This source is very useful to a historian, it explains the Soviet response to the Marshall Plan, and they believed it was a clear example of American economic imperialism. They believed the Americans were trying to undermine the Soviet sphere of influence in Europe by taking over countries and making them dependant on the US dollar so that they could not turn to communism, if they did they would face the risk of having their aid stopped. From my own knowledge, I know that one condition of receiving the aid was that countries would have to share their economic information with the USA. The soviets believed that the Marshall Plan was an attempt to place countries under their economic and political control, as demonstrated by the fact they had to share economic information. The plan was perceived as having ideological reasons and the USA were trying to control countries by making them reliant on the dollar and through fear of this money being taken away if they turned to Communism, undermining and posing a clear threat to Soviet influence in eastern
The tensions between the U.S. and the USSR after WWII had gradually increased towards a Cold War period. This period without actual fighting had a significant impact on America’s attitude towards the situation in Vietnam. Losing Vietnam to communism would not only threaten the world it would also, maybe more importantly, expose America’s weakness. Whereas the orthodox interpretation praises America for its bravery in their fight to save the world from communism, revisionist’s historians see the Vietnam War as a futile small factor in the larger Cold War Context and criticize America’s actions as aggressive and acquisitive. (21)6America would have the desire to shape the world in its own ideal image.
The war served the dual purpose of checking Russian advances in East Asia, and redirecting Japanese expansion away from the Pacific region the U.S. hoped to dominate. Impressive Japanese victories over an ineffective Russian military made Roosevelt rethink his support for the war. Fearing a dominant Japan, and hoping to prevent the pillaging of China by yet another foreign power, Roosevelt offered to negotiate a peace between the two rivals. Reluctant at first, a Russia that suffered multiple embarrassing defeats, and a
The Korean War was a war between communism and democracy of the two separated Koreas. In 1950, the Korean War, a war supported with allies from all over the world, began when North Korea invaded the South. Canada, one of the significant allies of South Korea, was of major importance when defending the South from the communist North. Many Canadians believe that Canada's contributions during the Korean War were forgotten, while others argue that Canada’s significance in the war is commemorated. The purpose of this essay is to answer the statement; “Examine Canada’s contribution to the Korean War”.
From the times of Czarist Russia and the beginning of the American nation, these countries have taken seriously their mission to expand and shape global order. After World War II, both countries emerged as two major military powers, which encouraged them to compete for the control of the economic and political world. The post-war goals of the United States and the Soviet Union were mainly influenced by their desire to sell to the world their ideologies of capitalism and communism respectively. The Soviet Union goals after World War II were based on the superiority of communism as a political and economic system over capitalism, and the United States used the
Competing perspectives and human decisions led to violent conflicts throughout the 20th century. By analyzing different perspectives of the countries that are blamed for starting Cold War and the ideologies that were imposed in the other countries. Two different political systems led to further conflicts of the Cold War. The Soviet Union during the Cold War was a communist country. Stalin wanted to expand the spirit of communism in the world.
Many believed that communists were inciting rebellions in the form of labor unions in almost every state; focus shifted from the Red Scare when the need to focus on the war in Europe overpowered the supposed presence of a communist party. After World War II, tensions arose between Russia, then known as the USSR, and the United States. This tension and the events that followed came to be called the Cold War, one of its main events being the Second Red Scare. The Second Red Scare was more destructive than the first. During this Scare, the United States believed that it was constantly under attack from Communists, both from within and outside of the nation 's borders.
While Truman, Eisenhower, and Kennedy all had the same same Cold War intention of ending communism, their ways of achieving their goal were different.The Cold War was an angry dispute between the United States and the Soviet Union about whether we should spread or contain communism (Ayres 817). According to Edward Ayres in American Anthem: Reconstruction to the Present all three Presidents used some form of Economic Aid, how we help other countries financially; Military Aid, how we help other countries’ militaries; and finally, Military Use, how we utilise our military (Ayres 817).
During the 1950s, America was on edge, as Russia’s dictator Stalin bolstered the kind of government that went against what World War II was fought for. As communism developed into a shunned philosophy, it nonetheless spread into other parts of Asia, such as Korea, China, and Vietnam. As a safeguard against its potential arrival to the United States, the American society became paranoid and
This was the Korean War. This war was consisted of two sides (Catoyn et al 654). On one side there is North Korea, China, and the Soviet Union also known as the communists side (654). The pro-american side consisted of South Korea and the United Nations which discludes the Soviets (654). This war started when North Korea crossed over the 38th Parallel Line wanting to make North and South Korea one communist country (654).
The Cold War was an event that directly impacted and influenced many aspects of American society during most of the second half of the 20th century. It mainly intensified due to the antagonistic values of the feuding America and Soviet Union who were each representative of opposing principles. Because they were the two remaining superpowers to emerge from the conflict of WWII the contention between democracy and capitalism soon became a global conflict. The Cold War was unlike any other in the sense that it was as much of a propagandists war as one that included direct military engagement. Although the Korean and Vietnam Wars were important examples of military intervention by the Americans in the name of containing communism these wars did
Douglas MacArthur stated, “It seems strangely difficult for some to realize that here in Asia is where the communist conspirators have elected to make their play for global conquest, and that we have joined the issue thus raised on the battlefield; that here we fight Europe 's war with arms while the diplomats there still fight it with words; that if we lose the war to communism in Asia the fall of Europe is inevitable, win it and Europe most probably would avoid war and yet preserve freedom. As you pointed out, we must win. There is no substitute for victory.” Truman was in favor of containment, simply keeping North Korea north of the 38th parallel. Seeing this, MacArthur overstepped his bounds and openly criticized the President. Truman promptly had him removed.
American being a capitalist national and Russia being a communist nation, these two highly contrasting ideologies resulted in major aggression between the two countries resulting in a series of proxy wars across the world including Korea and Vietnam in a attempt to eradicate each other. Communism ideas began to become more prevalent in China during the 1950’s. China then began to support smaller countries in Indochina to become communist nations such as Korea and Vietnam; this was an early example of Australia using military action in order to defeat communism in the Asia pacific. The domino theory was a thesis put forward by America stating that if South Vietnam were to fall to communism, because of its geographical position the entire region would eventually convert to communism therefore communism had to be eliminated in South Vietnam to prevent the spread of communism in the Asia Pacific. Australia due to its allegiance with Europe became weaker overall after the war as Europe would be unable to support Australia in case of a mainland invasion as they needed to rebuild from the effects of war, this left Australia in search for a new powerful ally.
Post World War II the United States was suffering from what is called “Red Scare”. The Red scare was a propaganda tactic to make the American public fear the communist countries. This propaganda was fueled further by the Korean War and the Cold War. This was fueled by a congressman by the name of Joe McCarthy. President Harry Truman also added on to this propaganda as well.