The Civil War was the most destructive battle in American history. The hurricane of a battle lasted for four years and is responsible for 785,000-1,000,000 Union, Confederate, and slave casualties. The battle was fought for the overall emancipation of slaves, and the Union succeeded in fulfilling that goal. You would think that after that war and after slavery was abolished once and for all, everyone would be happy and everyone would join together and sing Kumbaya; however, that's not exactly what happened. The Reconstruction Era was more destructive for slaves than the war itself. After the war, freed slaves were denied the right to vote, they were not provided with jobs or a safe place to go once they were free, and there were groups of people
Although this may be true, many other people do believe that the events occurring during the 1920’s changed American lives for the worst. This was due to the many racial and religious conflicts arising during this time. With every other concept becoming modern in the United States, modernists took this approach with religion as well. They believed that they could accept Darwin’s theory without sacrificing their religious faith. However, fundamentalists disagreed. They took every word of the bible as true and blamed liberal views of modernists for a “decline in morals”. Both of these ideas were present during the Scopes Trials. In 1925, a Tennessee biology teacher, John Scopes, was arrested for illegally teaching the concept of evolution
The KKK was a white nationalized group that included former veterans, which created the first branch of the group. The Klansmen founded in 1865, in Pulaski, Tennessee, is now known as the birthplace of the KKK. This group dedicated themselves to a campaign of violence to Republican leaders and voters. The KKK targeted many people based on their race or sexuality , including, Gays, Immigrants, African Americans, and Catholics(KKK history). Jim Crow laws,
The early 1900s were a time of widespread social and political change in America. During this time, many Americans adopted new, more modern ideas about labor, cultural diversity and city life. Some of these Progressive ideas were brought about by the need for reform in the workplace due to the grown of large companies and rapid industrialization. Not everyone supported the ideas of the Progressive Movement, however. Anti-Progressives, especially in the South, preferred traditional, rural lifestyles, and a slower, simpler way of living. They resisted change brought about by industrialization, opposed immigration and integration, and held tightly to their racist beliefs, which continued to be validated by the Jim Crow laws. During this time,
Resistance to Reconstruction was incredibly aggressive and violent since Southerners were extremely appalled by the radical social transformations that were resulting from Reconstruction, so those Southerners terrorized and killed the Republicans and the black people responsible for the changes. Black people were supposedly guaranteed equality before the law by the 14th amendment, however, their rights were not always upheld. Southerners would kill black people over minor actions, like not yielding to whites on sidewalks or attempting to buy land. A terrorist organization, the Ku Klux Klan (KKK), formed in 1866 to punish people who “defied the norms of white supremacy”. Ordinary black people were killed by the KKK alongside black and white
The Klu Klux Klan was very significant and important for many reasons. The organizations primary goal of the Klan was to destroy the Republican Party as revenge for the abolition of slavery and for having a hand in the federal occupation and restructuring of the South. This was achieved by harassing and, if necessary, murdering registered Republican voters. Political murders by the Klan numbered in the thousands, many of the victims being black. Klan members often murdered black political leaders, heads of black religious institutions and any other black individual who had ties to a political organization.
In the 1920’s the United States become home to an influx of more than 15 million immigrants which coincided with a second Ku Klux Klan growth. The Ku Klux Klan had previously been formed in 1865 by six confederate veterans operating primarily in the southern regions, however began to decline after the enforcement acts of three bills were put in place in 1871 during the Reconstruction Era. Delivering suffrage rights and prohibiting attacks on African Americans from state officials or the Ku Klux Klan, these enforcement acts were successful in supressing Klan crimes. The 1920’s saw the Klan peak popularity with more than 4 million members notorious for using violence against various different social groups. Whilst the rising immigration rate
The Reconstruction Era occurred in 1865, it was was a period after the Civil War in which America was focused on rebuilding the broken South. In 1867, the Radical reconstruction gave former slaves a voice in government. During this era, formers slaves gained a platform in the government, with some blacks as Congressmen. However, not everyone supported the idea of Reconstruction. Less than a decade after the Reconstruction period, a small group composed of democratic ex-confederate veterans, white farmers and white southerners sympathetic to white supremacy joined forces together to form the Ku Klux Klan. The clan spread fear and terror towards the blacks in a systematic way. Their reign of terror was felt throughout the south. It spread fear using guerilla tactics, whipping, beating, and lynching. The Klan’s purpose
During the 1920s, there were many different races, religions, ethnicities, and backgrounds in America. The Progressive Era, which lasted from the 1890s until the 1920s, was a time when industrialization, urbanization, and immigration led to a flood of people coming into America.1 It brought a multitude of new challenges and presented new targets for the Klan. There was much happening at this time regarding basic civil rights. African Americans were free of slavery, but they were not free in many other aspects. Jim Crow Laws were in full effect, segregating their entire lives. There were also many Catholics in the United States, and along with them came Catholic schools and churches. Many Protestants viewed this as a threat to their religion. Also, many Jews and various other immigrants had begun to populate America. America was truly the world 's melting pot. The KKK 's response to all that happened in this time had a significant impact on society. The 1920s effectively ended tolerance of racial, ethnic, and religious difference.2 Aside from all of the turmoil that was occurring, there was a great victory that was happening within America at the time.
Some might argue that the right to free speech or the right to purchase whatever you choose with your own money is what makes you a true American citizen. In Wilbert L. Jenkins’s book, Climbing Up to Glory: A Short History of African Americans During the Civil War and Reconstruction, the right to vote is a major bonus when obtaining the rights of being an American citizen. They are so important in fact that African Americans never stopped fighting to obtain them.
In Chapter Four of White Metropolis, Phillips discusses the way white elites ensured that the black population lacked political and social standing. The elites achieved this as much by spreading rumors and reinforcing stereotypes as by passing laws that legally robbed blacks of power. The “Sambo” stereotype, which depicted blacks as childish, carefree, and happy perpetuated the impression of superiority among the whites, even in the lowest classes (77;81). When the black population had access to the same goods as the white population in Dallas—even though they still shopped from separate stores—this perceived economic equality created panic among the white community (78). This was a factor in the second wave of the Ku Klux Klan in the 1920s.
Known for being an abolitionist and one of the most important African American leaders of the nineteenth century, Frederick Douglass once said, “The thing that worse than rebellion is the thing that causes rebellion.” Instances of rebellion orchestrated by groups of people can be traced from our earliest records of history all the way to today’s modern era. People in a society gather together and form a rebellion against whom they believe to be the oppressor. Using both violent and nonviolent tactics, these social groups continue to rebel until they achieve their goal of gaining some prosperity or desired success. The Ku Klux Klan and the anti-war protests of 1960s are two examples of social groups, that rebelled against their oppressor. The
The Ku Klux Klan or KKK has created centuries of fear.They originated in Pulaski, Tennessee. The famous hate group was out to re establish white supremacy. The KKK has influenced local governments and people in power. It has also had an impact on American people and specifically black minorities. Members of the cult have promoted the agenda since 1865. The Ku Klux Klan connects to the book To kIll a Mockingbird because the men that went to the jailhouse to kill Tom Robinson, these men represented the KKK.
This paper will discuss the difference between the Ku Klux Klan and The Black Panther Party two extremist groups. The historical foundation of these two groups along with the comparison of their extremist activities, and the motivating factors which fueled and heighten their motivational actions. The movement of these two groups were prompted by the two different beliefs with the Ku Klux Klan motives being from racism, and the Black Panther forming for the protection of their communities from racial tension.
The major racial discrimination in the 20th century happened with the formation of the separatist movement called the Ku Klux Klan. The movement was received positively across the nation especially among the whites in the southern states. The movement was being regarded as a racist movement because they were against the idea of racial equality in social and economics. According to Jonathan M. Bryant (2002), pointed out that the Ku Klux Klan