An increment of 3cm for every x coordinate (x=0, 3, 6, 9, 12, and 15) and voltage readings of .25, .30, .50, .75, and 1.00 will be measured. Below are two tables (because two different metal plates are used) of data that illustrate the voltage readings collected during the experiment. The readings on the voltmeter measure the electric potential of two different charge distributions and this measurement can be used to find the electric field. Electric field lines starts on a positive charge and end on a negative charge. The number of electric field lines tells us the amount of
In the next steps the density of water between 30-40 °C, 40-50 °C and 50-60 °C was measured. Then our results ρ vs T and also density vs temperature values given in the Steam Tables were plotted on the same graph in order to compare. In the second part the density of water was measured by density bottle. The densities obtained from the experiment are 995, 992.5, 991, 990 kg/m3 for the first part and
This light then travels past the flame created by an atomizer. Where the atomizer essentially vaporizes an aqueous solution containing the metal ion(s), converting the input ionic solution from into atoms (IE: Na+Na). These atoms, are then shot with a specific ‘matching’ monochromatic light from the selected cathode lamp, whereby some the specific light is absorbed while passing by, This means that not all light will make it through the flame(IE less is detected then what is shot initially). After passing through the flame, the light is then filtered through a monochromator or prism, which works to select a specific wavelength of light, filtering all other unnecessary / unwanted wavelengths out. After this light is sufficiently filtered, the remaining ‘wanted’ wavelength of light is projected into a photomultiplier, which is an instrument that can collect, amplify and then finally measure the amount of light that was detected.
Patriciah Mulinge Lab Partners: Rachel Reagan, Heaven Wolde Chem:117 TA Daniella Graf Stillfried Station 2 4/6/17 Heats of Reaction Abstract In Physical Chemistry, the bridge between chemistry and physics, usually begins with the study of thermal energy, otherwise called heat. Most reactions either release or consume energy. This loss and or gain of energy can be referred to as either Endothermic-gaining heat, or exothermic- losing heat. it is imperative that chemists understand thermal energy so that they understand how molecules react. The basis of this lab will be to observe three experiments while the react.
What can be observed is that a magnet can “fly” on the superconductor. This is called the Meissner effect. (Meissner Effect FP Miller，AF Vandome，J Mcbrewster，Walter，Meissner,2010)The superconducting transition temperature for YBa2Cu3Ox is about 92 K. Cooling a pellet of the material in liquid nitrogen and levitating a magnet over its surface. ( Use the neodymium-iron-boron magnet as they possess stronger magnetic fields which allow the magnet to levitate higher above the superconductor). A pair of plastic tweezers is used to handle the
Explain how the molarity of the standard solution (the alkali) was calculated in the experiment (equation explained)- 0.1M of NaOH is required, this equation will be used: Concentration = moles volume This will be rearranged to find the moles needed to carry out the experiment. The concentration of the experiment using NaOH is 0.1M so we just need to rearrange the equation to find the molarity. 0.1 x 0.250 = 0.0250 moles Number of moles = mass RFM 0.0250 = mass 40 0.0250 x 40 + 1g (mass) Explain how this enabled you to accurately calculate the molarity of each acid used in the titrations (equations explained)- Molarity of the acid = molarity of the alkali x volume of the alkali volume of acid Firstly we will need to add up all of the volumes found within the titration to find an average: 13.10+13.20+13.10= 13.13 Molarity of Ethanoic acid = 0.1 x 25.00 = 0.190 mol dm-3 13.13 Molarity of Hydrochloric acid = 1.0 x 25.00 = 0.077 mol dm-3 32.53
Introduction The goal of this experiment was to acquire an understanding of the fundamentals of measurement in addition to analyzing the gathered data. During the experiment, an understanding of basic experimental error was gained as well as how to utilize the error equations to account for margins of error in each experiment. For Investigation 1, the mass, length and diameter of four separate cylinders was measured and utilized to calculate the volume and density of the cylinders. After recording these results in the table, the data of the cylinders was graphed. Then, in Investigation 2, a Geiger counter was utilized to measure background radiation in the lab at intervals of one minute for sixty minutes.
Doing some algebra, we can then reduce to the expression 〖nτ〗_E≥L T/σv where L is a constant, T is the temperature of the system, σ is the nuclear cross section, or chance that two particles have to collide, and v is the relative velocity of the two particles. Multiplying both sides by T then gives the triple product as a function of temperature. This is useful because it provides a minimum value for the product of 〖nTτ〗_E for a fusion reaction to occur (Lawson, J. “Some”). The exact value of this minimum will change depending on the type of fuel used in the reaction.
First of all, the apparatus has to be chosen that would collect the gases produced at the anode hence Hofmann Voltameter was chosen to carry out the electrolysis in. Second of all, I had to come up with a method to separate oxygen and chlorine gas. Since both of them are gases it became very hard to come up with a method, hence I researched on the characteristics of both gases. I found out that chlorine is soluble in water while oxygen is not soluble in water. 5.8g of chlorine gas dissolves in 1kg of water at 30ºC (The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 2013) and 40mg of oxygen gas is soluble in 1kg of water at 25ºC (Lenntech,