Land Development In Africa

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Land is a primary resource that men and women depend on for their livelihood (Mudenda, 2006). From generations to generations, land has been hailed as the greatest resource and indeed the backbone of wealth in many African communities, whether urban or rural (Ibid). Land is the focal point of economic growth poverty eradication and the general improvement of livelihoods (Ibid). To the investor, land has been the basis of wealth; to the farmer, a basis of production and down to the ordinary man, a source of pride (Ibid). Land in Africa is a subject that can be traced to as far as the 1950s and 1960s and yet it is still one of the topical issues and a top agenda item at many global forums especially those hinging on development in sub-Sahara…show more content…
Economic development issues concerning land tenure are often related to the concept of land reforms (Ibid). Adams et al (1999) defined land reforms as a planned change in terms and conditions on which land is held, used and transacted. Warriner (1969) also defined it as the redistribution of property or rights in land for the benefit of the landless, tenants and farm labourers. Further Bruce (1993) defined it as a government measure undertaken to redistribute land holdings. El-Ghonemy (2003); Lipton (1993) went further by defining it has a commonly used reference to colonization programs on publicly owned land, land registration, consolidation of fragmented holdings, tenancy improvement, and land taxation in addition to…show more content…
However from the 1980s, land reform approaches have been dominant (Ibid). The rationale is that this would lead to rural economic growth through sustainable individual use of land resources, good governance and promotion of rural land markets (Pilipinas, 2002) Proponents of the approach argues that the recognition of property rights will reduce poverty and reduce the problem of capital accumulation in developing countries (Ibid). The hope that rural people will be able to loan, rent or even sell their land in terms of hardship and have financial security is the basis of the land reforms (Plateau, 19992). Deiniger (1997) observed that in the times of economic growth through reforms, the income of the poorest section of society also tend to improve. Even where the growth does not directly affect the poor, it can do so indirectly, for instance through improved provision of rural services, employment or safety nets, the poor will be able to mortgage their property and thereby unlock their hidden capital assets (Quan,

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