Language Skills Through Critical Thinking

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3.8. The Improvement of Language Skills through Critical Thinking
Critical thinking proves to be highly connected to a number of specific concepts that encourage SLA in EFL context. However, teaching critical thinking also seems to affect positively all four language skills: receptive – listening and reading skills, and productive – speaking and writing skills. As critical thinking has stronger and more visible influence on reading and writing skills, only reading and writing will be covered below. Reading skills are acquired and practised through reading and reading proves to be the main channel for input in L2 for many learners (Saville-Troike 2006). The more learners are advanced in their reading skills, the more they will comprehend
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Critical thinking in reading allows learners to engage with the text more deeply and through thought-provoking questions and tasks analyse the text, which will significantly advance their comprehension. It allows the EFL learners to improve their reading skills through raising their language awareness when dealing with the text more closely. Moreover, the more advanced the learners are in the text comprehension, the better the chances this input turns into intake. Critical reading activities may vary greatly and may also include filling the tables or creating diagrams (Correia 2006). The most important point, however, that critical reading improves reading skills, transforms passive readers into active, and allows to a deeper analysis and evaluation of information, which, in turn, enhances learners’ text…show more content…
First, they are full of creative energy that can be mindfully directed to promote critical thinking, as critical and creative thinking are a workable union. Second, young learners are quite motivated to learn a language, especially through interactive and engaging activities, so this would be a perfect chance to start introducing critical thinking in the EFL classroom. Third, critical thinking is a time-consuming process and cannot be taught within a single class or even semester. It takes time to develop good thinking abilities and advance critical thinking skills. Therefore, it is a sound point to start gradually practicing critical thinking in the early ages, as it might be too challenging for the learners later (in secondary or high school) when they will be involved in critical thinking activities and will need to display appropriate skills with no prior exposure to critical thinking in primary

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