A person who speaks more than one language is described as being bilingual. According to the United States Department of Education, “about 21% of school-age children speak a language other than English at home,” (Lowry, 2011). As Wayne Thomas and Virginia Collier describe in, “Two Languages are Better Than One,” children who come into school having a first language besides English, tend to struggle. Usually when a child struggles with a particular subject, they are taken out of the main classroom and brought somewhere for a remedial class. But according to Thomas and Collier, in order to help narrow the gap in comprehension, English learners and English speakers need to be kept together in order to be fully enriched in a successful learning
An individual always requires the use of their first language to make a connection and then to process the second language. There are many schools that pretend to have perfect bilingual kids, but they have to pay attention to the bilingual teacher preparation. Schools must use caution when selecting personel. They must ensure the preparation of their bilingual educators will adequately prepare teachers to meet the needs of their students in an effort to help them to
The Vocabulary Quilt strategy allows instructors to incorporate content vocabulary instruction at students’ English language proficiency. This strategy also allows students to work with others which promotes social-cultural development. The U-C-ME strategy allows instructors to uncover existing connections that students already have with content, concentrate on critical concepts, and monitor/evaluate the students understanding of a concept (Herrera, Perez, Kavimandan, & Wessels, 2013). Reflection The article on sheltered instruction did not contain any surprised for me. I have already incorporated many sheltered instruction strategies into my classroom.
Abstract The importance of language skills and the ability to communicate and interact with the surrounding environment is critical in the early stages of development in a child. Communication and social skills, along with learning and expressing themselves in order to interact, is highly important during the developmental period in a child’s life. These critical issues have induced the interest and concerns by both parents and researchers to explore and study the effects of bilingualism. In this paper, we will take a look at the most common myths and misunderstandings about bilingualism. Today, there are many parents who still believe that learning multiple languages can cause language delay and low intelligence due to the misunderstanding
Unfortunately, most of the research conducted in schools with dual language programs is mostly focused on unproven concerns that bilingual education will harm student test scores (Bacon, Burkhauser, Li, Miller, Slater, Steele, 2016). Nonetheless, many universities and language organizations are interested in remedying this in order to encourage Americans to learn languages and be able to compete with Europeans when it comes to language skills (Stein-Smith,
If the tests should be standardized then which ones should be used (Bishop, 2013)? Each researcher can focus on specific aspects of language when assessing the language abilities of a child. On DSM-IV-TR, it is given the score of 1 or 1.5 SD below the population mean as a result of impairment. This criterion may in fact be arbitrary and not suitable for the identification of language impairment. Additionally, there are cases, where children are being referred as a language difficulty, while professionals cannot find such evidence, through the tests (Law et al.
Aural means related to sense of hearing and oral related to verbal communication. Surely when the student is getting better in both listening and speaking they will reach communicative competence. Communicative competence refers to the level of language learning that enables language users to convey their message to others and to understand others’ messages within specific context (Hymes, 1972). Of course to reach this competence, both listening and speaking improvement is really needed. The Aural-Oral approach is very effective to be implemented in English Language Teaching in case to build communicative competence of student.
Classes where students have opportunities to communicate with each other help students effectively construct their knowledge (Brooks, 1993). So, learning is an interactive process in which the learner develops his or her own understanding by assembling facts, experiences, and practices. In addition, interaction is closely linked to successful learning as interacting with others can help students clarify the concepts, improve problem-solving, and enhance retention. Furthermore, increasing students’ opportunity to talk with one another and discuss their ideas increases their ability and to argue their opinions persuasively and respectfully (Weber et. al., 2008).
Generally speaking, the problems Rodriguez faced were very bad. If the teachers had been more considerate and thoughtful about the difficulties he was facing it would have been avoided easily and efficiently, because your cultural identity and native language are the ones that tell who you are. Bilingual education has been a debate for a long time now causing major issues in families and students. This issue should have been solved by now. Schools should support bilingual education and encourage their immigrant students to continue speaking their native language to prevent this
America is known as the great melting pot because of the blend of several cultures. As America is becoming more diverse, this article stresses we must teach our children tolerance. Children will interact with people of all different ethnicities, whether it be in the classroom, or even a future job. Some parents may be open to teaching their children tolerance, other parents may be hesitant to teaching their children tolerance, because they themselves were not exposed to different