After 15-20 minutes, color separation became visible; red and blue were shown around the purple as well as blue/yellow around green. Solution line stopped at 60cm. Data and Observation The water/salt solution percolates faster than the alcohol/water solution. Alcohol & water solution:
In this lab, we tested 8 known ingredients to find what ingredients was in our unknown A and unknown B medications. We first tested the water solubility of our knowns and unknowns. We found that of the knowns, cornstarch and acetaminophen were the only ones not water soluble. The unknowns were also not water soluble. Th next test was the pH test.
Shifa Sayeed can you check if this is all in past tense and if it has personal pronouns? The purpose of this experiment was to observe and thoroughly analyze how different substances of dissimilar intermolecular forces acted in different scenarios of evaporation, evaporative cooling, and boiling. In the lab, the three substances tested and compared were Acetone, Acetic Acid, and Propanol.
Question 4: List the 3 errors; • Adding too many drops of NaOH at the same time would affect the results because we can’t determine the exact equivalent point when the color changed. The results won’t be accurate and that will affect all the data that are dependent on the amount of NaOH to titrate. • Other error could be the hardness to notice a color change; we always use a white paper under the flask to determine when the color changes right away. And if we don’t use the white paper it will be hard to determine the color change and the amount of NaOH that was used to titrate it. • Also other source of error could be by not rising the burette with NaOH before we fill up with it, or it maybe they were rinsing it with a lot of NaOH which could affect the data recording for NaOH amount of titration.
For this lab, zeolite and magnetized zeolite were synthesized and compared with charcoal to find out with would be the most effective in the sequestering of Procion Red dye. Finding the concentration and absorbance of each zeolite, magnetized zeolite, and charcoal, along with a calibration curve, the best adsorbent is determined. Charcoal was the overall best sequestration of the Procion Red dye, since the adsorbent was highest compared to the others. Introduction Pollution has increased in the environment over the years, so the purpose of this experiment is to find the best adsorbent of chemicals to reduce the pollution.
If there is a color change, then it is known that protein is present in the solution. Finally, lipids are tested. 5 mL of water are added to 5 mL of oil. 5 drops of Sudan 3 are added, and if the color changes, then lipids are present. Next, the McMush is tested.
The material for this experiment will be: Control tasting paper (tasteless), 0.003 mg per PTC strip, 0.007 mg per PTC strip, water, small medicine cups for tasting, larger medicine cups for rinsing, tower papers and dark chocolate (72%). This experiment demands 24 students in the Genetics Lab class. Students are going to be asked the level of bitterness in 3 different PTC exponents: 0.003 mg per PTC strip, 0.007 mg per strip and dark chocolate (72%). Levels are from 0-5, (0 being least bitter-5 being extremely bitter).
Introduction The purpose of this lab is to use control variables to help identify different macromolecules. Biological systems are made up of these four major macromolecules: carbohydrates, lipids, proteins and nucleic acids. Carbohydrates are sugar molecules (monosaccharides, disaccharides, and polysaccharides) which make them the most abundant macromolecule on the earth. Lipids (oils and fats, phospholipids and steroids) are insoluble in water and perform many functions such as energy source, essential nutrients, hormones and insulators (Lehman, 1955).
The childhood snack that will be analyzed is Fruit Gushers. The following are the five ingredients in this snack: Red 40 (Allura Red), partially hydrogenated cottonseed oil, carrageenan, corn syrup, and monoglyceride. Red 40 is an azo dye that contains an N=N grouping which is called an azo group. This dye dissolves in water because it’s a salt and contains sulfonic acid.
Introduction The term chromatography actually means colour writing, and signifies a technique by which the substance to be examined is placed in a vertical glass tube containing an adsorbent, the different segments of the substance traveling through the adsorbent at distinctive rates of velocity, according to their degree of attraction to it, and producing bands of colour at different levels of the adsorption column. The substances least absorbed emerge earliest; those more strongly absorbed emerge later. (Wixom et al., 2011) In chromatography of all types, there is a mobile phase and a stationary phase.
Conclusion The GC ethanol analysis method described above has a simple concept, its rapid, and extremely accurate, determining ethanol precisely without interference from other beverage components. With this method, it takes only 7 to 8 min to complete a sample analysis for the determination of ethanol content in a beverage sample. Analyst handling is minimized to prevent deviation in results or possible human error. This method requires a gas chromatograph and a digital integrator, both reasonably expensive and sophisticated pieces of equipment.
Biochemical tests are the tests used for the identification of bacterial species based on the differences in the biochemical activities of different bacteria. Bacterial physiology differs from one species to the other. These differences in carbohydrate metabolism, protein metabolism, fat metabolism, production of certain enzymes and ability to utilize a particular compound help them to be identified by the biochemical tests. Gram’s stain was originally devised by histologist Hans Christian Gram in 1884. Gram-positive bacteria stain purple, while Gram-negative bacteria stain pink when subjected to Gram staining.
Use these results to determine the product concentration, using Beer-Lambert’s Law: A= ɛCl (where A is the absorbance, ɛ is the molar absorptivity, C is the product concentration and l is the length of solution that the light passes through). Calculate the product concentrations at every minute for 10 minutes for all 7 of the test tubes using Beer-Lambert’s Law. Plot a graph of product concentration vs. time and then use the gradients of the 7 test tubes to determine the velocities of the reaction. After calculating the velocities, plot a Michaelis-Menten graph of velocity vs. substrate concentration.
A 50 mL buret was obtained and was washed with NaOH solution. After filling the buret with NaOH (titrant) and preparing the KHP (analyte) in the Erlenmeyer flask, the solutions were titrated. The volume used from the NaOH solution was recorded. C. Determination of the Acidity of Soft Drinks First, the soft drinks were heated.