Listening: This course reflects the current understanding of English as a second language. Two major skills are taught: skimming and scanning. They are practiced through situations that are easily related to their experience or interests. Both of these skills are developed through listening for gist, details, main ideas or inferring meaning from context. Speaking: Speaking skills are the main focus of The Crackerjack Series.
We notice that we use the same theory to learn any foreign language; the learners listen first the language and then imitate what they heard. They, after that, will produce their oral expressions. Accordingly, listening skill plays a prominent role in learning the foreign language. In the past, we, as foreign language teachers, taught our students by relying on one of the teaching method called “audio-lingual” which emphasizes on listening and speaking skills. In the audio-lingual method, the dominant emphasis is placed on ‘the fundamental skills like listening and speaking while reading and writing are not neglected.
Through storytelling, teacher will be able to inculcate different vocabulary in the story and this will allow young learners to get used to the correct form of language structure. Young learners who listen to story are actually experiencing a form of learning meaning of words in context. Storytelling becomes an effective way to introduce new vocabulary to children. According to Sen (2014), when learners have the ability to relate words to their meaning better, these words are retained in their memory for long. From this, they will be able to remember the meaning of the
The utilization of the four main skills of English (listening – speaking – reading and writing) is cared for. There is a high focus on the oral communication in the target language. Learners learn to actively interact in the target language authentically rather than trying to translate their ideas from their mother tongue into the target language. Learners can easily acquire the language and get high levels of fluency in short times. Learners also acquire the language through different activities and real games.
The former learn best through hearing of information and often need to read the written words aloud to enable them remember the key points in the instruction given. This method is the best way for them to study. For visual learners, they learn best by seeing what they are being taught and prefer images, graphs or any other visual representations over other forms of instruction.
Reading skills is very essential for any language . it helps the students to develop fluency in any language. Students and language teachers can download reading material for the purpose of reading. There are numerous sites with sites with free free material including project Gutenberg. Which also has many audio books available.
Beside teacher should select the media that suitable to be applied in teaching English pronunciation, they also should know how to teach pronunciation well. One of the best ways to practice and improve our spoken English is use English pronunciation software. There are some reasons why pronunciation software is a great tool we can use to practice our spoken English. First, software program have animated diagrams that teach we the correct tongue placement for each vowel and consonant sound. We can see the correct mouth position for each sound, not just hear the sounds being pronounced.
Learner feels that he/she can remember the information for longer duration due the use of audio-visual aids. Therefore, having something visual on the lesson are always helpful for the second language learners. Macwan, H (2015) Audio-Visual aids helps the learners to learn language in diversified ways. Learners come with different ideas. Audio clips help them to learn the correct pronunciation because the speaker of the conversations is mostly the native speakers.
THE ROLE OF LITERATURE IN ELT Teaching Language Through Literature Literature plays an important role in teaching. It helps to develop the four skills, listening, speaking, reading and writing. Also there are many advantages on students’ development and for whose that going to be teachers. First of all literary works make the classes more enjoyable than a main course class, use of literature creates a real environment and students can feel like they live that situation. Within literature the students get the chance to learn about other things like, time (century), the setting, people in that time (behavior) and about the general environment.
They have to express their views on particular topic in English in a minute. It is helpful to them in the beginning of language learning. 2. Encourages to participate in Role-Play which is one of the effective methods for language learning. It develops thinking skills and spontaneity 3.