Language Needs Analysis

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As reported by Hutchinson&Waters (1987) 'Language needs are not learning needs. Although learners will need to use certain language structures or features in their target environments, this does not mean that they are ready to acquire them ' is the first thing I want to discuss. I suppose that Hutchinson &Waters include useful description of needs analysis and highlight its important role in course design. They also and explore the importance of learning needs. They maintain that ESP main aim is to teach English as a subject related to the learners ' needs and believe that what makes ESP different from General English 'is not the existence of a need as such but rather an awareness of the need. ' but we need a practical theory to show what we…show more content…
Personally, I think believe that identifying learning needs such as educational abilities, areas of difficulties and interest are useful in establishing the appropriate type of content and in achieving desirable outcomes. Based on such information, they aim at developing a course which can enable the learners to overcome their learning difficulties. Information about learning needs can determine the type of activities or teaching methodology that learners want to have. Therefore, considering such information may increase their motivation to take the course and enhance their progress. On the other hand, if the course does not organize to engage the learners ' interest or 'based on unsuitable or irreverent samples of language and units of description will have low motivational value for the students ' (Mackay & Mountford, 1978:10). So as a result the more the course satisfies learners ' learning needs the more they become confident and involved. Responding to learning needs in course design is valuable because it shows learners the right rout to utilize their present knowledge effectively enabling them to perform well in the…show more content…
The ESP practitioners should be able to utilize the results of needs analysis research which he or she conducts to develop a language course or training program that is suitable, practical and successful for a particular context. The main instruments for executing language needs analysis study are questionnaire, structured interviews, observations, analysis of authentic spoken and written texts, discussions, and assessments. 3 Components of ESP Needs Analysis Different ways of needs analysis are employed to investigate different focuses and issues in language planning, development, teaching and learning. Many ESP scholars suggest that TSA (Target Situation Analysis), LSA (Learning Situation Analysis), PSA (Present Situation Analysis) are the fundamental components for assessing language needs of learners. 3.1 Target Situation
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