Korematsu V. US Supreme Court Case Study

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Facts: President Roosevelt acted to prevent occurrence of subversion and espionage from people of Japanese ancestry residing in the United States. Roosevelt announced two executive orders that quickly became a law. The first one permitted the Secretary of War the power to appoint specific areas of the country as military areas and also exclude others from the area. The second created the War Relocation Authority that had the authority to remove and supervise people that were excluded from the areas. Gordon Kiyoshi Hirabayashi, a student attending University of Washington, was found guilty of infringing a curfew and relocation command.

Issue: Did the President’s orders and the power given to the military authorities differentiate against Americans and residing Japanese ancestry violate the 5th Amendment of no individual should be deprived of liberty without due process?
Holding: no.
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Stone asserted that racial discrimination was legitimate because "in time of war residents having ethnic affiliations with an invading enemy may be a greater source of danger than those of a different ancestry."

Implications: More people skeptical/lose trust in US government, racial discrimination of Japanese, and in 1990, US government paid compensations to confined Japanese

Changes: Similar case with Korematsu v. United States that is still upheld the constitutionally of Japanese internment camps during World War

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