Land Problems In Developing Countries

1200 Words5 Pages
The “land question” has been central in the agricultural development of most countries of the world throughout history because it is almost impossible to think agriculture without land (FAO, 2009). Land has been the major source of livelihood for rural households especially in developing countries, but its distribution has been often inequitable because it was implemented through coercion by a class of rulers and colonial powers (Binswager et al., 1995). The unequal distribution of farm-land together with the prevalence of imperfect rural factor markets in developing countries often results in inefficient utilization of farmland (Deininger et al., 2004). The problems of increased landlessness, land inequality, and inefficient utilization of farmland has been triggering governments of developing countries to implement land reforms, such as the redistribution of land from the landed farmers to the landless and to those who own tiny land, to achieve more efficient utilization of farmland, higher asset bases for the poor, and consequently a reduction in poverty (FAO, 2009). Compared to other land reforms, such as tenancy reforms, large scale redistributive land reforms could have larger effects on poverty reduction (Besley and Burgess, 1998). The numbers of developing countries that managed to conduct comprehensive redistributive land reforms have been, however, a few because of political resistance by landed classes (FAO, 2006). The fact that there have been very few
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