After winning seven consecutive Tour De France titles, he decided to retire from cycling in the summer 2005. After retirement Lance popularity continued to rise, that was until a drug test was done in late 2005 on the urine of the 1999 Tour De France athletes. The results that came back ended up making waves in the cycling industry, and shocked the
He sacrificed his body through intense training, and even used morally questionable performance-enhancing substances. He had reason to regret his decisions because he was stripped of all of his Tour de France victories because of his substance use. Armstrong claimed that “all two hundred guys that started that race broke the rules. We all would have lied. You would have lied” (Macur, 2014).
Yet, a notable person who overcame these obstacles and made the most out of his experiences was Malcolm X. He made a dramatic change not only in American history but in African American rights. From the beginning of Malcolm X’s life he saw the injustices in the country of America, he was only a kid innocent to the world around him. His father was supposedly killed in a car accident, but Malcolm and his family believe that he was murdered by the Black Legion, which was a group of white racist. Even worse the officials claimed that his father had committed suicide, which prevented his family from inheriting the life insurance money.
It would later be known the assailant was hired by Harding’s ex-husband, Jeff Gillooly. With Kerrigan injured, Harding was able to secure gold at the championships and a spot at the Olympics. The attack rattled the figure skating world and attracted international attention, as many people believed Tonya Harding had attempted to sabotage her teammate to ensure her own success at the Olympics. It could be said, like Macbeth, Harding had disturbed the natural order of the international figure skating world; nothing like this had ever happened before and it changed the sport’s image forever. Harding later pleaded guilty to conspiring to hinder the prosecution, during the federal criminal investigation.
Athlete, Trailblazer Sprinter, role model, are three words that make up James Cleveland Owens. Many people know that James Cleveland Owens was an Olympic Hero by being brave enough to go against Adolf Hitler but he was much more. As a well known athlete. James Cleveland Owens proved to Americans that anybody with any skin color can win an Olympic medal. He has left a long lasting legacy as an African American Olympic Hero.
History remembers Jesse Owens not only because he won four gold medals, but because he discredited the dictator, Adolf Hitler. By doing so, Owens proved that race does not distinguish a person from another; rather, one must thrive on individual excellence and accomplishment. Before obtaining many achievements in the Olympics, Jesse Owens achieved many great accomplishments in his
Absolutists believe what is “right” is always right and what is “wrong” is always wrong; however, relativists accept that what is right or wrong is considered right or wrong depending on the individuals, groups, societies or cultures. Based on relativism’s view, “those acts approved of by society are good; those that are socially frowned on being bad” (Shafer-Landau, 2010, p. 183). They think we should not judge a society that favors the raping of young girls or women. If such action is socially approved in that particular society, it is a good thing (Shafer-Landau, 2010, p. 183). Even if a widely supported norm will be catastrophic to a society, it is the appropriate thing to do if it is socially accepted.
“Armstrong began his career as a professional cyclist with the Motorola team” (“Lance”). Armstrong was later stripped of all his titles and banned for life when it was discovered that he had been using PEDs for the majority of his cycling career. When an athlete as well known and accomplished as Lance Armstrong is found to have been using performance-enhancing drugs to perform at such a high level, it reflects back on the sport in a negative way. Cycling having to admit that one of the most successful athletes to ever participate in the sport is a fraud was a big let down for the
By following such narcissistic reasoning they have failed to be compliant with their moral values; however, there are others that believe that the moral thing to do is to sacrifice ourselves. So it seems that those who deny the moral permissibility of torture, in such cases, are conceding to the moral permissibility of killing. The argument is based on the following premises: 1-Torture is necessary to protect the people. 2-It is in the people’s interest to take moral precedence over others’ interests. 3-Hence, it is morally permissible to go forward with torture.
Consequentialism asserts that the ends justify the means or that if the results are good then the actions taken to obtain the result is irrelevant. In contrast, Deontology states that actions that are based on a moral code are moral even if their results are detrimental. The worst examples of ambition fall to closely to these two categories. The South Sea Bubble aligns with Consequentialism. Mccarthys direct actions against communism were based on a moral code however the entire situation was immoral.
Historical Over the centuries of Olympic Games and high performance sporting events there has been many cases of doping, but there has been none as long running and well-hidden as Lance Armstrong’s doping case which has had a major impact on drug in sport. Lance Armstrong was seen as the world’s best road cyclist, winning the Tour De France seven consecutive times from 1999-2005. However from his first win in 1999 there had been allegations that he was using drugs to enhance his perform and win the Tour De France, but every one of these allegations was denied with Lance Armstrong saying that “He (Michael Ferrari, his training at the time) had never suggested, prescribed or provided me with any performance-enhancing drugs.” (18) His training
Before the incident, Armstrong overcame life threatening cancer, so when he kept winning the Tour de France and making millions of dollars, everyone thought that he could overcome anything. After that people found out that he was cheating at the sport of
These victories were revoked in 2012, when the United States Anti-Doping Agency concluded an investigation regarding allegations that Armstrong abused performance enhancing drugs throughout his career. The USADA banned him from competing in sports that follow the agency’s standards, thus ending his athletic career. In January 2013, Lance Armstrong admitted to Oprah Winfrey in a live television interview that he used performance enhancing drugs from the mid-1990s up through his 2005 Tour de France victory. When asked to describe his doping process, Armstrong said: “You had things that were oxygen boosting drugs – for lack of a better word or way to describe it – that were incredibly beneficial for performance or endurance sports, whether it’s cycling or running or whatever. And that’s all you needed.
Every year there are always a few major scandals in the world of professional sports regarding steroid use. One major instance of steroid abuse was when championship cyclist Lance Armstrong tested positive for performance enhancing drugs. Cases like these are constantly coming to the media’s attention. Some commentators, such as Stefan Kanfer, a cultural writer for the New Leader, argues in his article, “The Trouble with $port$,” that the use of steroids in professional athletics is not only detrimental to the athlete but negatively impacts and influences fans of the sport. According to major leaguer Jose Canseco, who played on seven different teams, there was a widespread use of steroids wherever he worked; clearly the use of steroids has
After denying that he used steroids for many years, Armstrong finally admitted to using performance-enhancing drugs to help him win his Tour de France titles. After admitting to using the drugs he was stripped of his seven Tour de France titles. He also had to give back the bronze medal he won in 2000 (Wilson). However, Armstrong wasn’t the only one stripped of their titles as cyclist Floyd Landis failed a drug test and his 2006 Tour de France title was taken away (Wilson). This stripping of titles supports the idea that using steroids is cheating and that the accomplishments of steroid users should be undermined or taken