Disability refers to significant learning problems in academic area. In simpler terms results from a difference in the way a person’s brain is wired. They have difficulty reading, writing, and spelling, reasoning, recalling and organizing. It describes a group of disorders characterized by inadequate development of specific academic language speech skill area. Neurological differences in processing information that severely limit a person’s ability to learn in specific areas.
Most of the world 's population is aware that learning disabilities exist and how some of them affect children 's ability to function correctly in certain situations, but what are learning disabilities truly? The textbook definition of learning disabilities, ¨[are] any of various disorders involved in understanding or using spoken or written language, including difficulties in listening, thinking, talking, reading, writing, spelling, or arithmetic.¨ (Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th Edition). So obviously if these disabilities affect children 's ability to do basic activities
The words can get harder as the game progresses or as the student progresses in his articulation. The student can also bring home the books so he can practice on his own how to correctly articulate/pronounce the different words. The outcome of these activities is that the student will be able to correctly articulate the /ch/ sound, the /th/ sound, and the /l/
But many pupils do not have adequate Language proficiency to learn from this excessive verbalism. Hence it interferes with effective class-room communication. To avoid excessive verbalismthe teacher may use a variety of instructional materials like charts, diagrams, specimens, models, tape recorders, sound films, video-cassettes and many others which use the best of the communication techniques to transmit the subject
As each child, young adult and adult with any of these disorders will be individual and unique; the barriers affecting communication will be different for each person you meet. A child, young person or adult with these physical disabilities may have delayed communication skills especially with the more severe disabilities like Cerebral Palsy and Downs syndrome which can severely affect them in different areas of development such as gross motor skills, fine motor skills, self care and communication. All of these need to be addressed with a kind, patient and understanding nature from the teaching assistant. Adults with severe physical disabilities may have difficulties communicating and accessing the school. Adults may have trouble interacting in social settings, may feel stigmatised or feel they are not accepted or understood.
As with most learning disabilities, the exact cause of reading disabilities is incomprehensible as the cause can come in various ways. However, recent studies suggest that structural and/or functional brain problems may cause people with reading disorders to recognize and arrange phonemes to have a more difficult time making associations within the context of what they read than do normally progressing readers and being less
Etymologically, the word Dyslexia derives from the Greek word dys which means ‘difficulty’ and lexia, meaning ‘word’ or ‘language’. According to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5): “Dyslexia is an alternative term used to refer to a pattern of learning difficulties characterized by problems with accurate or fluent word recognition, poor decoding, and poor spelling abilities […]” As stated in the website theenglishclub.com: “People with Dyslexia have trouble separating and grouping the sounds that letters make. They can learn to read, write and spell, but they process language differently than the average person, and thus require different training”. Considered a specific learning disability, due to its neurobiological
Name: Course: Tutor: Date: Overview of Learning Disabilities Learning disabilities comprise a group of conditions that affect the individual’s ability to acquire or use information through sources such as reading, writing, mathematical calculations, listening, speaking, or reasoning in the absence of more global intellectual disability. Learning disabilities are present in approximately 2 to 5% of the population in the Western world. As with other developmental disabilities, varying degrees of impairment are associated with learning disability. Severe learning disabilities affect a large number of academic and functional skills. Although individuals with severe learning
Students who have bad attitudes to the language are forced to learn a particular language with a heavy heart. This results in not liking the particular language and putting stress upon themselves which lastly contributes to the many reasons graduates have poor communication
c) Word problem Children with Learning Disability may find it very difficult to solve word problems both owing to reading deficit and a lack of analysis and reasoning skills. Most word problems involve a fair degree of abstract thinking and inferential reasoning. In the absence of concrete manipulative objects the child is unable to tackle these problems. Another area of difficulty arises from not knowing which operation or process to use. “Does the problem require addition or division”?