Lag Affecting Children

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Many factors influence what is called lagging in children. Children who lag behind tend to fall short on their physical as well as psychological growth. The following factors explain the cause and effects on children exposed to certain factors which cause their poor development.

• Effect of television on children: Some studies suggest that children, specifically in their early years, who are exposed to too much tv learn to talk slowly. Their language development is slow. Babies are often exposed to tv from their early years as a distraction and some time-off for the mother. But it has deterred mental effects on intelligence.
TV is linked with slower language
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When the cause of a child's delay is identified, the pediatrician and family know better what to expect, and the child can begin to receive appropriate treatment and support. If the problem is a genetic disorder, then parents may seek genetic counseling regarding their decision on having additional children.
Between the ages of 12 and 30 months, a child begins to strike out independently from a secure base of trust set up with the primary caregiver during the first year. As toddlers learn to walk, there is access to new territory. Boundless energy and insatiable curiosity drives the child to explore the environment and master new skills. Increased motor skills, immaturity, and lack of experience also place the toddler at risk for accidental injury. Children with developmental delays may tend to be more reserved and less adventuresome. They may tend not to explore their environment or take risks in
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Toddlers' egocentric and demanding behavior, often marked by temper tantrums and negativism, has given this period a negative reputation. However, toddlers who do not evince this challenging behavior may be delayed. Dramatic growth of language and cognitive skills during the second year enables the healthy toddler to think and solve problems for the first time. For the child who is not progressing in language skills, developmental delays are readily identities.

• The impact of poverty
Poverty is a big factor when it comes to physical and psychological growth. Poverty effects the physical health of the child first, then, as a result of deprived nutrition, mental development is impaired.
• Poverty is also associated with a higher risk of both illness and premature death
• Children born in the poorest areas of the UK weigh, on average, 200 grams less at birth than those born in the richest areas.
• Children from low income families are more likely to die at birth or in infancy than children born into richer families.
• They are more likely to suffer chronic illness during childhood or to have a disability.
• Poorer health over the course of a lifetime has an impact on life expectancy: professionals live, on average, 8 years longer than unskilled
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