Land Management In South Kalimantan

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This paper uses qualitative descriptive approach. Data collection techniques in this paper use the literature review from a variety of literature which is relevant to the discussion in this paper.
3.1 Local Wisdom Agriculture System
The local wisdom of the community for the agricultural sector in Indonesia is the wisdom in managing agricultural land and crops. Rice ups and downs have long been known in the area of the river and the estuary of the river. One of the areas that have long been acquainted with the agricultural technology is South Kalimantan. Basically, an ethnic group who inhabit the southern part of Kalimantan have long been acquainted with the agricultural system which makes use of peat and bogs.
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Farming rice fields can be found in the area of the river and the estuary of the river. This area is fertile agricultural land that is affected by the tidal waters of the river. Rice paddy agriculture in South Kalimantan concentrated along the banks of the River, both major rivers such as the Barito River or smaller like Amanda and Martapura, while agricultural fields can be found in the hilly area Meratus.
Based on the types of land management, agriculture in South Kalimantan is divided into two, namely, subsistence farming and commercial agriculture. Subsistence farming is traditional farming techniques which are still using simple equipment in land management are moving to meet the needs of the limited. While commercial agriculture is the land management are already using its advanced agricultural technology to seek optimal results in order to be sold.
Dayak Tribe knows some natural marks are used to identify the entry of the dry season and rainy season. With the known beginning of the dry season and the rainy season, then Dayak tribe can take into account the time to plant and harvest the rice. The following is a portion of the sign used by Dayak tribes to start planting and harvest season as described by Tjilik Riwut (1993:298) in his book titled "Natural and cultural Building of
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Therefore, it becomes very important in irrigation farming in paddy fields. Views from the source irrigation, a farm in South Kalimantan is divided into two irrigation sources originating from the Western monsoon rainfall and river flow caused by monsoon East. Linblad (2012:23) explained that the agricultural zone in South Kalimantan along the Valley of the river Barito outside can be divided into four parts, namely:
a. lowland and Hill in the Upper Village (Puruk Cahu even on top and a narrow Southland stretching from the Cape and Barabai to-Banjarbaru, Pelaihari and Martapura. In this zone, we will find the dry fields in a higher position and monsoon paddy fields underneath,
b. lake area around and North of Buntuk River (Amuntai) with the Western monsoon paddy fields in the periphery of higher river and monsoon paddy fields in an area of bushes,
c. the area of the bushes that covered the hamlet of Ilir Barito, central area in the eastern part of the sea runs toward the upper reaches of the river and also Tabanio in South (near-Banjarbaru Pelaihari), and
d. coastal areas in the South, Ilir Barito, southwest of the River Upstream, and the neighbouring areas of Banjarmasin Marabahan. Monsoon paddy fields in the area are spread out

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