During the nineteenth century the U.S was immersed in the era called the Industrial Revolution and there were many negative aspects that came with innovation. A combination of negative aspects of the industrial revolution including economic instability (Booms and Busts), job insecurity, and dangerous work conditions led to the creation of gatherings of workers called labor unions. This century was known for two main national labor unions, the Knights of Labor and the American Federation of Labor. The first national union was the Knights of Labor it was founded in 1869 by Uriah Stephens. The Knights of Labor were the first union to organize skilled, unskilled, men, women, white, and black workers. This organization peaked in prosperity when …show more content…
The war started with a Cuban revolt for independence against Spain. Popular yellow press circulated to the public that Spanish General Valeriano Weyler was committing atrocities and putting people in concentration camps. The press nicknamed him the “Butcher” and the stories generated a lot of sympathy for Cuba. The press also published a letter written by the Spanish Ambassador to the United States, Enrique Dupuy de Lôme, which criticized President William McKinley by calling him weak. To make matters worse the American battleship Maine was sunk by an explosion in Havana Harbor. Even though it was most likely an accident and not an attack, the American people still blamed the Spanish. President McKinley, who was originally weary about going to war, asked congress for the declaration of war against Spain. The US declared with the Teller Amendment that its purpose in the war was not to annex Cuba after but to support their struggle for freedom. There are not many battles in this war but many were a success for the United States and had very little casualties. On May 1, 1898, the US Navy under Admiral George Dewey defeated the Spanish Fleet in Manila Bay and took the Philippines. A very publicized battle took place in July at San Juan Hill in Cuba. This battle was known for including Theodore Roosevelt and his Rough Riders and made him a national hero. The war ended with the Treaty of Paris that gave the US the Philippines, Puerto Rico, and Guam. Cuba was recognized as an independent nation but was made to pass the Platt Amendment in their constitution. The Platt Amendment allowed the United States to intervene militarily whenever they saw fit. The outcome of this war led to the outbreak of the Philippine-American war, a longer and bloodier conflict. This war stirred up a lot of opinions about imperialism and whether the United States should participate in
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“Subsequent diplomatic failures to resolve the Maine matter, coupled with United States indignation over Spain’s brutal suppression of the Cuban rebellion and continued losses to American investment, led to the outbreak of the Spanish-American War in April 1898” (History 1). They were justified in doing this because many people were killed, it caused problems not just with them, but with families and it affected the country. “…killing 260 of the fewer than 400 American crew members aboard” (History 1). This took away opportunity for 260
The Knights of Labor was the first major American labor union created around 1871. It was configured by all productive laborers from the factories to fields, whose leader was Terence V. Powderly. Their goals were to adopt a system that could which will secure the labor job and involve the government to protecting the workers. In addition they were fighting to obtain 8 hour work day, graduated income tax, cooperatives.
The U.S. newspapers quickly shoved the blame onto Spain. American people all over the country wanted to declare war upon Spain. The Yellow Press made sure to make and use every opportunity they had to inflame the situation beyond proportion. It was led by William Randolph Hearst and Joseph Pulitzer. The two men were supported by hawkish senators and also the Assistant Secretary of the Navy, Theodore Roosevelt (Cavendish).
The Spanish-American war commenced with the Wilson- Gorman Tariff, 1894. The American tariff on sugar imports hurt the Cuba's economy that was manufactured sugar. Angry nationalists (insurrection) revolted against the Spanish Colonial regime. Therefore, Spain sent General Weyler to Cuba to deal with the situation.
In 1890 the U.S. went into war with spain for many reason for example. yellow journalism, imperialism and the sinking of the Maine is what caused the American population to want to go to war with Spain. yellow journalism is what got the rage in the american public. When the U.S.S. Maine was sunk word spread fast and the people were quick to blame the Spanish. Since the U.S had so many investments in Cuba it made one of the causes of the Spanish American War
Unions have been around for a long time. The first union was established in 1866 in the U.S. with the foundation of the National Labor Union or the NLU. The National Labor Union was created to persuade Congress to change laws. The NLU was against holding strikes and instead relied on political action to reach its goals. The NLU, made up of farmers, workers, and reformers, excluding African Americans and women, firstly wanted Congress to limit the work days to just eight hours, and it was able to make this change, but after this none of its other suggestions made it through.
In his fight for the island ’s freedom, Aguinaldo started a rebellion against the US army and soon enough the Philippine American war began. The instability in this island led to much debate over whether or not the annexation would benefit or detriment the Philippines.
Eventually, this led to US intervention in the Cuban War of Independence. At the start of the 20th century, an immense number immigrants flocked to America in hopes of achieving the American Dream so many wished to achieve. Unfortunately, with racism becoming such a prevalent issue in the nation, specifically towards African Americans, segregation and a belittling
An in depth analysis of the factors that led to the rise of labor unions in the United States only reveals that the basic need and the primary objective of the workering people was to secure economic and legal protection from their exploiting employers. The origins of the
Americans learned more about what happened during the Spanish American War through articles that exposed the violent tensions in Cuba. The Americans then felt the need that we should help Cuba against Spain. The Americans in power wanted to remain neutral, while the public wanted to go to war. The U.S. Maine was a battleship that was sent to Cuba to spy on them and understand the situation in person. While the ship was there, it mysteriously blew up, the blame was put on Spain for the explosion.
The Ultimate Success of the Labor Movement The United States’ industry boomed in the Market Revolution of the early 19th century as new means of transportation, new factories, and new technologies connected the population and transformed the States into a commercial nation. Industries boomed like never before and the working class grew steadily with the influx of immigrants and caused a shift from a rural to urban lifestyle. Rapid industrialization and a lack of workplace regulation in the Gilded Age led to little regard for factory conditions and safety and the division between the worker and employer widened. Labor unions grew increasingly popular with the formation of two influential unions in the 1880s, the Knights of Labor and the American
The imperialistic mentality of the American government after the Civil War, led to some degree to the Spanish-American war that would render a great acquisition of land for the United States. However, imperialism would not be the sole factor that led to the war against Spain, but also the sympathy felt by the American government towards Cuba’s efforts in fighting for their independence; additionally, the United States would seek to protect its commercial interests (sugar) in the island. Therefore, after invoking the Spanish to secede from their brutal practices towards Cuban rebels and attain a peaceful end to the situation, the United States arbitrarily sent a navy ship, “The USS Maine” to monitor the area.
During the Gilded age billionaires like Carnegie, Vanderbilt, and Rockefeller were earning massive profits off of the backs of cheap, underpaid labor. Working conditions in the late nineteenth century were terrible and the pay was even worse. Workers would work for 12 hour days in harsh dangerous conditions with no job security and no safety standards These employees would earn a bare minimum wage of one dollar a day for six days a week. Outraged workers wanted better conditions and better pay, so they formed unions like the Knights of Labor (KoL) and the American Federation of Labor (AFL). These unions fought for eight hour work days, better conditions, and better pay along with other topics.
the United States used propaganda targeting humanitarian concerns to incite the public to declare war. As Americans were interested in the Cuban Revolution, sensational journalism only raised tensions between the United States and the Spanish monarchy, which would help cause the war. While General Weyler
The United States of the early 20th century was one with a booming economy and a hunger for power. They had expanded westward and were looking to continue to expand their territory across the seas, in order to assert their dominance as a global superpower among the powerful nations of the time. The poor relations between Cubans and their Spanish rulers eventually led to the Treaty of Paris, which is when Spain surrendered the Philippines to the United States. It was at this point that another major divide between the American people was created. Many Americans believed that attempting to gain power over as many territories as possible was a bad idea and one that went against what America was built on.