Recognising that created nations are primarily in charge of the present elevated amounts of GHG emissions in the climate as an aftereffect of over 150 years of mechanical movement, the Protocol puts a heavier load on created countries under the rule of "normal however separated obligations." The Kyoto Protocol was embraced in Kyoto, Japan, on 11 December 1997 and went into power on 16 February 2005. 184 Parties of the Convention have approved its Protocol to date. The Kyoto Mechanisms Under the Treaty, nations must meet their objectives basically through national measures. On the other hand, the Kyoto Protocol offers them extra adaptable method for meeting their objectives by method for three business sector based instruments.
INTRODUCTION The Kyoto Protocol of the United Nations Treaty on Climate Changes legally commits countries to reduce their greenhouse gas emissions by an average of 5.2 percent relative to 1990 levels. CDM and carbon trading are the two mechanisms evolved under the protocol for achieving these targets. Clean Development Mechanism (CDM), one of the two project-based flexible mechanisms of the Kyoto Protocol. On the other hand Carbon trading allows industries in developed countries to off-set their emissions of carbon dioxide by investing in reforestation and clean energy projects in developing countries. These mechanisms make it easier and economical for industrialized countries to meet the greenhouse gas (GHG) emission reduction targets that have been agreed upon under the Kyoto
The recent problem we faced everyday is the ongoing global warming crisis, where this has been raised as the need to enhance urban sustainability. To epitomize an energy-saving city and shifting to renewable energy, Tokyo has started its measure indefinitely. The very first measure is to reduce greenhouse gas emissions from existing facilities by introducing Tokyo CO2 Emission Reduction Program. The program encourages large-scale factories, offices, commercial facilities and public facilities to develop 5-year plan for greenhouse gas reduction. After 5 years of the program, 70% of CO2 were being reduced as a results of sustainable plan by these industrial facilities.
There have been international conventions, known as protocols aimed at finding a consensus regarding national and international efforts to reduce consumption of oil and gas as well as other products that are energy intensive. Each participating nation is required meet certain minimum requirements on carbon footprints or compensate for extra carbon foot print it generates above the set limit. Country’s therefore have laws governing the extent of carbon emissions related to a given industry or organization (World Bank, 2012). Further, there is mandate for every nation to play part in greening efforts by committing certain portion of resources to research and development in cleaner, environmental friendly and green energy sources. Otto Marine is usually involved in the building of specialized offshore support vessels and specialized offshore services operations which majorly support operations in the oil and gas industry.
Several industrial restructuring programmes across industries were also initiated to further improve performance and they have had significant effects in the energy sector for several decades. However from a global perspective, the signing of the Kyoto Protocol in 1997 was suppose to usher in an era for the planet to tackle climate change, and we had high expectations to see the world transition from dirty, polluting fossils fuels to their low carbon alternatives but instead we witnessed a reverse scenario where global coal consumption continued to grow in the last decade than it did in the previous forty years. After decades of global energy consumption growth being driven by oil and natural gas, coal has grown in the last decade than oil did in the last 25 years and more than gas did in the last 22 years. Comparing this growth with low-carbon energy sources is more overwhelming as the growth in primary energy consumption from coal was eight times larger than for wind, solar, and nuclear energy
The “old” Kyoto Protocol expired in 2012. The Protocol said that CO2 emissions must be bought by industries to be allowed to produce CO2. Of course it was expensive for the industries to buy these rights. But do you think there is any price high enough for our nature? 2nd idea to control the Global Warming: There should be stricter rules for industries.
As these problems become more and more persistent, the boundaries of states become increasingly distorted. This implies that, the wasteful use of coal or the inability to treat communicable disease in one state not only devastates that states’ environment and population, but it also has direct and often dramatic consequences for the other states also for instance the spread of avian influenza (H5N1) throughout Asia since 2003, across to Europe and the Middle East, as well as Africa. More so, as the rapid growth in the number of international environmental agreements since the 1970’s indicates, the resolution of these kinds of problems requires extensive cooperation and coordination among states in the formulation and implementation of policies. The United Nations Environmental Program (UNEP) has a record that lists close to 200 multilateral environmental agreements and amendments to existing agreements, most of which have been established since the Stockholm Conference which was the first universal recognition of environmental awareness in 1972 ( Susskind, 2002; MacNeill, 1990; and Gallagher,1968). Accordingly, scholars argue that it emanates as no surprise that the path of international climate diplomacy has always been a shaky one and this is especially true since the
It is still not yet in the verge of worldwide depletion. Also, the Montreal Protocol is a very outstanding set of rules that actually saves our ozone, which, in turn, conserves our environment. The stratospheric ozone issue has shown us that mankind is quite capable of significantly affecting the atmosphere on an ecumenical scale: the most striking effects of CFCs, which are emitted mostly in the north, are visually perceived as far away as possible from the sources, namely over the South