Public space is unavoidable. Whether one comes from a small, quaint town such as Sedona, Arizona or a city over-flowing with people such as Los Angeles, California, public space is an inescapable requirement that comes with the choice of living. Roads, sidewalks, parks, and even beaches qualify as public domain. Citizens use the streets and sidewalks to accomplish everyday life tasks; even simple chores such as buying groceries necessitates crossing through public space. With something so obligatory, it is concerning that so many people do not desire to use it.
In Martha Menchaca chapters “Racial Foundations” and “Racial Formation” she delves into these topics to determine from the research she did what can be applied to the Mexican American racial history that was known at that time. In the first chapter, she outlines this history by breaking down different events in their prehistory that point to their racial origins. She states the beginning of Mexican American’s racial history began with the oral text records by working class Mexican American college students. Which their main purpose was to disprove the alleged truth about Mexican American’s were thought as poor because they were culturally inferior.
Throughout the Porfirian era Mexico had struggled to develop as a country and move towards any steps of progress up until the year of 1910. In William H. Beezley’s book Judas at the Jockey Club he considers this period on Mexican history to begin around 1876 and he points out many of the social, economic, and political factors that helped shape the foundation for modern Mexico. Beezley also looks at some of the regular aspects of the daily lives of Mexicans. Whether it be the sports and recreations, ceremonies and celebrations, or jobs and work that are part of the Mexicans everyday live, he uses these aspects to illustrate the extent of the two main culture groups of Mexican society. The two main culture groups in Mexico were the Los de Arriba,
In this week’s reading, “Spanish Conquest” by Elizabeth Carmichael and Chloe Sayer discuss the subjugation, ethnocide, and struggle the indigenous population of Mexico endured during the Spanish conquest. The Spanish conquistador, Hernan Cortez, enslave and forced the Aztecs to believe that Christianity was the one true religion. Therefore, the indigenous people were forced to convert their faith through the Spanish missionaries to lose their indigenous roots. Later, the authors explain the many difficulties and conflicts Spanish priest underwent to teach the Christian faith to the Aztecs. The Spanish friar first taught the indigenous people Christianity in Nahuatl.
The Mexican Revolution was a war in 1910 to 1920 fought between the president of Mexico Porfirio Díaz, Francisco Madero, Victoriano Huerta, Ignacio Bonillas, Venustiano Carranza, and the citizens and farmers of Mexico. Many groups and farmers wanted to stop Porfirio Diaz the ruler of Mexico since he distributed land to wealthy people in the United States which made them much closer, but took away the land farmers had. Porfirio Diaz Porfirio Diaz was a dictator.
The nature of the spread of Moche-style architecture and pottery has been debated, with a theory of a Moche conquest state facing opposing theories of a “Mochelandia”, the diffusion of a Moche art style or religion across multiple valleys. In the Santa Valley, widespread changes in settlement patterns between the Gallinazo Late Suchimancillo period and the Moche Guadalupito period, including the movement of people from the upper valley to the lower valley, the maximization of arable land, the abandonment of Late Suchimancillo sites and citadels, and the establishment of a regional center support the theory of a Moche conquest in the region. Settlements in the Late Suchimancillo period are clustered in the narrow upper river valley (maps a and b). This region has a high concentration of settlements, including the local centers at sites 11, 25, 45, 72, and 103. These centers, not including their surrounding settlements, together held a population of about 10,000, or roughly one third of the Santa Valley’s total population.
Introduction: Recognition: Recognition is an act of identifying or recognizing something or someone, recognition has some different means: first it’s an action of intelligent apprehension, sometimes it’s hard to recognize, but when we recognize something we understand that we made a mistake. Second recognition is a form of acknowledge such as when you see someone from a place and recognize him or her. Third it is an act of identification or regarding other being, such as when you recognize someone’s place and location which its attainment or rights. Different efforts have made to defining precisely what is and it is not, to show the act of recognition. This case shows the recognition means: if you have 4 point which it’s A B C D, point A Taking
Architecture has the ability to remark and reflect any region, give a feeling and a sense of a place, and present thoughts and creativity. Across the world, especially in the United States, there are many cities that are distinguished by its architecture and unique styles: The skyline of New York City is defined by it’s skyscrapers; San Francisco’s mixture of Victorian and modern colored houses; New Orleans’ iconic Creole townhouses; and Miami’s modernist architecture. Los Angeles, San Diego and some of the cities in the same region are no different from the previous appreciable cities all around America. These cities are located in the state of California which is on the West Coast. They share some significant architectural characteristics
The ancient Greek artists were relentless in their pursuit of excellence. They developed changes and improved existing artistic trends and styles. Because of this intense passion of the arts Greek architecture evolved over the course a few centuries displaying the ideals of human beauty and architectural design that continue to influence today’s modern civilizations. One structure that represents Greek architecture at its best are Greek temples. Initially built up sites throughout Greece were called sanctuaries, they were thought to be sacred to one or more gods.
Introduction Romanesque architecture started around 1000 to 1200 AD around the middle ages, extending from the decline of the Roman Empire until the begging of gothic architecture. It is one of the most influenced styles of architecture but also one of the most hard to characterize. Unlike other styles it developed independently in diverse locations such as Italy, Spain, England and France. Its characteristics come from the ancient roman architecture that developed into bigger prettier and more complex constructions. However, there are different views in where it spread first as well as where it got more influence from.
Growing up, I have always had an interest in geography and thinking about different countries and what makes them the way that they are. I have not been in a geography class since middle school and Human Geography was a class that made me think about things I have never thought of before. The readings of both Kropotkin and Mackinder brought up very interesting points, some that conflict and others that agree. Each author writes in a way that stimulates and makes you think about geography and certain topics in different ways which I find to be very rare in writings from this time period. Discussing Kropotkin’s and Mackinder’s general ideas, points they disagree or agree on, and my own views on the topic will all be discussed in this final paper.
Up until the 1960s Anglo social scientists wrote most of the literature about the people of Mexican- descent in the United States. Their analysis of Mexican American culture and history reflected the hegemonic beliefs, values, and perceptions of their society. As outsiders, Anglo scholars were led by their own biases and viewed Mexicans as inferior, savage, unworthy and different. Because Mexican scholars had not yet begun to write about their own experiences, these stereotypes were legitimized and reproduced in the literature. However, during the mid- 1960s scholars such as Octavio Ignacio Romano, Nick Vaca, Francisco Armando Rios, and Ralph Ricatelli began to reevaluate the literature written by their predecessors.