To train students to be good writers, teachers have a key role because they can guide students what to do and how to do to be successful writers. However, writing is not an easy task for most of the learners, applying some essential strategies and methods can help students learn this skill easily. One of the main points is enabling students to take information from one or more sources through reading different texts, so integrating of reading with writing is the best strategy of teaching writing. Introduction: “Teaching academic writing to both native and non-native speakers of English is an enterprise that unfolds in such a countless variety of settings and classrooms around the world” (Kroll, 2001, p. 219). Writing is one the most important skills which needs enough practice.
Reading involves garnering knowledge, information and meaning from any literary text. Readers are encouraged to be active in constructing meaning while reading text. Thus, after reading has taken place, readers should have a clear understanding of what has been written and they will then be able to transfer information they need. However, many students still have challenges with comprehension; especially when they have to comprehend words, sentences or an entire text. If people do not understand what they read, it becomes a frustrating, pointless exercise in word calling.
Definition of Writing Writing is functional communication, making learners possible to create imaginative world of their own design (Kern, 2000). Writing is one of four language skills that should be mastered by students. It is considered as the most difficult skill because the writer has to make some aspects in writing such as content, organization, purpose, punctuation, vocabulary, grammar and spelling in a balance way. It requires a great intellectual capacity to produce a good writing product. Langan (2011) said that writing is a skill.
Absolutely, before we can recognize and understand the article, we must first understand that the element of the sentence which one of them is vocabulary. But actually, many students know little terminology. Particularly, they are not only able to recite vocabulary without know the meaning of it, or they do not know the parts of speech. As a result, they understand English more difficult. Boonkit, K. (2010) agreed that vocabulary is singled out as important factors to be emphasized in building fluency for English as a Foreign Language (EFL).
When teaching in the 21st century, teaching students to use technology for writing is an essential skill unless teachers want them to fail in this ever-advancing society. While students are being taught how to use technology for writing, they also need to be taught the proper skills in writing to be able to produce grammatically correct writings when technology is not present. Teaching writing using technology has both negatives and positives but when together, students have effective tools for using technology to the fullest as well having the proper skills for writing without
Textbooks are valuable in each language classroom, and they have several roles in English Language Teaching (ELT) curriculum and help the process of language teaching and learning. A textbook has a very virtual role in teaching and learning of English. According to Ahour and Ahmadi (2012), "textbooks are the main sources that can convey the knowledge and information to the learners in an easy and organized way" (p.176). As stated by Zohrabi, Sabouri, and Kheradmand (2014),"textbooks are one of the elements that may promote or discourage learners depending on their materials. They are a kind of support for both teachers and learners.
Therefore English is very important to learn. There are four skills in English; speaking, reading, listening, and writing. Writing is one of the most important skills to the people, because people use it as written language to communicate with other people. According to Jeremy Harmer (2004:10) as societies grew larger each time, the people have to be able to write and read to get success. The use of tenses in writing is one of the problem of students’ problems in learning English.
Then, listening activity needs to integrate skills of language, such as pronunciation, vocabulary mastery, writing, speaking, and reading. However, Underwood (1990) mentions some kinds of difficulties in listening that are directly related to the students themselves. One of the problems is based on the fact that students have established learning habits in the sense that
English is an important language to everyone. They used English language as an International language in worldwide for communicating. Therefore, English language is one of the main language tools that use in the Education system especially in primary school, secondary school and all levels of the universities and colleges. Moreover, English language comes up with four skills. By using these four skills, it’s helped a lot to the teachers because they can use these four skills with different strategies of teaching methods.
Each has its own function. In some areas there is one-to-one correspondence between speech and writing but in a number of areas there is no neat correspondence between units of speech and writing. As far as grammar is concerned, these two areas play an important role in English language teaching. Knowing grammar rules particularly the above said tenses, idioms and phrases and vocabulary helps to get mastery over speech and writing English language. Many students equate being able to speak a language as knowing the language and therefore view learning the language as learning how to speak the language, or as Nunan (1991) wrote, "success is measured in terms of the ability to carry out a conversation in the (target) language."