Seth Marshall Professor: Messersmith Comp 2 2/22/16 Different Leadership Styles All people have different opinions on how a leader should handle things. Such as war, people, poverty, and even themselves. Both Machiavelli in “The qualities of the prince” talks about on how a prince is supposed to be a leader and that good leaders must learn not to be convenient or compassionate to keep stability. Lao Tzu in “Thoughts from the Tao-te Ching” believes in having a silent leader so the people will do what he wants them to do and fill like they are not being guided.
Lao Tsu once said "If a little kingdom is lowly towards a great kingdom it will take possession of the great kingdom", on the other end Niccolo Machiavelli argues that a leader not act lowly, but be feared by his people and other rulers. Christine Pizan adds in, that a ruler not be feared or lowly but to be mutually respected. However, each ruler cannot obey either teachings without employing hypocrisy, the act of behaving differently from the own perceived beliefs or moral code. To follow Lao Tsu is to humble oneself, with the intention of gaining more, by listening to Machiavelli one must use deceit to appease and maintain efficacy of a government. To adhere to Pizans teachings is to make use of relationships often with the
Despite the fact that most of Machiavelli and Lao Tzu’s ideas on how the government ought to work greatly differ, there are some ideas that they both agree upon; one of which, is their idea regarding economics, these ideas can be integrated to form an effective government. Their ideas regarding economics are congenial with each other due to the fact that they are comparable in their ideas of taxes. Economics play a key role in forming an effective government. An effective government must be able to sustain itself without imposing excessive tax on the people. The government must be able to work effectively with the minimum amount of funds.
Though many view Machiavelli as evil, his teachings are better seen as harsh and stable. Richard III has much to learn from Machiavelli, for his rule is unstable and overly oppressive. Machiavelli makes the distinction that one should either gain the subjects' approval or should crush them unforgivingly, two opposite extremes. Richard, however, switches between his type of ruling: somtimes he orders people to die, while other times he manipulates them, sparing their life. As Machiavelli teaches his audience in his book The Prince, if one hurts his subjects in a not fatal manner, they will strike back, seeking revenge; and this is exactly what happens to Richard.
REAL-POLITIK: THE END JUSTIFIES THE MEANS “Let a prince therefore aim at conquering and maintaining the state, and the means will always be judged honourable and praised by everyone.” “For where the very safety of the country depends upon the resolution to be taken, no consideration of justice or injustice, humanity or cruelty, of glory or of shame, should be allowed to prevail. But putting all other considerations aside, the only question should be; what course will save the life and liberty of the country?” Machiavelli emphasized that being a good politician doesn’t always necessarily equate to being a good person. However, Machiavelli never praised immorality.
Probably one of the most infamous and controversial ideologies of the 16th century, the prince by Machiavelli has been a reference for many great leaders and academicians since it was published. The book provides historically tested and proven principles of leadership. The prince has been described as a manual for those who want to win and retain power. While some may argue that leadership is an inherent trait in human, leaders are made, not born. Making a great leader out of a person is not just a matter of identifying the leadership traits, skill and talents of the individual, but harnessing the traits, develop them and eventually mastering how to be leader.
Lao-Tzu was an ancient Chinese philosopher and writer. He is known as the author of the Tao Te Ching, the founder of philosophical Taoism, and a god in Taoism and traditional Chinese religions. Niccolò Machiavelli was a writer of the Renaissance period. They are both philosophers that have completely different perspective on how a country should run and how the leaders should act. While both philosophers’ writing can be very useful to the government in some ways.
In the early 1980s, the American people elected Ronald Reagan as President of the United States of America. Many people claim that Reagan was one of the greatest presidents of all time, while others believe that the country would have been much better off had Reagan never been elected. Regardless of their political preferences, it is undeniable that Ronald Reagan changed the world in the 1980s and his work as president will be forever remembered in the countless books of history. Ronald Reagan ran as a Republican and was the absolute type of a conservative.
What does Machiavelli say in regards to a prince being either feared or loved? Which, in Machiavelli’s opinion, is more important? Is it possible for a ruler to be both? Explain.
Social/Political Psychology One of the interest parts in human in this era emphasizes on how people interact and influence one another in groups. Niccolo Machiavelli (1469-1527), an Italian bureaucrat wrote in his book The Prince in 1532 about guideline for how to take over, defeat, and rule groups of people. The content of the book is based on his observations and descriptions of human behavior. He suggests that “most people can easily be manipulated to behave as a leader wishes, even against their own best interests.