Language In Poetry Essay

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The Dynamics of Language in Poetry
Poetry (Greek word means something made or created) is an art form in which human language is used for its aesthetic qualities in addition to, or instead of, its notional and semantic content. It consists largely of oral or literary works in which language is used in a manner that is felt by its user and audience to differ from ordinary prose.
It may use condensed or compressed form to convey emotion or ideas to the reader 's or listener 's mind or ear; it may also use devices such as assonance and repetition to achieve musical or incantatory effects. Poems frequently rely for their effect on imagery, word association, and the musical qualities of the language used.
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In poetry we use language to talk about our experience of the world, including our inner world, to describe events, states and the entities involved (language serves as according system which deals with the relation between man and nature) is called ideational function. Halliday (1970: 140 ff) defined the functions of language in terms of their linguistic representations: ideational, interpersonal and textual function.
In the ideational function language serves for the expression of the content. In the interpersonal function language serves to establish and maintain social relations, for example, in asking questions or answering them. The textual function is a typically linguistic function, whereby language serves to create texts through various linking devices such as anaphoric words (that, which etc.), conjunctions and elliptical forms of responses such as ‘Yes! Well!’ etc.
All these functions are reflected in the structure of a clause. The most relevant to our purpose is the ideational function. Halliday (1970: 146) groups the vast number of processes that are distinguished in a language under two broad categories, ‘transitive’ and ‘intransitive’, and discusses the ideational function in relation to transitivity in language. Associated with it are three participant functions or roles taken by persons and objects viz., actor, goal (or patient) and the
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