Lack Of Empathy Leads To An Imbalance Of Power: Former President Barack Obama had stated, “It’s the lack of empathy that makes it very easy for us to plunge into wars.” Obama infers that when people lose empathy, they lose the ability to understand others, which is a key emotion that helps people interact. His message connects to Marxism, a literary theory involving an imbalance of power. In the story “To Kill A Mockingbird” by Harper Lee, the characters’ experiences prove the reader of the significance a lack of empathy causes to the balance of power. An application of Marxism reveals that an imbalance of authoritative power is caused by a lack of empathy.
Boo Radley, a character who never comes out of his house and sounds as scary as his name portrays an important theme in Harper Lee’s classic To Kill A Mockingbird. The classic is rich with themes and inspires many people to learn from these themes. One of the main themes is developed by Tim Johnson, the pet of Maycomb, Tom Robinson, a black man convicted of rape, and Boo Radley. The theme these characters are developing is that it is a sin to hurt or kill something that is not harmful.
Boo Radley is a mysterious recluse who was known for being a delinquent as a teenager. Many people in Maycomb believed the fabrications made about Boo because he isolated himself, a predilection that was unacceptable in Maycomb (Lee 11). The town created a fictitious profile of Boo and misjudged him. In the beginning of the novel, Boo Radley was portrayed as a monster that sparked the interest of Scout and Jem as they made various attempts to try to get Boo to leave his house. As the novel progresses, Scout and Jem realized that “Boo Radley's stayed shut up in the house all this time … because he wants to stay inside" (Lee 304).
The novel, To Kill A Mockingbird, says, “Nobody knew what form of intimidation Mr. Radley employed to keep Boo out of sight, but Jem figured that Mr. Radley kept him chained to the bed most of the time” (Lee 11). In this scene Miss Stephanie Crawford, Scout and Jem Finch are talking about Boo Radley. From this line the reader can tell that Boo does not go out of the house and he is mysterious. Furthermore, when Scout, Jem, and Dill pretend to be Boo and stab his father, this helps the reader build Boo’s characterization that he is evil.
The more power a person has, the harder it is for that person to stay true to himself/herself and his/her friends. Having power over someone affects the person in control as much as the powerless person, as Mr. Douglass showed when he said that "Slavery proved as injurious to her as it did to
He saved Scout and Jem from Bob Ewell. The quote connects to the thesis because Boo did not leave his house for fifteen years, he put his own problem behind and the first time he left the house was to save them, that shows his innocents. As you can see, Boo Radley is a character who was just misjudged by society and he is actually very kind and innocent showing he is a Mockingbird. Another Mockingbird in the story is Tom Robinson, a man who does not do anything wrong, except have the wrong skin color in the city of Maycomb.
In the story Boo Radley plays the role of Scout and Jem’s guardian angel. He watches over them and helps them when they get into trouble. In the first chapters, the kids make fun of Boo, they taunt him. All they know about him is what they have heard, that he is a crazy man. Throughout the story though, Boo proves them wrong.
In the book To Kill A Mockingbird there are two kids named Scout and Jem. They have heard many stories and rumors about a boy named Boo Radley. The Radleys house is just a couple doors down from the Finches and the kids try to avoid it because “inside the house lived a malevolent phantom” (Lee 9) Boo has not been seen outside of his house in a very long time. Before Boo “locked” himself in his house he was friends with a group of troublemakers. They did not do much more than hang out, but one night they harassed a beadle and were arrested.
“Hypocrisy is the mother of all evil and racial prejudice is her favorite child” (Don King). In Harper Lee’s novel, To Kill A Mockingbird, a young girl named Scout is receiving a first hand experience of racism and its brutality. In Chapter 26, during school, Scout’s teacher, Mrs. Gates explains what a democracy is and how it differs from the events taking place in Germany with Hitler and the Jews. Using her biased opinion, Mrs. Gates shows Scout that the world can be a cruel place in more ways than one. During the scene, “Mrs. Gates,” Scout learns that hypocrisy exists in the most trusted through the character of Mrs. Gates, the internal conflict of Mrs. Gates and racism, and the settings of both the school and the Finch home.
Boo Radley, an innocent man who hasn’t been seen in years, is someone who is significantly affected by these stereotypes. This is displayed in the quote,“Inside the house lived a malevolent phantom. People said he existed, but Jem and I had never seen him” (Lee 9). Boo Radley is derived to be an evil person even though very few, if any, people have ever seen him. The people of Maycomb place stereotypes on him from stories and allow their imagination to make false accusations.
Boo Radley never harmed anyone, but was victimized by the social prejudice of the Maycomb community. Although not established until the end of the novel, Boo Radley is set up to be the last discovered symbolic character for the image of the mockingbird. Harper Lee has done this to illustrate all points of injustice in the 1930s societal town of Maycomb, where rumours and old tales define Boo's life story rather than his authentically generous heart and personality. During the concluding chapter of the novel, Scout comes to the realization that blaming Boo for Bob Ewell's death would be "sort of like shootin' a mockingbird." Boo does many kind-hearted things in the novel such as leaving gifts in the knot-hole for Scout and Jem, repairing Jem's pants, putting the blanket on Scout discretely in order to keep her warm, and even saving them from the evil Bob Ewell.
When one rises, one must also fall. Humans are a power hungry species, always striving for control and dominance. However, that power is not always easily accessible, yet humans are determined to get access to that power no matter what or who has to be sacrificed. If one has that power, another is willing to commit anything to get a hold of that said power. In Section II of The Metamorphosis by Franz Kafka, Kafka demonstrates how the shift in power from one person to another affects everyone’s social standing.
Friedrich Nietzsche presents several ideas on the concept of power and what humans do with it in his work “On the Doctrine of the Feeling of Power.” Such ideas can also be found interspersed into the personalities of characters in Nancy Farmer’s book The House of the Scorpion. We conceive power as a person’s ability to have others do what he wants, and Nietzsche highlights this points in various parts of his text. Having power is not bad, but people do not always use theirs for good. Finally, aspects of Nietzsche’s ideas run through each person’s individual everyday life.
When power is given to a person, it can change them negatively by creating an selfish and ungrateful ego. Many people who obtain authority and dominance become pompous and their superiority begins to feed their self-esteem. The lesson of power changing people is proven throughout history and is displayed in many novels and movies where the majority of citizens see power as money, and money as success. Having the mindset that being powerful leads to success causes them to under appreciate their lives and not see the goals they’ve accomplished as successes.
In today 's world, the moral values of your culture are reflective of who has power over you. Power is the ability to control or influence someone 's behavior and actions directly. No matter your religious views or family reputation, power can be twisted and abused at your own discretion. In both The Kite Runner and Les Miserables, power is determined by ranking of social class and how you are viewed in that society.