The Monitor Hypothesis is an aspect of the second process. Krashen, furthermore, claimed that “fluency is second language performance is due to what we have acquired, not what we have learned.” Therefore, learners should try to acquire as much communicative fluency before falling into the rigid rules of learning, and before they become aware and too conscious of the learning process. Cohen and Robbins described Eva, a Monitor user, who made the following statement: “ Sometimes I would write something the way I speak it. I say a word in a careless way, but whenever I go over something and take my time, then the rules come to my mind.” This statement fits with the vocabulary of the Monitor Model. The Monitor user focuses on the form of his/her utterances, whereas ordinary casual speech is usually unmonitored.
Commonly, natural law is associated with the "laws of nature", indicating the order which naturally directs the changes and alterations of the material and physical universe. Even though the concept of "laws of nature" is quite near, its complete ethical purpose is a course for God 's rule in every essence of human nature. In accordance with St. Thomas definition, the natural law is "nothing else that the rational creature’s participation in the Eternal Law" ("SUMMA THEOLOGIAE: The Various Kinds Of Law (Prima Secundae Partis, Q. 91)"). However, it is vital to mention that the natural law is not "necessary" to follow by men.
Language acquirers are not usually conscious of the fact that they are acquiring language, but the aye only aware of the fact that they are using the language for communication. The stages of language acquisition is approached by two stages language acquisition that ; first language acquisition ( native language development ) and second language acquisition. 1. Stages of First Language Acquisition Babling Stage In this stage, we make speech sounds in and out of mother (native) language, moreover we also able to discriminate speech sound. - 0 – 2 months, baby accomplish crying, in this stage baby will cry to express hunger and discomfort.
In the book “Study of language” Yule (2010) acquisition is defined as “the gradual development of ability in a language by using it naturally in communicative situations with others who know the language.” (p.187). In other words, acquisition is a process where the learner get a language in a natural way without any specific teaching method. This process is similar to the way a child acquires the first language. The learner's need for a constant use of the target language as the only way of communicating leads to a natural understanding of the messages and subsequently the acquisition. This process occurs in a natural manner, free from either rule or guidance involved.
Finally, the vast majority of individuals acquire a first language, but not everyone obtains a second one. The acquisition of a first language happens naturally, as it is an innate process on the other hand, acquiring L2 more often than not requires determination, motivation, will and most importantly effort on the part of the learner. In conclusion, notwithstanding the fact that there are similarities as well as disparities between L1 and L2 acquisition, linguists and scholars have agreed on the following.L1 acquisition is considered to be a natural process in the life of an individual, as it needs to be taken into account that it is indeed an innate procedure and it happens to everyone irrespective of their cultural background. L2 acquisition, although it is not an inherent process it can voluntarily become a part of an individual’s language attainment, hence many people know two or more than two different languages than their mother
Abstract: This paper is about the link between innateness and language acquisition.On the one hand, innateness is the genetic ability of human beings to acquire language. That is, humans are born with a genetic capacity to acquire any language they are exposed to. On the other hand, language acquisition is the process of getting the language unconsciously through communicating with people in a society. This paper presents some ideas about innateness, language acquisition, mentalism, lateralization, environment and some more important opinions of scholars in this respect. 1.
The acquisition of the first language differs in a number of ways from that in second language, because the speaker focuses only on one linguistic system but in second language focuses on two linguistic systems, so the acquisition of first language is natural process as well the acquisition of second language is learning process. Error analysis was established in 1970 as an alternative to contrastive analysis, error analysis can be considered as an approach in linguistics to find out the difficulties in acquisition of second language, that is why it can be considered as one of the most important elements or instruments in the process of teaching English in all Arab schools and universities. In Corder (1967:167) argues that "the learner 's errors are significant in that they provide to the researcher evidence of how language is learned or acquired" means that the errors have
Someone with second language acquisition is becomes able to use one or more language different from first language. This ability can start at adult or childhood. Age is one of the important factors affecting the process of a second language acquisition. Research related this subject has emphasized two major of language acquisition. These; the younger is better and the older is better.
Over the past fifty years, research into the acquisition of a second language has progressed. The research has gone against the traditional belief that our students can learn and master a second language through drills, grammar practice, metacognition and other forms of measured output practice. Contrary to these beliefs, the aforementioned practices do not aid children in learning a language. In today’s schools, more and more teachers are beginning to follow on the footsteps of new research and change the way they teach so that they can set their students up for prosperity when it comes to learning their second language. The style of teaching that teachers have found to help students learn their second langauge is modeled after Stephen Krashen’s Theory of Second Language Acquisition, which states that students learn more about a language when they learn less about grammar rules, and more about the language itself.
The first question tries to identify what second language learners acquire. In other words, there is an attempt to describe what learners come to know. In order to answer this question, there is a collection of learner's samples so as to see their production. The aim of this corpus is merely