Lacan's Definition Of The Truth In Literature

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Truth has a nominative definition. It means it is a combination of the knowledge of truth and what makes the truth. In other terms, we cannot know the truth if we do not know where it comes from and its reasons. At least, this is Kant’s definition .
Truth is a vast subject which has encountered several definitions through times, no matter if we rather take an interest in philosophy or in literature. In fact, those definitions always meet at some point and find their oppositions which are interesting and open to more questions and so, definitions. Freud, for example, says that the love that we have for the truth is our way to recognize the existence of truth . It underlines the link between truth and reality. We could wonder if one can go without the other. It is more or less how Lacan’s words are reused in the dictionnaire de la psychanalyse. When someone says « I’m lying », where is the boundary between the truth and reality? Because if that person says the truth, then he is lying and lying is not telling the truth. It is the same for the other way around. Paradoxically, Lacan also said that the act of lying and betrayal are not the perfect opposition of truth.
Truth can be linked to the realism literary movement. It is a matter of discourse and not of truth itself. “Realism is a type of discourse which tries to pretend to be another” . This quote is the key to understand what we are actually looking for when we seek truth in a book. Truth is nothing but a way to hide the
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