It is hard to understand why an animal should be used to conduct research which is aimed at finding medicine for the human disease (Singer) . Singer notes that majority of human beings believe that other species are there to make human life comfortable and therefore it is inevitable to use nonhuman to please human. Sussex university philosophers believe that it is through liberty, fraternity, and equality that human will change their attitudes towards animals and consider mistreatment of the animal as a practice which should not happen (Singer). By classifying animal exploitation as illegal, it will be possible to attract the
The other 95% of the animals are left with no protection. Not to mention, there are many alternative testing technologies that exist. For example, synthetic cellular tissue closely resembles skin and can be used for experimenting products, and humans can also be used to test the products. These alternative technologies eliminate the demand for animals. To conclude, animals have the same rights as us, just because these animals are not able to voice them does not mean those rights should be
To demonstrate, U.S. Food and Drud Adninistration found that 92 percent of drugs that followed animal testing was failed to be approved in clinical trials in 2004 (Capaldo, 2014). Animals’ gene is different from human that gave unreliable results by animal testings. For the reason that, animal models can only mimic the extremely complicated process of human, physiology, progression and carcinogenesis to a certain extent (Mak et al., 2010). Next, the health condition between animal models and patients are different. Animal studies have failed because of animal research are inadequate to detect rare events, animal testings usually carry out in healthy animals and the effect of the disease on the biological activity of test compounds is undefined while animal models exaggerated pharmacology well but not modelled well when specific infections involved (Cavagnaro and Lima, 2015；Polson and Fuji, 2012).
Process selection Two possibilities for the synthesis of Lactic acid are chemical synthesis and fermentation of solution that contains carbohydrate. Chemical synthesis Hydrogen cyanide is added to acetaldehyde in the presence of a base to produce lactonitrile. This process occurs in liquid phase at high pressures. The crude lactonitrile is recovered and purified by distillation. It is then hydrolyzed to lactic acid, either by conc.
Cases like this made it necessary to find alternative methods to animal testing. Technology is advancing, and the need for animal testing has vanished. There are several alternate methods that are much more effective than using rats or monkeys, not to mention cheaper. Studying cell structures in a petri-dish, micro-dosing, artificial human skin, and computer models have all done away with the need for animal testing. These methods have proved to be more successful, due to the fact that actual human cells are used rather than that of a difference species.
Based on a study published by Forensic Science International journal, it is clearly revealed that researchers who are experimenting try to minimize animal suffering whenever it is possible. In fact, 60.8% of animal experiments were using anesthetic to reduce the pain involved (Cattaneo, Maderna, Rendinelli, & Gibelli, 2015). Furthermore, animal experiments have been valuable to human beings owing to discoveries that have assisted cure diseases. For this reason, the author Shany Sun (2012), who is in favor of animal testing notifies that human life increase by 23.5 years after using animals in experiments, as stated by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. This is another fact that people who are against animal testing agree on.
Animal testing is a procedure that is performed on living animals for research. The purpose of this research is to is to look at the different diseases and try to find different drugs/medicine that will work to cure/treat a disease. Instead of having, consenting humans agree to help find a treatment, they will use animals. With the animals they will test things that will benefit human health. Typical species that are selected are reptiles, rodents (mice, rats, hamsters, guinea pigs, rabbits,) and other animals—fish, cats, dogs, mini-pigs, monkeys, chimpanzees, etc.
“The UK consumes over 300 times more fish each year than the total number of animals used in medical research each year” people believe that animal testing is cruel, but where would we be without it? Cancer, asthma, and the flu are all common diseases between mice and us humans. People say virtual reality is an option but computers don’t know everything. Imagine if surgeries were not perfected on animals, we would have a high chance of losing our loved ones. If we want to get our cherished family members and friends out of the hospital and feeling healthy again we must let our scientists experiment on animals to find new cures, and vaccines.
Animal testing has given us the ability to make advance realizations in the medical industry. Animal testing is not only in research but in cosmetic products.”American women use an average of 12 personal care products per day, so product safety is of great importance...The US Food and Drug Administration endorses the use of animal tests on cosmetics to assure the safety of a product or ingredient.” (ProCon.org, 9) Products that aren't cruelty free are being used daily in average personal routines. The choice to test on an animal first has helped cosmetic chemists to make more safe and efficient products for consumers. The same thing pertains to Pharmaceutical Scientists, in making medicine, testing on an animal can improve their testing on what works and what
This makes it difficult to translate into meaningful data, leading to more experiments , and delays to more protection for human health and environment. It is true that still, animal testing is accurate in many aspects than the alternatives, but there are some fields that the alternatives are more