“It seems more likely that the public’s distrust of the police in high-crime areas is driven more by crime than by police practices” (Sherman 10). Much of the abuse is coming from victims and criminals as being racist. As in a black officer towards white citizens or vice versa. The police brutality can something be the misconduct that occurs behind the scenes that we do not always see. It is believed “… that police are under great pressure to act quickly, especially when the murder victim is white, prominent, a child or a police officer
Even though, some adequate emotional appeals appeared, Muhlhausen’s article failed to prove, logically, the deterrence theory. Muhlhausen’s emotional appeals does affect the audience’s decision for the deterrence theory. For example, Muhlhausen states that criminals are no different from law-abiding people. Criminal based their decisions on the net costs and benefits of each alternative, where they maximize their own self-interest subject to restrictions that they face in the marketplace and elsewhere (Muhlhausen, David). In other word, the criminals are most likely to commit the crime if the
In today’s society, prejudice acts as the driving factor of our treatment of others. Prejudice, as mentioned, is defined as the unjustified negative attitudes that people may hold against others of a certain group, impacting how people may notice and interpret situations and events. More often than not, these ideas negatively impact a specific group of people, creating injustices within their lives. In the essay, “Just Walk On By: Black Men and Public Space,” written by Brent Staples, Staples argues that black men are often in danger of being physically harmed or victimized because of society’s perception of them and the impression of the color of their skin. This concept, that one’s color of skin can act as an indicator of their character
Black men are overrepresented in prisons because of the unfortunately common stereotype that they are all remorseless criminals. This stereotype makes it easier for those in the justice system to see all black men as people who need to be locked up. Racism (whether conscious or subconscious) makes jurors especially willing to put minorities behind bars by overpowering their doubt and blinding them to the
Along those same lines, whites would perpetuate black stereotypes in order to further emphasize why they could not let them testify in court. According to (Carlin 2016), the first stereotype was that Black people were less intelligent than White people. If this were true, the events of a crime would not be given accurately. Secondly, they were thought to be dishonest and this would impede a conviction. Lastly, they were seen as violent, so if their crime was deemed violent it became an automatic guilty decision for them.
While there are racist cops out there who will pull black men over unnecessarily or beat them for no reason, these officers will have to face the consequence of their actions. The police arrest people who commit crimes, and if black men commit more crimes then it makes sense that more of them are arrested. It would be a little ridiculous, if officers had to bypass or ignore any black criminal they saw, just because they’d already arrested a number of black men proportionate to the population. According to data produced by the FBI, when compared, the number of black arrestees and offenders are almost identical (Rubenstein). “If police are arresting a larger proportion of blacks than the proportion of criminals victims say were black, it would be evidence of bias”, but this data shows the two figures are very similar (Rubenstein).
Racial bias in media affects everyone, whether it be directly or indirectly. Getting your information biased can bias your opinion, too. Even The Society Pages, who did a study on this, found that,”Biased reporting, in other words, changes the minds of viewers, literally” (Wade). If an average white person, who has little opinion about the colored race, sees a news report saying that four black men were arrested in a burglary investigation he probably would think much of it. If the pictures of those men were their mugshots after they had been dragged out of their homes, maybe even in the middle of the night, making them look menacing the white man might’ve thought that they were awful men.
Therefore, by not paying one’s taxes or disobeying another law, citizens would be punished causing many people to act justly out of fear of suffering for injustice. Thrasymachus replies that if injustice is done on a large enough scale, rather than partly, then injustice is better than justice. Thrasymachus differentiates large scale injustice from small scale by saying this, “If someone commits only one part of injustice and is caught, he’s punished…such partly unjust people are temple-robbers, kidnappers, housebreakers, robbers, and thieves. But when someone, in addition to appropriating their possessions, kidnaps and enslaves the citizens as well…he is called happy and blessed” (344c). Therefore, in addition to “appropriating” a large-scale injustice is done when the person “kidnaps” the people that could punish him.
Using several examples, my intention is to first bring attention to the fact that black men are feared in public spaces and then demonstrate how the United States government uses fear as a form of social control of black males. Through the use of unjust laws and policies – namely the government’s role in the creation of poor black neighborhoods and their targeting black men during the war on drugs – the U.S. has been implementing racial inequality and creating stereotypes. As stereotypes about black men are created and perpetuated, innocent men are viewed as a threat and treated as
A functionalist studies society as a whole and with racial profiling in New York and other cities it causes a big dilemma. In order for there to be change the judicial branch needs to decide if random stop and frisk (mainly targeted towards minorities) is constitutional. Not only does it degrade that person but it also violates the person’s right of being treated with equality. The reason why cops racially profile black people or minorities is because of their material and non-material culture. When cops see a black man wearing a hoodie their minds are already wondering what is he up
Another issue that was mentioned in your speech was about police brutality. African Americans fear the knowledge that police brutality towards other African American victims is happening around them. Like you said, “We can never be satisfied as long as the Negro is the victim of the unspeakable horrors of police brutality.” Police brutality has gotten milder but it 's still out there and to be honest, you would like how the world turned out. Black lives truly did get much worse. Now the inability to speak out against injustice, fearing the fact that officers could get away with anything unlike before where voices were heard and feel free to speak
Racial profiling by law enforcement is commonly defined as “a practice that targets people for suspicion of crime based on their race, ethnicity, religion or national origin” (“Racial Profiling”). Racial profiling can be done because of stereotypes like “Blacks and Hispanics are more prone to crime” (Niller). However, that doesn’t mean that is alright for officers to “stop and search people” (“The Problem”) or shoot them because they look agitated. The power to stop and search is given by the fourth amendment requires that the police have a “reasonable suspicion that a crime has been, is being, or is about to be committed before stopping a suspect. If the police reasonably suspect the person is armed and dangerous, they may conduct a frisk, a quick pat-down of the person’s outer clothing” (“reasonable suspicion”).
He says that black men and boys and Latino men and boys in to many places get treated differently under the law. A growing research shows that people of color are more likely to be stopped, frisked, questioned, charred and detained. African Americans are more likely to be arrested and receive more time for the same crime. That our criminal justice system is as smart, keep as safe, and not as fair as it should. The mass incarceration is making our country worse.
Boo Radley is not the only victim of this, but also African Americans not only prejudice towards them but injustice was being done towards them. This can be seen with Tom Robinson’s court. When Atticus is asking Tom why he ran away from the scene and Tom points out “if you was [were] a nigger like me” anybody would be scared as well (222). His reason is spoken loud and clear easily to understand life for African Americans is not easy. Americans were not only unjust with him but also prejudice by claiming him being “‘Guilty...guilty…” even they knew he was not guilty but at the end to them he was still an African American (240).