Knowledge In Natural Science

1557 Words7 Pages
What is knowledge? Plato defined knowledge as "justified true belief" . Knowledge, “to know“, is divided in personal knowledge -“I know“- and shared knowledge -“we know“- . The latter is constructed by ideas and thoughts of people working together to reach conclusions . Without a group, a number of people that provide a particular perspective on the world, to verify it, this type of knowledge is not possible. However, there are exceptions where knowledge exists without a group to prove its validity, like new art movements, mathematics and eureka moments in natural sciences, where the role of imagination is vital and the validation from experts unnecessary. This is called personal knowledge, which is the work of a single individual. Therefore,…show more content…
The development in Natural Science does not work in a continuous way but with paradigm shifts. As Thomas Khan stated, these are a “change from one way of thinking to another“ that creates better theories to explain what is really true. . Scientist work on the base of this already existing knowledge and by the scientific method, they try to prove it. This requires a group of scientists to validate it for it to be a theory, “ a valid explanation of a phenomenon“ . Nevertheless, knowledge in Natural Science can be possible without a group as well. The role of imagination is essential. It is needed in Eureka moments, where knowledge is created by a moment of inspiration. The knowledge formed from imagination is later used with reason to construct a theory. The group was not needed to create knowledge as it emerged from the imagination of a man. Then, can we claim that the most important way of knowing to create knowledge is…show more content…
He based new ideas and new knowledge on studies made by others, therefore, basing his truth on what a group already had approved or verify. Before publishing his theory, it also had to pass through peer review to modify ideas from colleagues to improve the theory. Darwin submitted an outline of his theory to the geologist Charles Lyell and the botanist Charles Hooker. They provided critical comments and feedback that enabled Darwin to refine his manuscript. This shows that is necessary for a group to validate someone´s theory as the reason people are willing to spread and accept this knowledge is because we believe that the more experts verify it, the more reliable it
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