It is believed that students are able to increase their listening, speaking, reading, and finally writing by learning new words. Vocabularies are considered to improve comprehension and production in the L2. It is also indicated that an important predictor of vocabulary acquisition patterns in children and adolescents (e.g. , Gathercole & Adams , 1993 , 1994 ; Gathercole , Service , Hitch , Adams , & Martin , 1999) and word learning in children and adults ( e.g. , Gathercole , Hitch , Service , & Martin , 1997) is PM capacity.
Reading is useful for language acquisition. By reading students can enrich their new vocabulary. It also gives positive effect for their spelling, grammar and punctuation. Another advantage is reading text provides good models for English writing. Students can learn how they construct sentences, paragraphs, and whole text.
Reading is a receptive skill by which we receive information but the process of reading also needs speaking skills, so that we can pronounce the words correctly that we read . Reading is something that we can do by our own that broadens our vocabulary therefore helping in improving other three skills of speaking writing and listening. So
Aural means related to sense of hearing and oral related to verbal communication. Surely when the student is getting better in both listening and speaking they will reach communicative competence. Communicative competence refers to the level of language learning that enables language users to convey their message to others and to understand others’ messages within specific context (Hymes, 1972). Of course to reach this competence, both listening and speaking improvement is really needed. The Aural-Oral approach is very effective to be implemented in English Language Teaching in case to build communicative competence of student.
As the information technology is improving rapidly nowadays, the way students interact with information increase and the opportunities to enrich their knowledge increase as well. However, scholars are debating heavily on this point that whether technology really is helping the students to build up their reading habits. Because the opponent
Literature enjoys a very high prestige in the study of language. It is seen as auseful vehicle for teaching and learning both basic language skills and language areas which affords language educators enormous advantages. Here, we can cite Hişmanoğlu(2005) who said that “The use of literature as a technique for teaching both basic language skills (i.e. reading, writing, listening and speaking) and language areas (i.e. vocabulary, grammar and pronunciation) is very popular within the field of foreign language learning and teaching nowadays”.Literature helps promoting learners’ essential language learning opportunities, and expanding their language awareness.
These are the skills we must have in order enrich our minds with the different information, facts, ideas, concepts, formulas, etc… Able readers who are physiologically sufficient, cognitively sound and possessed the basic reading skills are also able to enhance their thinking skills. While we are reading our brain also perform its function to process all the information we are about to absorb, our brains in that case performs a very crucial role in the information process and knowledge acquisition. In that way reading can have a great impact to the development of our critical thinking skills. Reading is important to develop the mind. It enables us to understand the society where we belong, the history of our ancestors, the culture we have in the past, the formulas in solving equations, the meaning of a literary piece, the updates in the global world, the local issues we are facing right now and so
Reading extensively involves giving learners the option of choosing their texts and reading at their own speed. For many it is a more pleasurable way of reading. In using this method, a teacher has the important role of influencing learners to read by introducing them to either simplified or unsimplified text, depending on their reading level. Most importantly, teachers need to ensure that learners understand the beneficial aspects of reading extensively. By helping them set realistic goals and familiarizing them with various types of texts, learners will enhance their word recognition and, as a result, experience more pleasure out of reading without having to constantly stop reading due to lack of
If readers use these skills effectively they would probably be able to understand the content of the text given to them. Variables such as reading attitude, reading purpose, prior knowledge about the text, textual structure, vocabulary knowledge; comprehension are considered as keys to the success of the reading process (Yıldırım, 2010). Ogle and Correa-Kovtun (2010) stressed the importance of teaching functional reading skills to language learners for they comprise almost 30% of the public students. Confucius (500 B.C) founded the epistemology of this research. His ideology of synchronization between the heart and mind when a person will try to discover new knowledge has a direct impact to cognitive and affective aspects of study.