(LC Rogers 2011) Increased blood sugar level in diabetics leads to damage of blood vessels, nerves and impaired circulation. Damage to nerves causes peripheral neuropathy, leading to deficits in sensation, autonomic dysfunction and motor impairments. Most patients that develop charcot foot have a high level of peripheral neuropathy. It typically occurs following a minor injury like a sprain or fracture.
The Tolosa-Hunt syndrome is a rare autoimmune with an estimated annual incidence of one case per million per year. It is characterized by painful ophthalmoplegia (weakness of the eye muscles) and is caused by an idiopathic granulomatous inflammation of the cavernous sinus. While considered a benign condition, permanent neurologic deficits can occur, and relapses are common, often requiring prolonged immunosuppressive therapy. Tolosa-Hunt syndrome must be carefully differentiated from more malignant diagnoses, a mandate challenged by the lack of a specific diagnostic test abnormality.
A lumbar disc prolapse, also known as slipped disc or herniated disc, is a condition where a fragment of the soft central disc material squeezes out due to pressure through a tear in the annulus (disc capsule). A prolapsed fragment may compress an adjacent nerve root or the multiple roots to cause the neurological symptoms. Our discs deteriorate with age, the inner nucleus in our disc, which is like a soft gel dries out and becomes less spongy. The outer annulus is also at risk for cracking or splitting as it becomes brittle with age. If this spilt extends through the annulus, then the nucleus can squeeze out into the spinal canal, thereby pushes the nerves.
The initial brain CT imaging did not reveal a temporal bone fracture. However, left frontal, right and left inferior temporal bone contusions were reported. In addition, there was left parieto-temporal extra-axial hemorrhage with a 3mm maximum thickness. Right sided wall erythema on ear examination was viewed as a possible otitis media by the ER physician. Three weeks post trauma, the patient returned to the emergency room complaining of a right ear hearing loss and tinnitus.
OP has become a major health problem, which is expected to worsen with aging populations worldwide1. During the past three decades, a range of medications has been used for the prevention and treatment of OP, but some of them are entirely satisfactory. For example, bisphosphonates can lead to atypical femoral fractures and osteonecrosis of the jaw with long-term use, although it can effectively reduce the loss of bone mass; hormone replacement therapy is recommended only in women who also have menopausal symptoms, and some drugs like Raloxifene can increase the risk of blood clots and strokes. Denosumab, a fully human monoclonal antibody, acts as a new drug for the treatment of OP, has also many side effects include low calcium blood levels, infections, skin and jawbone problems, and pain in the muscles, back, arms and legs2. Therefore, it is always necessary to look for some novel therapies of treatment.
These changes in aging skin and the resultant dropped easiness to hypoxia may develop pressure ulcer growth in older persons. As pressure is the main physiologic factor that leads to soft-tissue damage, the term pressure ulcer is most
Also, fluid build-up can occur, you may notice a faster heartbeat and swelling that starts in your feet and ankles and moves upward. • Neuromuscular disorder-Peripheral neuropathy usually affects the lower limbs more than the upper limbs. • Sexual Dysfunction- Men often complain of impotence and women have decreased libido and vaginal
Rhinoplasty is commonly performed to repair damage caused by traumatic injury. In many cases, a nose job isn't required, as the nose can be set non-surgically up to a week following the injury. Yet, if the nose isn't set quickly enough, surgery is often the only option for reversing the damage. One reason: Bleeding caused by trauma can cause clotting within the nose, which can kill the cartilage. This loss of cartilage can cause deformation - a condition that's sometimes called "boxer nose," which requires surgery to
In recent research done by Dr. Axe described that Many adults suffer from gallbladder problems during middle or late adulthood, especially women, who develop gallstones much more than men do. (1) And cholecystectomy, surgery to remove the gallbladder, is one of the most common operations performed on adults in the United States every year. Yet it’s common for even those who have gallbladder issues to be a bit unsure of what the gallbladder does exactly and that a gallbladder diet can help prevent and treat certain issues. The Gallbladder Diet: Gallstones Prevention, Gallbladder Diet and Other Natural Treatments.
More people have this condition than any other form of arthritis. It usually happens with age, but it can also come from joint injuries or obesity, which puts extra stress on your joints. Joints that bear weight -- such as your knees, hips, feet, and spine -- are the most common places it affects. It often comes on gradually over months or years. It makes the affected joint hurt.
One or more of the vertebraes are malformed. Ten to twenty percent of people have this type of spina bifida. This type rarely causes disabilities or symptoms. The second type of spina bifida is called Closed neural tube defects.this type has a varietal group of defects that affect the spineal cord. This type of spina bifida is shown by the malformation of fat, bone, or meninges.
The symptoms of myeloma are mostly pain but the ribs and spine are the most effected areas in the body causing chest wall or back pain. If the myeloma is advanced can cause bone degeneration which can press on the nerves causing little feeling, burning sensation and paralysis. It can cause high levels of calcium destroying the bones at a fast rate. The other complications cryoglobulinemia this rare condition produce a protein that precipitates, when it is exposed to cold temperatures. Amyloidosis occurs mostly in people whose myeloma has the light chain components of immunoglobulins to form a sticky protein called amyloid, impairs the function of whichever organ it is in.
Newman et al 2009 found that the chronic demyelination of can have an excitatory effect on the spinal cord and focal lesions found in the spinal cord are common in early onset signs of MS. Other less visible and subjective symptoms of Multiple Sclerosis reported by this group include fatigue, pain, depression, sleep disturbances and reported decreased quality of life. Initial symptoms include blurred or double vision in which the Optic and Oculomotor neurons of the brain are affected. Women are qualitatively diagnosed more often than men and Newman et al. 2009 assessed the pain perception of this group.
There is wide-spread anxiety about this procedure, but it is usually simple and safe. It does entail insertion of a needle, and it is therefore uncomfortable. Also, about 25 percent of the people who undergo this procedure experience some headache after the fluid is removed, but it is server only about five percent of the cases. The procedure is difficult to perform and may need to be done under x-ray guidance if the person is extremely obese or has had pervious back surgery.
People that suffer from head trauma like Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS) and Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy (CTE) have long term consequences but how does this affect their life and what are people suggesting to do about it? ALS and CTE are two forms of diseases to the brain that causes severe symptoms such as muscle weakness, memory loss, shortness of breath, and confusion. ALS is a rare disease with fewer than 20,000 cases per year found in the U.S. This type of disease affects nerve cells in the brain and in the spinal cord. CTE is some what similar to ALS but this other disease is commonly found in athletes with a history of repetitive brain trauma.