One of the core beliefs in the Expressive Arts Therapy was the non-verbal connections between all art modalities. By moving between art forms through connection in the creative process, it enabled one to heighten and intensify their inner journey (Rogers, 1993). On top of the verbal communication in therapy, Expressive Arts Therapy also believed in the expressive power of arts. The modern society often treated art-making as a skill-required activity and critical judgement were given to the artworks and the artists. Instead of focusing on the artistic skills, Expressive Arts Therapy emphasized on the expression from the artworks and the insights gained by the clients in the creative process.
It is “language” in the broadest sense, language working in the world & including those who make language as well as that of which language is made. It is important to note, then, that we (as conventional beings) are embodied by cultural metaphor. We are metaphoric creatures, created by culture. On the other hand, we (as creative cultural beings) embody our cultural metaphors. As artists, scientists, mystics, we make & re-make those metaphors & thus society
First, there are those who work from a more general definition of culture. For example, Leistyna defines cultural activists as those who 'recognize how material conditions, politics, and culture are interlaced and how subordination, resistance, and opposition take place in both the physical and symbolic realm' . Whereas Swidler sees culture as a 'toolkit' that activists can use which 'consists of such symbolic vehicles of meaning, including belief, ritual practices, art forms, and ceremonies, as well as informal culture practices such as language, gossip, stories, and rituals of daily life' . Similarly, Yúdice sees cultural activism as that which uses broadly defined cultural practices 'in the pursuit of social justice' . These definitions of culture are wide-ranging, which can make them harder to study as specific or individual
CONCLUSION These examples show us how symbols with pre-determined meanings and purposes can be used to layer meaning in new works by bringing with it, its own connotations and opinions. Although the line between appropriation and stealing is thin, it is an effective cross-cultural tool to create meaning in a
The art that they produce lead us to better understanding the mindset behind the work. It leads us to ask certain questions about the established values of art. We could ask ourselves why something has to be unique or limited in quantity to be qualified
Gloria Naylor, in her essay, “The meaning of a word” describes language as a subject. We know subject is anything that is generally discussed or dealt with. So Naylor wants to say the language is a thing where it has lots of meaning and perceptions. She writes her own personal experience clarifying how a language could be misleading and misinterpreted. She writes her own experience and tries to convince the readers about different forms of a word.
The use of language is always manipulated to convey a goal of the speaker in order to have an effect on the hearer. Personification is a linguistic figure that is based on describing a word with the use of another word that in other contexts would be a word that is used to define a person. The use of the word that is defining a person-like quality or action should define a word that is normally not associated with a person-like attribute or action. Personifications arouse our attitudes, feelings and beliefs about a given subject. The typical reasoning for using personifications is “either to arouse empathy for a social group, ideology or belief evaluated as heroic, or to arouse opposition towards a social group, ideology or belief that is evaluated
Phonological rules is how we uses the sounds to form words, Pragmatic rules helps us uses interpretation of a message. Semantic rule helps us to better understand meanings of individual words. Syntactic rule helps us arrange the symbols. In the chapter talks about how language can have an effect on our perception. There are two different approaches that represent the language and gender debates major differences and minimal differences.
Based on what Bennet Reimer (1989) said, the experiences most people have with art testify to the existence of feeling but feeling as somehow different from the emotions outside art. And to teach either by externalizing emotion from the artistic context in which it arises or by ignoring the existence of feeling, seems to miss the point of art’s peculiar emotional appeal. According to the Referentialist, musical sounds are conventional symbols in that they have meanings which can be agreed upon and which can be translated into other symbols such as words. The meaning of musical sounds, then, can be stated in words. Of course, musical sounds can also be translated into notation, but no one.
What is talk/text? & why we are talking? Talk means to say words aloud in order to express thoughts, feelings, opinions, etc. People are talking with others to find something out or to persuade somebody to do something or to build relationship. To talk in any language, you have to know the words sounds for that particular language & to read/write any text for the same language, you have to know the visual or other symbols.
All in all the idea of written language and art are just one idea that express in two different ways yet both ideas can have its own benefit. Visual art however can be more universal than written language. By having "Judgment of Hunefer before Osiris" in the art history text book is crucial because the roots of written language can help students or anyone to communicate and learn . The symbol in the art work has meanings and without reading the description one can defineity will get a hint of what is going on in the art