accelerated plant resistance to pathogen attack (Harman, 2004a). they stimulate the induction of resistance mechanisms much like the hypersensitive response (HR), systemic acquired resistance (SAR), and induced systemic resistance (ISR) in plants (Benitez et al., 2004; Vinale et al., 2008). In a study of cucumber plants, T. asperellum induced a systemic response of two defence genes encoding phenylalanine and hydroperoxidase lyase and systemic accumulation of phytoalexins against Pseudomonas syringae pv. lachrymans (Yedidia et al., 2003). Harman et al., (2004a) reported that the induction of localized or systemic resistance is a critical issue for plant disease control by Trichoderma spp.
theoretically correct ratio of air and fuel which gives complete combustion) to decide lean limit and rich limit. Equivalence ratio (Phi) is the ratio of actual air-fuel ratio to the stoichiometric air-fuel ratio (i.e. ratio is calculated per mass basis to get correct results). To get a better stable flame conditions lean limit should be highest and rich limit should be lowest. Highest lean limit and lowest rich limit can be achieved by recirculation of the heat from products to reactants [3, 11].
The authors reported that the same factor also partially promotes the formation of distromatic thalli of U. pertusa and other Ulva species, highlighting the potentially important role of thallusin for the normal development of green macroalgae. Pure thallusin strongly induced the differentiation of M. oxyspermum, even at very low effective concentrations between 1 fg mL-1 and 1 ag mL-1 (Matsuo et al., 2005; Gao et al., 2006). Although thallusin can be obtained from bacterial cultivations, Nishizawa et al. (2007) undertook the total syntheses of (±)-thallusin and its analogues to allow a detailed examination of thallusin’s biological activity. Whereas the compound
foenum graecum Plant part used Bacterial Species Fungal Species E.coli P.aeruginosa A.niger R.stolonifer IZ AI IZ AI IZ AI IZ AI Leaf 20.0 0.734 15.00 0.62 9.11 0.33 9.11 0.500 Stem NA NA NA NA Fruit 17.00 0.624 22.20 0.92 11.11 0.411 19.11 1.04 Abbreviation: IZ = Inhibition zone (mm); AI = Activity index; Control = Streptomycin (B) and Clotrimazole (F) Antibacterial and antifungal activity of methanol extract of. T. foenum graecum Escherichia coli Psudomonas aerugonosia Aspergillus niger Rhizopus stonifer Various stages of callus cultures with respect to time 2WK 4WK 6WK 8WK
Evaluation of Some Probiotics on Growth Performance and Immunity Status of Nile Tilapia. Sherif, A. H., 1 Saker, O. A.2 and El-Sharawy, M. E.3 1- Department of fish disease, Animal health research institute. Kafr El- Sheikh provincial lab, agriculture research center. 2- Department of biochemistry, Animal health research institute. Kafr El- Sheikh 3- Department of animal production, Faculty of agriculture, Kafrelsheikh University.
Kavita Munjal Department of Pharmacognosy, ISFcollege of Pharmacy, Moga, Punjab, India * firstname.lastname@example.org ISF College of Pharmacy, Moga, Punjab, India ABSTRACT Background: Propionibacterium acnes (P. acnes) are a commensal anaerobic, Gram positive bacterium that belongs to the normal microflora. P. acnes plays an important role in the pathogenesis of various skin infections and diseases. But the available agents are associated with number of side effects and P. acnes show the genetic base of antibacterial resistance against erythromycin and clindamycin. Therefore, alternative natural approaches for the treatment are needed for alleviation of infection caused by P. acnes. Objective: To find out the most effective anti P. acne extract amongst the selected four plants, commonly used for anti-acne potential and to obtain the characterized fraction of the extract with highest anti P. acne potential.
Lactobacilli are lactic acid bacteria, an anaerobic / microaerophilic, non-sporulation, low in G+C content gram-positive bacteria which belong to the phylum Firmicutes . Lactobacillus colonizes the human gut and confers various health benefits to humans. Lactobacillus acidophilus NCFM (North Carolina Food Microbiology) strain is marketed as probiotic microbe which is routinely used in dietary supplements and fermented dairy products . L. acidophilus is naturally occurring bacteria in human gut, intestines, mouth or female genitals. The clinical applications of L. acidophilus includes prevention of antibiotic associated diarrhea , treatment for allergies , as an antagonist against Campylobacter jejuni  and enteroaggregative Escherichia
To satisfy the objectives of the project. Laboratory experiments were conducted in order to generate data that was used to validate certain assumptions about the oil yield and composition. The process modeling portion was initiated by defining the amount of resources required for algal biodiesel production; selection of appropriate processing technologies was then carried out . Algal strains and culture conditions Freshwater microalgal strains (C. Oblonga 11-60a) were obtained from the Sammlung von Algenkulturen Göttingen Culture Collection of Algae (SAG) Germany . Figure-4: Microscopic views of Chlamydomonas oblonga at 400X Media Preparation The following media have proved suitable for the maintenance of cultures in test tubes at the SAG for many years.
PHYTOCHEMICAL SCREENING AND ANTI BACTERIAL AND ANTIFUNGAL ACTIVITY OF STEM OF GARDENIA ULIGINOSA G. Sandhyarani1*, K. Praveen Kumar2 Post doctoral fellow .ucpsc,Kakatiya university,Hanamkonda, Corresponding Author: email@example.com Ph no.8897474898 ABSTRACT In the Indian system of medicine Gardenia uliginosa is a potent medicinal plant. Gardenia uliginosa were studied for their Anti bacterial activity againstCandida albicans in the present study the aquous ,ethnolic,chloroform and petroleum ether extract of the.It was observed that the ethnolic extract and petroleum ether extract showed significant activity whare as aquoes extractshowed very less activity did not showed any activity against the tested fungal strain. Key words:
The company wants to improve people bowels health and prevent disease so they investigated lactic acid bacteria beverage to make everyone healthy and happy (Yakult Hong Kong, 2014). HK Yakult products are included Yakult , Yakult LT and Guava’s leaf tea. The following I will select Yakult LT’s promotional campaign 2014 for further discussion. B. The Description of Recent Promotional Campaign of Campbell Soup: To promote Yakult LT, HK Yakult launched a new promotional campaign recently which is the company new product, released in 2011.