Sophie Hannah February 27, 2017 Period 2 Synthesis Question: Political Language Language is the basis of all human communication. We act as a result of processing information, which we can only do by using language. The language we hear and use in our everyday lives influences us and helps to shape each of our opinions. If the language we hear and read is corrupt and misleading, it will corrupt and mislead our thought processes.Language with good intent should be supported, but any language whose intent is to hide the truth and confuse people should be minimized or controlled. Language is used in many different ways in today’s world, with two examples being PC and political language.
The rhetoric style of this can be compare to a preacher where it begins slowly and gradually acknowledging the audiences to whom he or she was speaking to. This is basically what the President did at the beginning of the speech where he starts slowly and gradually acknowledging the audiences which consists of vice president, chief justice, members of the congress and lastly the fellow citizens. Through this, Barack Obama demonstrated that he fully respect the political administration offices and at the same time make it crystal clear that he is part of the citizen as well. The rhetorical presidency has embedded itself in American politics and does not seem to be going anywhere soon. Thus it is crucial to understand the influence of presidential rhetoric.
The difference of our daily use of rhetorical devices and politicians using rhetorical devices is that they have a writer who makes them for their speeches. The rhetorical devices used in politicians speeches can be seen as deception, because they are conscious trying to manipulate us. The politicians manipulate us to believe in their ideas, so we will vote on them. The most subtitle rhetorical devices is repetition of words. The words freedom, we, our, you, nation, healthcare are frequently used terms, mostly more than ones in a speech.
Language is a powerful instrument that political leaders use to persuade audiences and impart political ideologies; political speech is, after all, one of the three types of speech in classical rhetoric. It certainly stands to reason that politicians use rhetoric to their advantage. The old adage, “It isn’t what you say, it’s how you say it” rings true in politics today. Politicians who address the public exert linguistic control to achieve their goals. This is true for our current president, Donald Trump.
In a situation where there are weapons, often times the victim may be focused on the weapon and not the physical features of the suspect. This is another factor in eyewitness misidentification. Another reason there may be eyewitness misidentification as mentioned by Thompson (2009), “…when witnesses are either very young or very old or have used alcohol or controlled substances, studies have shown an increased risk of erroneous identification” (p. 644). These factors cause stress to the victim and can lead to the psychological causes of misidentification that was mentioned
Rhetoric is the art of effective persuasive writing or speaking, its main use is to have a meaningful impact on the audience. Persuasive speeches can be used in multiple ways to better the world. Rhetoric can be used to show the future outcome, activist use this technique. Martin Luther King Jr. used rhetoric in his speeches to tell the audiences about the possible future if they all work together towards their common goal. Persuasive speeches can be impactful when addressed and crafted precisely.
While being a great tool for structuring modern society, the use of rhetoric can also be used in interpreting society. Those in society that are trained in the art of rhetoric have an abundance of influential power, so being able to comprehend when they are using rhetoric is important. Being able to determine when one is using rhetoric is helpful. Heinrichs mentions fallacies, and how "an ability to detect a fallacy helps you protect yourself" (Heinrichs 138). With the understanding of when the speaker in an argument messes up, students would be able to be safer in their arguments and much more 'protected'.
Publicistic style became a separate style in the middle of the 18th century. The publicistic style is used in public speeches and printed public works which are addressed to a broad audience and devoted to important social or political events, public problems of cultural or moral character. The term “publicistic” serves for many kinds of oratorical activities, that is why this intonational style is often called “oratorical”. In publicistic speeches it is achieved not only through argumentation or imagery, but also all sorts of direct oratorical performances. These performances are designed to entertain the public thus accomplishing the purpose of imposing the speaker’s ideas on listeners.
In contrast to the political speech, it is most likely to influence the citizens’ mind. In a democratic country, citizens can blatantly condemn the government and debate the public issues wherefore the political freedom of expression
The circumstances many times influence how powerful that words becomes, as can be seen in the media and in politics. Although words, when void of context, are often innocuous, when they appear in certain contexts, the meaning can be rather destructive, as can be seen in the lexical item Every day we are witnesses to persuasive language demanding us to do something. One of the most frequent sources of such language is the television. Commercials attempt to encourage us to buy a particular product; however, this medium of communication tends to be one of the most direct forms. This type of manipulative language involves being subconsciously provoked to do something.