Language is, “The method of human communication, either spoken or written, consisting of the use of words in a structured and conventional way” says the Oxford dictionary. Individuals who express themselves in divergent languages do in face think differently. In addition even grammar can immensely impact how we view the world. This is in adherence with the Sapir-Whorf hypothesis also known as linguistic relativity, which states that there are “certain thoughts of an individual in one language that cannot be understood by those who live in another language.” Language is an exceptional form of communication which is unique to our experience as a human being. Appreciating the role of language is establishing our ideas and views brings us nearer
Regarding language learning, it is important to take into consideration and comprehend how language is "constructive of social formations, communities, and individual identities" (Luke, 1996, p.9). This highlights the significance of language learning when a student is trying to construct an identity whilst being influenced by external factors such as society and culture. McCarthy, Fischer & Penny, (2003) conclude that it is crucial for educators and researchers to realize and begin to discuss the issue of "cultural identity, cultural difference, and cultural community" (p.445). In the meantime, it is critical for curriculum to develop and become more effective, as well as to construct forms of instructional practices that accommodate and mirror images of self of English Language Learners. These are concepts considered in the present study as suggestions in order to change and develop the current issue at hand.
In three lectures called “The Nature Of Language”, he intends to bring us to face the possibility of undergoing an experience with language. He first explains that when we experience something, it means that something befalls us, overwhelms and transforms us. To experience language, means to “let ourselves be properly concerned by the claim of language by entering into and submitting to it”. Speakers of a language may become transformed by such experiences, from one day to the next or in the course of time, yet for modern man, this is too much for him, but it does draw us to the question of our relation to language. We take our capabilities to utilize language in our everyday lives for granted, for how else can we be close to it except by speaking?
Some studies applied in different parts of the world are used to explain how language works. Indexicality, matched-guised, code-switching, gender are some of the topics discussed in this paper. Examples are given in order to create a better understanding of the contents covered. Sociolinguistics studies are interested in language variation in monolingual communities, where two or more languages are spoken. Four important aspects are considered to explain this
Introduction ‘Language gives shape and organisation to thought’ (Winch, Ross- Johnston, March, Ljungdahl & Holliday, 2010. Pg 467). Several fascinating aspects of language include it being a form of communication, which interprets information and passes messages from one person to another. For each individual language is different due to cultural backgrounds and beliefs, different communities and also the individuals’ capabilities. Speaking to a person verbally is not the only form of language, it can be writing, reading, listening and even body language.
The use of language and the ways in which we communicate are affected by many factors that surround us. Our language comes from our daily adventures and life experiences. From our activities and movement, we tend to accommodate to certain behavior, having these behaviors shape our identities. We learn from our surroundings, and whether we like it or not, whether we are aware of it or not, the surrounding behavior and language that we learn from often get to us and eventually shape a part of us. The people that we are, the characteristics that we are born with, are often changed or maybe kept, but other behaviors are added to them, behaviors that are found around us.
The more the student is exposed to cultural input, the fluent speaker he becomes and the effective communicator he will be. Nelson Mandela once said: ?If you talk to a man in a language he understands, that goes to his head. If you talk to him in his language, that goes to his heart.? The language here is not limited to the linguistic competence, but it includes also what is appropriate and what is not in the culture of the language when it comes to communication. Therefore, learning the etiquettes and customs that characterize communicative situations in the culture of language is a must.
This is due to the fact that a language is not merely a system of communication by which one expresses their thoughts and ideas but it also influences and, to some extent, shapes the way one perceives and thinks of the physical and emotional world within cognitive structures. Identity and Language Identity’s relation to language can be studied from different perspectives. Most of the studies conducted on language and identity are related to the field of SLA. However, researchers such as Labov have implemented the idea of identity in the findings of their sociolinguistic experiments. The two studies mentioned below both examine linguistic variation and indirectly demonstrate how this variation is associated with the identities that the speech communities under investigation would like to exhibit and posses for themselves.
Language can be viewed in four skills; listening, writing, speaking, and reading in which the relationship of words cannot be separated, because language is an interrelated and meaningful whole combination of words (McKay & Tom, 1999). Grammar is a skill integrated within the four main skills of the language. It is inseparable. Harmer (2007) stated that the language we use for communication and writing is governed by rules, instructions and restrictions. Learning a second language is different from first language acquisition in several ways as this process is a “learnable school subject in that discrete elements of the communication code (e.g., grammatical rules and lexical items) can be taught explicitly, it is also socially and culturally
That represent letters and those letters from words then the words form phrases and the phrases form clauses that form a short conversation or a long speech. Because of the importance of language, scientist made up a scientific branch to deal with it that is called Linguistics. Linguistics means the scientific study of language". Linguistics is concerned with what properties all human languages have in common, how languages are different, and how speech sounds are produced. Indeed, "there are various types of linguistics such as: Historical Linguistics Sociolinguistics Psycholinguistics Ethnolinguistics or Anthropological Linguistics) Dialectology Computational Linguistics Psycholinguistics."