We then added 10cm3 ethanoic anhydride to the salicylic acid and swirled the contents, this mixes together the two chemicals. We then added 5 drops of concentrated sulphuric acid to the flask and thoroughly swirled the mixture, this creates the solution that makes the aspirin. We then warmed the flask for 20 minutes in a 400cm3 beaker of hot water which was approximately 60°C, we made sure the flask did not go above 65°C because this could have caused the contents to evaporate. Part 2: Using a 25cm3 measuring cylinder we measured out 15cm3 of ethanol into a boiling tube and then prepared a beaker half filled with hot water at approx. 75°C, we got this temperature by filling the beaker with cold water and slowly adding boiling water from a kettle until we reached the right temperature.
In this experiment, racemic 2-methylcyclohexanone was reduced using sodium borohydride as a nucleophile to give a diastereomeric mixture of cis and trans secondary alcohols. The products were analyzed for purity using IR spectroscopy and gas chromatography. 1.2 g of 2-methylcyclohexanone and 10 mL of methanol were combined in a flask and cooled in an ice bath. Two 100 mg portions of sodium borohydride were added to the flask and stirred. 5 mL of 3M sodium hydroxide, 5 mL of de-ionized water, and 15 mL of hexane were added to the reaction flask and stirred.
We used a Buchner funnel to collect benzocaine. We used three 10 ml of water to wash the product. After the product was dry, we weighed, calculate the percent yield and determined the melting point of the product.
The data table provided below obtained melting point data for crude product, pure product, and mixture of the pure and 4-tert-butylbenzyl. 12. The TLC data obtained is provided in a table below. The TLC data was conducted solely in a 9:1 hexane/ethyl acetate solvent solution as opposed to the 1:1 and pure hexane solution as well. This was due to the lack of time, but as explained in number 7, a very polar solvent (1:1 solution) or non-polar solvent (pure hexane) is not ideal when obtaining
It often is used as a sweetener for diabetic food and this is because it is poorly absorbed in the intestines so as to not spike insulin levels. This is because it has a higher heat of solution than most sugar alcohols and it has low solubility that is found in candies and such. It can also be used in medicine. It can be used to for glaucoma and can be used to lower intracranial pressure. If it used as a medication it is often given in injection form.
The Effect of Alkaseltzer Tablets on the Boiling Point of Water Zackary Zambrano Chemistry Honors Mrs.Gregor Period-3 10/5/16 Introduction Statement of Purpose: The purpose of this experiment is to see whether or not alkaseltzer tablets have an effect on the boiling point of 100 mL of water. The control is just water, the variable groups are 100 mL of water with one tablet, and 100 mL of water with two tablets. “What exactly is boiling? The technical definition is what occurs when the vapor pressure of a liquid is greater than or equal to the atmospheric pressure. ”(Lopez,k) Simply put water, boils when enough energy is released to cause bubbles and then turn to vapor.
The end rating of the Salt #2 container was 1, which is not as high as the end rating for the positive control: 1.5. This was because salt cause the algae cells to pump water out of the cell into the hypertonic outside environment. As a result, the cell membranes inside the cell to shrivel and the cell to die. However, adding 0.5 mL of salt was probably not
Oxis Turbohaler 1.0 Generic Drug Name; Preparation/Formulation Oxis (Formoterol); Oxis Turbuhaler; Oxis (Eformoterol fumarate dihydrate for inhalation) 1.1 Oxis Turbohaler 6, inhalation powder • Each delivered dose of Oxis Turbohaler 6 (i.e. the dose leaving the mouthpiece) contains 4.5 micrograms formoterol fumarate dihydrate which is derived from a metered dose of 6 micrograms. • Diluents: Lactose Monohydrate 895 micrograms per delivered dose, corresponding to 1005 micrograms per metered dose. 1.2 Oxis Turbohaler 12, inhalation powder • Each delivered dose of Oxis Turbohaler 12 (i.e. the dose leaving the mouthpiece) contains 9 micrograms formoterol fumarate dihydrate which is derived from a metered dose of 12 micrograms. • Diluents: Lactose
The ester studied was “3,” the acid used was 9.5 mL of “B,” and the alcohol used was 18.1 mL of “C.” A few substances were added to augment the production of the ester. Sulfuric acid (H2SO4) was added using a dropper bottle to catalyze the reaction. The desiccant in this reaction was drierite and was used to absorb the water byproduct. This prevented the ester from breaking apart into its constituents. The cold finger condenser was used to trap evaporated gas from the heated mixture, and condense it back into
When the aqueous layer was added to the vial, calcium chloride was then added to dry the solution. If the solution was dry enough, a large peak between 3300-3500 would have been present in the IR spectrum. In order to obtain the IR spectrum two Classification test were performed. The Bromine test and Permanganate test were used to determine if alkenes were indeed present in the solution. Both test were positive for the compound.
Sodium hydroxide solution with a volume of 6.00 mL and a molarity of 3.00 M was transferred into a 50 mL beaker using a volumetric pipette. While swirling the phosphoric acid solution in the Erlenmeyer flask, the sodium hydroxide solution was added to it a few drops at a time using a disposable plastic pipette. The After all the sodium hydroxide was transferred, the flask was rinsed with 2 mL of deionized water and added to the flask with the reaction mixture and swirled for an additional minute. A clean, dry evaporating dish with a watch glass was then weighed and recorded to 0.001 g. The reaction mixture was then transferred to the evaporating dish.
Observations The purpose of this experiment was to be able to synthesize triphenylmethyl bromide from triphenylmethanol by a trityl carbocation intermediate. During the experiment, 0.100 g of triphenylmethanol was placed into a small test tube. The triphenylmethanol looked like a white powder. Next 2 mL of acetic acid was added to the test tube and the solution turned a cloudy white color.
The objective of this experiment was to create synthesize methyl eugenol from eugenol, dimethyl carbonate, and tetrabutylammonium bromide. To start off the experiment, a heating under reflux apparatus was used and the parts included: a water jacketed condenser, ring stand, tubes, flowing water, 25-mL round bottom flask, heating block, and a hot plate. There were two parts to the water condenser, entry and exit ways for water. The bottom opening was connected to the sink through one tube and the top opening was connected with a loose end, which was needed to get rid of the flowing water. To create the solution needed to synthesize methyl eugenol, approximately 0.200 g of eugenol (note: the measured g was converted to mg for later calculations) was measured, alongside approximately 1.2 g of TBAB and was added to the 25-mL round bottom flask.
Experimental Clay-catalyzed dehydration of cyclohexanol Cyclohexanol (10.0336 g, mmol) was added to a 50 mL round bottom flask containing five boiling chips, Montmorillonite K10 clay (1.0430 g) was then added to the cyclohexanol and the mixture was swirled together. The flask was then placed in a sand bath and attached to a simple distillation apparatus. The contents of the flask were then heated at approximately 150 °C to begin refluxing the cyclohexanol. The distillation flask was then loosely covered with aluminum foil and the hood sash was lowered in order to minimize airflow. As the reaction continued, the temperature was adjusted in order to maintain a consistent rate of distillation.