So, in order to be successful in learning, we have to understand and know the target culture. The aim of this article is to give necessary information about relationship between language and culture in learning the second language by given examples. Key Words: Culture, Teaching Second Language, Cultural Awareness Introduction In learning second language, the first thing which comes to our minds is structural or linguistics forms of the language. We start learning by rules, syntax, and
In addition, learning language also helps learners are able to express ideas and feelings, participate in society, and use an analytical and imaginative ability that was in theirs. According to Crystal (2001), English is a global language. It means that English is used by people in all over the world as a medium of communication. In addition, Crystal (1997) stated that the English language spread and used nearly
One of the most important factors that influence in learning language is attitude which belongs to internal factor (Fakeye, 2010). Attitude is characterized by a large proportion of emotional involvement such as feelings, self, and relationships in the community (Brown, 2001). In short, attitude is how people see and perceive the world. Attitude is also related to learners’ difficulties in learning a language. There is a relationship between attitudes and learners’ difficulties in learning a language (Rifai, 2009).
Feargal Murphy Language Acquisition & Disruption 29-10-2015 The acquisition of language is one of the most difficult tasks a human infant takes on Children´s acquisition of language has been considered one of the most important human behaviors. Nowadays, there is still the belief that infants learn their mother tongue through their parents, either by imitating their behavior or through the sounds they emit. However, all children in different parts of the world learn the language they hear in their environment. From the outset, children tend to learn as many things as they possibly can, which will be used throughout life, for example, walking, talking and socializing. The acquisition of language is an issue that has been discussed for many
Only by learning the culture, language learners can better understand the language and use it in communication as native speakers do. Educators now generally believe that it is important to help the second language learners to achieve the communicative competence as well as the linguistic competence. Visualizing and understanding the differences between the two will enable the student to correctly judge the appropriate uses language idiosyncrasies. Valdes argues that not only similarities and contrasts in the native and target languages have been useful in as learning tools, but when the student understands cultural similarities and contrasts, and applies that knowledge to learning practices, they too become advantageous learning tools . Because an interdependent relationship between language and culture and becoming aware of these similarities and differences is an integral component of learning any foreign language.
Language learning is not a product but a process, a live medium of communication. The Learner is not a passive recipient but a conscious producer. The students at Graduation level have already acquired proficiency in their mother tongue, and so they try to adopt the already gained insights to the Foreign Language they are learning. This leads to the Mother- tongue Influence on the second language. The common mistake committed by the students is, they take a sentence in English and an expression in their Mother-tongue; when both these elements are juxtaposed, it leads to ridiculous or imperfect expression.
It is simply a element of belonging to our global society. When young children are exposed to other languages and cultures at a very young age through books, videos, songs and objects, they will have the opportunity to feel comfortable growing up in a world where languages and cultures intertwine on a daily
The learners need to be aware, for example, of the culturally appropriate ways to address people, express gratitude, make requests, and agree or disagree with someone. They should know that behavior and intonation patterns that are appropriate in their own speech community may be perceived differently by members of the target language. In addition, culture in language learning is more defined as understanding the meaning pragmatically associated with the cultural context of the language being studied. In this case, Byram and Grundy (2002) argued that culture in language teaching and learning is usually defined pragmatically as a/the culture associated with a language being learnt. On the other hand, Kramsch (1993) pointed out that a foreign culture and one's own culture should be placed together in order for learners to understand a foreign culture.
Foreign language plays a very important role in one’s culture because when one is intended to learn any language he/she will learn the culture of that language. It means language and culture are interconnected. It is not possible to learn any language without knowing its culture. By learning any foreign language one should first know about target culture. By knowing its culture, it will help in learning foreign language.
In this behaviour, the children will receive the pronunciation of a word that may apply in real life. With the phonemic awareness skills, learners will have a simple time learning to read and comprehend than to the others who do not have this skill. This can help to improve the word reading and reading comprehension of the children. Phonovisual Method as a Claveria Approach: Multi-purpose for developing many skill areas Major (2016) points out that “Alphabet cards contain images which connect symbol and sound in one picture and engage the body in a motion that replicates the shape of the letter. The learner sees the visual, says the sound, and does the body motion to engage body and brain in instant learning.” It deepens the learning experience through the alphabet letter with some symbol and how it formed by