The Korean War Chart Somebody ... Wanted ... But ... So ... North Korea Wanted to make sure the Korean peninsula into a Communist nation United states and nation Stopped them The Chinese joined the war on the Korean side and pushed the united states and nation back to the 38th parallel line General MacArthur To win china over before they became communist with the soviet union Wasn’t allowed to be a general anymore and he was ordered to stay the 20 mile mark We stayed away from china for the most part and failed to get them to become democracy President Truman To stop soviet expansion , the war, and the spread of communsim Americans didn’t want to go to war The war ended in a statement China To stay in the “safe zone” that way there were no interruptions in their reconstruction They feared that the united states would break into china if the us and south Korean were allowed into war China planned a surprise attack and defeated American troops
President Truman’s number one goal in the Korean War was to prevent a wide scale war. He did not want to involve other countries into this war and wanted to resolve the communist conflict in Korea. He was afraid that any more involvement of the countries would result in a third world war. It was simply a problem of containment in Korea and the intervention of the Soviet Union or other European countries would be fatal. If America was successful in taken down the power of the communist forces in Korea, the countries would naturally find peace again.
In all, the Chinese entered the war to keep America from influencing the entire region into rebelling against the rise of Communism, and to establish their new regime as power in the growing world. The Chinese also were beginning to “rub” elbows with the Soviets, but never fully trusted them either, as some of their underlying ideals were not the same in the long
For Nixon, Vietnam was a two-front war, the battle was in Asia and America. Nixon, “saw himself engaged in a contest with the anti-war movement for the public mind in the United States and the private mind in Hanoi”. Clearly understanding that he would need public support, Nixon astutely identified the “silent majority” of American and gained their support for his policy of Vietnamization to end the Vietnam War. First, Nixon attempted an aggressive assault on North Vietnam with increased bombing raids. Soon it was realized the escalation and warfare would not be successful.
In the wake of World War II, the American morale was ravaged by fears of communist pervading American values and security. This was deepened by the Eisenhower administration’s inability to address and placate American concerns towards the expansion of communism, the apparently immutable precipice of nuclear war, and the displacement of democracy. The Cold War served as distinguishing feature in the American ethos and served as a defining moment in American
Although the attack was a complete surprise, the United States had had tension with Japan for decades. The United States hated how the Japanese had been treating the people in China. Japan declared war on China because they thought the only way to help their economy was to gain territory from China their neighbor. Next the U.S stopped selling oil to Japan. Although the U.S. was not close with Japan, no one expected Japan to bomb the U.S. After the attacking Roosevelt asked congress to declare war on Japan.
With Ngo Dihn Diem gone, communist forces pushed further south into Vietnam, pulling the United States forces deeper into the war. For President Lyndon B Johnson, pulling out of the war was not an option: we were too deeply involved, but this had gone on for long enough, we needed to put an end to this. " Operation Rolling Thunder" (1965-1968) would be the final push against communism in Vietnam: overall, the plan was a series of violent air/ground strikes that would block off communist access to southern Vietnam, instill fear and desperation, and cause such immense infrastructural damage that northern Vietnam could no longer function as a state. "The purpose of Rolling Thunder was to send a message to north Vietnam" (Bia) but whether the message was that of producing peace talks or forcing the cut-off of communists to southern Vietnam was largely debated: we could have allowed the space to produce peace talks, but the result could have been of North Vietnam reciprocating the attacks in force, we could not risk the time in allowing the possibility of communist production of aerial warfare, our only choice was to act fiercely
All things considered, it is not a fair assessment to call it “Johnson’s war” bearing in mind Nixon interfered, but to a certain point it is reasonable to call it so, because of the Tonkin Gulf resolution and because of Operation Rolling Thunder. The Tonkin Resolution put too much power into Johnson’s hands and allowed him to start a war without officially declaring one. In addition, Operation Rolling Thunder was a fail and helped the Viet Cong in finding a way to attack the American troops without showing themselves. Nixon going behind Johnson’s back and making a deal with the enemy made the war, to a certain degree, his fault as well. All in all, the Vietnam War should not be looked at as all Johnson 's fault, the blame is divided between
However, these differences show that the North and South were actually two distinct countries held together by one constitution. The North felt that decisions regarding slavery and its legality were entrenched in the central government while the South felt that such decision belonged to the individual states. In the times preceding the war, both sides could not reach a compromise. Bonner mentions, “Because secession and war were permitted to come, warned Russel, "We are not entitled to lay the flattering unction to our souls that the Civil War was an inevitable conflict (Bonner, 195).” Hence, these differences could only be addressed through war.
When World War 1 broke out in 1914, the United States attempted to remain neutral and was a strong advocate the neutral rights of nations. The U.S. liked to believe that the war was strictly a European conflict, but they would soon understand that they were inadvertently part of the war effort and entering war was inevitable. The U.S. was never truly neutral in the first place, but in fact supporting Europe the whole time. The reasons for breaking neutrality were more political and economic. It was the United States best interest to abandon its neutrality, and choose to go to war on the side of the allies for the future protection of American assets and welfare.
If the U.S didn’t join the Korean War I would feel like the country would be unified instead of being split up into a north and south. I don’t think South Korea would be able to hold off North Korea without the aid of the U.S since during the War it was the U.S who was supplying their troops, and even training them. North Korea would
As for the Soviets, the goal was to avoid a unification of Korea. Korea became known as an “ideological battleground.” With the creation of two Korean governments it led to the partition of the peninsula. The historical significance of the Korean War is that until this day the Korean peninsula remains a watchful concern for the U.S. In the Shadow of the Greatest Generation: The Americans Who Fought the Korean War, written in 2012, Melinda L. Pash mentions the effect of the conflict on soldiers when they returned.
The Nationalists led by Chiang Kai-shek and Communists led by Mao Zedong both aspired to central authority. A renewal of the Chinese civil war followed. Washington sought to apply its standard solution to such civil conflict, but had failed through time (Kissinger 89). In 1949, defeated by the Communists on the mainland, Nationalists troops fall back to the island Taiwan. Through the Chinese Civil war, the United States had been supporting Chiang by transporting the Nationalists troops to northern Chinese cities to preempt the Communist armies from taking the victory of Japanese surrender in World War II (Kissinger 98).
Initially, the new strategy was a success. An attack at Inchon pushed the North Koreans out of Seoul and back to their side of the 38th parallel. But as American troops crossed the boundary and headed north toward the Yalu River, the border between North Korea and Communist China, the Chinese started to worry about protecting themselves. China sent troops to North Korea and warned the U.S. to keep away from the Yalu boundary unless it wanted full-scale war. On June 27th, Truman wrote down and eventually released his concern with communist aggression and expansion.
Even later, he thought the war had nothing to do with Britain and would be over quickly so he kept Britain neutral. If he had done something to make sure that it’s clear to Germany that any violation of Belgian territory would result in an automatic declaration of war by Britain, the Kaiser would not have been so keen to give Austria unconditional support against Serbia if he knew it would lead to war with Russia and its ally France. Germany was horrified when Britain declared war in 1914, having assumed that Britain would stay neutral. If they had known about Britain declaring war if Belgium was invaded, it’s doubtful that they would still continue to help Austria because of the threat to fight Britain and the other countries at the same time. To conclude, the war was simply a way to put international conflicts into a physical fight.