be is to be perceived” the author now assumes that since ideas truly do exist, then there should be something that is able to perceive them. This is how our enlightenment philosopher argues for the existence of the mind. First, ideas were introduced and it was affirmed that we experience ideas directly, so ideas do actually exist. And for them to exist they should be received and contained somewhere: in our minds or spirit, which are two interchangeable terms in Berkeley’s
According to an empiricist, knowledge is not onedementnal, but rather determined by many observations that we make over our lifetime. The second question of epistemology, does reason alone provide us with knowledge of the world? Locke answers, “no”.(213). The empiricist believes that reason does not come without experience. There is much dispute over the origin of our ideas.
Our worls, is just an imperfect shadow of the true, unchanged, perfect realm of idea, where true knowledge exists. He felt humanity would only see this world if we stepped out of the darkness of our world of appearance and blind belief (the cave) and into the light of the true world of true knowledge. Plato saw himself as an escaped prisoner who stepped out into the light first to show us the true reality of our world. He thus believed that everything that the senses tell us about cannot be believed. Every tree, apple, table, etc exists in our worls merely as a shadow of the perfect idea that exists in the realm of the
The difference portrayed between concepts achieved through reflection and concepts obtained by inference seems to be misleading whereas the groupings of understanding state experience and so facilitates the unity of consciousness which is necessary to all reflection. The purpose of the Ideas is to systematise experience in its entirety and the function of the classes is to provide possible the sense-perceptions essential aspect of its content. The former is unconditioned and it characterises a type of knowledge to which is not adequate to any actual experience. So the transcendental ideas are the concepts of pure reason which correspond to concepts of understanding categories. In a general sense, Kant uses the word 'Idea ' in Platonic usage.
Such an entity is a being-in-itself; its essence precedes its essence. However, human being do not have a predefined essence. The fact of their existence precedes the development of their characteristics. Thus one arrives at the notion of absolute human freedom to define oneself through choices and actions. This concept is will be discussed further on in Chapter 1.
Aristotle borrowed the notion of a form from Plato. As principle of structure, forms existed for Aristotle only if they actually structured something. Plato also taught that the material things of this world have the natures they have because they “participate” in the Forms, which are principles of structure. Aristotle makes the claim that Platonic ideas are useless for explaining “coming to be,” or how and why things exist (p. 291). He specifically mentions the theory of “forms” which Plato introduced in his text, The Republic.
This school was founded by Edmund Husserl and is based on the premise that our reality consists out of object and events as they are perceived and experienced in human consciousness and not of anything independent of the human consciousness. To put it plainly, is the science of the phenomena and not the science of being. Husserl based is practice on the study of how we, as humans, experience things in which considerations of the objective are not
1.0 VIVEKANANDA PHILOSOPHY IN EDUCATION Knowledge is actually inherited within a person and not from external sources; it is already embedded in the human’s mind. The stimulus from education is the causes that multiply and widen the knowledge. That is why Vivekananda stated that education is actually the manifestation of the perfection already in man (1993: p.55). Manifestation actually means that something already exists and just waiting to be expressed. In other words, it is the order of making inner or hidden ability to be manifested to the best quality.
This process takes place unconsciously. This is the first of the conditions that build to the hypothesis presented in this paper. I argue that if we were asked whether we thought about what we were about to do we would claim we did. This implies our decision is determined by our conscious attention to our actions. This is the position of ‘free will’.