One writer of the Harlem Renaissance was Langston Hughes.Hughes cast off the influences of white poets and and used blues and jazz to write his poems. Claude Mckay urged African Americans to stand up for their rights in his work. Jean Toomer wrote plays,short stories, and poems to capture the spirit of his times. Zora Neale Hurston was noticed quickly with her moving novel, “THEIR EYES WERE WATCHING GOD”. In conclusion these were some of the people that changed African American traditions for the better.
According to, poets.org, Hughes was born James Langston Hughes, February 1, 1902 in Joplin, Missouri. Langston Hughes, both mother and father divorced while he was a young child forcing him to relocate with his father to Mexico. His grandmother raised Hughes until the age of thirteen, when he relocated once again to Lincoln, Illinois, to live with his mother and husband who would ultimately settle once and for all in Cleveland, Ohio. While Hughes was living in Ohio he began writing poetry. Hughes citied Paul Lawrence Dunbar, Carl Sandburg, and Walt Whitman as some of his main inspirations.
In all, there were 27 novels written by Harlem Renaissance writers. The notable scholars during the “The Harlem Renaissance,” were Booker T. Washington and W.E.B Du Bois who became notable leaders representing a perspective of African American life, social and economic inequalities. Booker T. and W.E.B. DuBois were rival scholars, because each of them had opposite ideas for Black Americans on how they must survive and overcome the conflict of color between Blacks and Whites in the American Society. Poetry was a major part of the Harlem Renaissance, because it tells different stories of black culture in African American literature.
Born on February 1, 1902 and raised in New York City very own Harlem, Hughes would prove to be one of the most significant writers and thinkers of the Harlem Renaissance. In 1926 Hughes published one of his many symbolic poems Weary Blues. The Weary Blues is a poem that was able to fuse together poetry, jazz and blues which describes one of the distinctive characteristics of the “New Negro” of the Harlem Renaissance. The Weary Blues portrays the overcrowded conditions and employment difficulties blacks faced in Harlem. Those who suffered from ambiguity because of lack of monetary resources and basic luxuries: In a deep song voice with a melancholy
The Harlem Renaissance, or the New Negro Movement as it was known at the time, was an intellectual, artistic, and social outpouring that celebrated black culture with themes of what it meant to be black in America. This movement lasted from the 1920s through the 1930s and included artists and intellectuals such as Langston Hughes, W.E.B. DuBois, and Duke Ellington. The Harlem Renaissance went beyond art, literature, and music, there were also political, social, and economic aspects as African-Americans questioned how the United States viewed them and how they viewed themselves. The New Negro and the rise of Harlem came about at a time when African-Americans began to urbanize and form a unique urban culture.
Hughes achieves this by mentioning how dreams of opportunity and equality do not belong to him because of his race. Hughes brings attention to the black inequality in this poem, and brought a new idea to african americans in the year of 1936. Hughes mentions the previous acts against slaves as well, which infuses emotions into the reader towards the discriminated group. This poem ties into black history month because the poem emphasises on the history of the african american culture in America, and depicts the emotions of the slaves at the
The majority of Blacks have settled in Harlem. Among them musicians, writers, critics, etc. Harlem became the source of intellectuals and one of the greatest literary centers of all talents. Focused on the Harlem locale of New York City, the Harlem Renaissance was a piece of an across the country urban insurgency started by World War I (1914-18). The social upheaval, which took after the emotional flood of Southern blacks into Northern urban communities amid and after the war (the supposed Great Migration), brought the open deliberation over racial personality
The Jim Crow laws enforced racial segregation where ninety percent of black Americans lived. This gave black people hope for a new better life in the Northern states where those laws weren’t enforced. This renaissance was a cultural party that helped expose black writers, musicians, poets, artists, etc. This changed the culture forever and the talent started to spillover within the black community. Art was pushed to its limits and was a form of a statement and representation.
The term Harlem Renaissance “ is a reference to the literary movement” (Jimoh 4) that deeply affected America’s culture . The Harlem Renaissance, originally called the New Negro Movement, created the most influential movement in African American literary history. The term “New Negro” characterized outspoken African Americans and their refusal to follow Jim Crow racial segregation laws. Harlem became a big African American town after the Great Migration. The Great Migration occurred when African Americans left rural South for the urban North.
After enduring centuries of slavery, African Americans began a movement that spanned the 1920’s into the mid-1930s. The Harlem Renaissance was the literacy, intellectual, and artistic movement that kindled a new African American cultural identity. Writers and actors such as the most prolific, Langston Hughes, Claude McKay, and Jean Toomer casted off of the influences of white poets, jazz, short stories and poems to move the black culture by urging African Americans to stand up for their rights in their powerful arts. 6. “The Tuskegee Machine” was a secretive system of patronage designed to promote political and social programs for African Americans.