Kohlberg's Theory Of Moral Development

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Moral Autonomy is mainly based on the psychology of moral development. The first psychological theory was developed by Jean Piaget. On the basis of Piaget’s theory, Lawrence Kohlberg developed three main levels of moral development which are based on logic and motivation adopted by individuals related to moral questions.

i) The Pre Conventional Level

It is known as self-centered attitude. In this level, right conduct is very important for an individual which directly benefits himself. According to this level, individuals are motivated by their willingness to avoid punishment or by their desire to satisfy their own needs or by the pressure of the power exercised by them. This level is related to the moral development of children and some adults who never want to go beyond a certain limit.

ii) The Conventional Level

This level deals with the respect for conventional rules and authority. As per this level the rules and norms of one’s family or group or society have been accepted as the absolute standard of morality. These conventions are regarded as correct because they correspond to authority. In this level the individuals always wants to satisfy others and tries to meet the expectations of the society and does not care about their self-interest. Loyalty and close recognition with others have been given much priority. No adult tries to go beyond this level.

iii) The Post Conventional Level

This level is said to be attained when an individual recognizes the right and the
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