Language acquirers are not usually conscious of the fact that they are acquiring language, but the aye only aware of the fact that they are using the language for communication. The stages of language acquisition is approached by two stages language acquisition that ; first language acquisition ( native language development ) and second language acquisition. 1. Stages of First Language Acquisition Babling Stage In this stage, we make speech sounds in and out of mother (native) language, moreover we also able to discriminate speech sound. - 0 – 2 months, baby accomplish crying, in this stage baby will cry to express hunger and discomfort.
In the book “Study of language” Yule (2010) acquisition is defined as “the gradual development of ability in a language by using it naturally in communicative situations with others who know the language.” (p.187). In other words, acquisition is a process where the learner get a language in a natural way without any specific teaching method. This process is similar to the way a child acquires the first language. The learner's need for a constant use of the target language as the only way of communicating leads to a natural understanding of the messages and subsequently the acquisition. This process occurs in a natural manner, free from either rule or guidance involved.
Language acquisition In An introduction to language, (Sixth Edition p. 319) Linguistic aptitude develops in stages. These stages are different from one another. There are different stages of language development a child goes through in order to acquire language. Phonological development is the first stage followed by lexical development and syntactic development. The Phonological stage can start at six months and can be a very difficult process for infants to go through and difficult for us adults to grasp or understand.
The Acquisition-Learning distinction is crucial because it gives an argument opposing the effortful labor of learning a new language in adults. Krashen (1988) explained that there are two independent ways in which a second language performance can be regarded. The first is the acquired system and is the product of a mind process, a subconscious one that is very similar to the one that happens with children when acquiring their native/mother tongue. This process requires continuous interaction with the target language. On the other hand, Krashen (1988) also explained that the learned system is the result of a very formal way of learning a language that involves the conscious process of being knowledgeable about a language.
I second this statement because I believe that the acquisition of language is innate but the development of the language is parallel with what the child’ experiences and social interaction with their family, school, society. These insomuch will develop the child’s knowledge of language
Language acquisition is basically the development by which humans obtain the ability to observe and understand language, as well as to produce and use words and sentences to communicate. It has been known that language acquisition refers to the acquisition of the first
The development of language skills in the child reflects marvelous creativity, a child’s language inventory increases manifold during the first year of birth. Keywords- Language, acquisition, Psycholinguistics. INTRODUCTION Developmental Psycholinguistics traces the acquisition of the mother tongue.The capacity to
It declares that learners have two different and detached approaches of improving their capacity in the target language. The first approach is language acquisition , which is a procedure analogous to the way that kids learn their source language. Language acquisition is a subconscious procedure , the effect of language acquisition is acquired efficiency , which is also subconscious. In general , we don’t have enough information about the rules that we have acquired , but we have a spontaneous feeling to correct the mistakes which we have picked up through the speech that we have heard. Other approaches of describing acquisition contains , implicit learning , informal learning , and natural learning.
For me, the best way to acquire the language is to grasp knowledge unconsciously. Children are more likely to retain information longer in this way. This knowledge can be influenced by the culture and the language (intonation, stress etc.) of the society. As a teacher, we should improve our students’ understanding about the language they learn.