Most adults do not get that amount of sleep. Too little sleep, generally understood to mean six hours or less per night, can be serious enough to alter the genes. Researchers believe that up to 700 genetic changes result from one weeks worth of sleep deprivation. (Siddique, 2013) For example: RNA, a molecule that essentially acts as a messenger and carries DNA instructions that create proteins, is effected by sleep deprivation. Experts have shown that an extreme lack of sleep can cause a decrease in RNA functioning.
In a recent study it shows that only eight percent of people actually carry through their new years resolution. Small steps is what it takes to reach my goal. That is the mistake that most people do, they setup impossible goals and can not reach them in the end. Either that or they set up way too many that they can not keep up with. This is why I have decided to set up three easy and simple resolutions.
This is happening at a very high rate because according to Michael Krauss, director of the Alaska Native Language Center, 90 percent of languages could become extinct by 2100. This would mean that from the roughly 6500 languages that are spoken today only 650 languages would still exist by the year 2100. I believe that we should make an effort to stop these languages go extinct and try to preserve some of the languages that are about to go extinct by the year 2100. According Michael Krauss even with active help to preserve these languages 50 percent of the languages could be extinct by 2100
INTRODUCTION As social being, human need to interact each other. Language is the principal means of human being to communicate with each other. It is used to express our reaction to certain situations, and to reveal our thoughts, ideas, emotions and feelings. Language also plays important roles to the development of human and technological civilization. Lyons (1981:3) writes, “A language is a system of arbitrary vocal symbol by means of which social group cooperates”.
Lado (1957:18) says that language is the system of speech sound by which human beings, communicate with one another. Meanwhile in the dictionary.com divides the meaning of language into some parts which are a body of words and the systems for their use common to a people who are of the same community or nation, the same geographical area, or the same cultural tradition, communication by voice in the distinctively human manner, using arbitrary sounds in conventional ways with conventional meanings; speech, any system of formalized symbols, signs, sounds, gestures, or the like used or conceived as a means of communicating thought, emotion, etc. Language is important thing for human being because it is a requirement for us to communicate, to interact, to share our ideas and information and also to built up the relationship among the others. In any language, including Indonesian, when we communicate with the people or read the books, we often see the relationship of meaning or semantic relation between a word with another word. The words in a language often have relationships form by chance, in other words, when each was not showing the relationship of meaning.
Every social institution in maintained by language, education, religion, law, government, group of human, the family all are carried on with language. Individually, we use language to carry on love and to carry out hate by written or spoken. We use language to reveal or conceal our identity our background our character often wholly unconscious that we are doing so. Language is the most important thing in communication, without the language: we could not now or introduce something or someone. Everyone use the language as a tool of communication in social interaction.
Processability theory is in fact a universal framework that has the capacity to predict developmental trajectories for any second language. The notion of ‘developmental trajectory’ implies a developmental dimension known as ‘staged development’ as well as a variational dimension which addresses individual learner differences as well (Pienemann, 2008). Pienemann (1988, p. 52) explains the logic underlying Processability theory in this way. At any stage of development, the learner can produce and comprehend only those L2 linguistic forms which the current state of the language processor can handle. It is therefore crucial to understand the architecture of the language processor and the way in which it handles a second language.
Speak a Common Language The farthest distance is not between life or death, but when I stand in front of you yet we speak a different language and we cannot communicate with each other (Tagore 2012, p. 47). Different languages bring people too many impediments. Therefore, there should be one world language that everyone speaks to overcome language barriers, bridge the gap among different cultures, and assist the development of economy. First of all, a common language is a bridge for helping people to overcome language barriers. According to Anderson (2012), a famous American linguist, in the world, there are about five thousand or six thousand languages (p. 28).
All humans have a language; in fact a language is one of the things that make us human and it is the case that only humans have a language. According to Schilling-Estes a professor of Linguistics; “the important point for linguists, and linguistic study, is whether we choose to call a variety a ‘language’ or a ‘dialect’ or whether we choose to uphold a particular variety as a ‘standard’, but that all language varieties, no matter what their label or their political or social standing, are equally linguistically well-formed and operate according to precise patterns or rules” (Schilling-Estes, 2014, p.323) Individuals are able to exchange information with each other, they are capable of sharing knowledge, beliefs, views, desires, impedance, leaderships, words, statements and even feelings, thereon, the one may do all these through a language which is before anything else considered as the first eligible system of communication and this method of human communication, either spoken or written
Introduction Exposing children as early as possible to language is crucial to language acquisition (Atkinson, 1988). Language is many things, it can be a system of communication, a medium for thought, vehicle for literary expression, a matter for political controversy, a catalyst for notion building. (O’ Grady & Dobrovolsky, 1989: 1 in Imansyah, 2008:1) The existence of language can’t be separated from human life. It can be seen from the fact that all related to interaction among people necessitate a language. Language is an important means of communication.