Las Madres de Plaza de Mayo: Direct contribution to the protection of human rights?
During Argentina’s military dictatorship between 1976 and 1983, the Argentine human rights movement emerged. This movement responded to cruel human rights abuses by the government during the military junta: the abduction, torture, and disappearance of tens of thousands of citizens (Brysk, 1). Starting in 1975, when Isabel Martínez Perón had already been established as the new President of the country after her husband died in 1974, people first started disappearing. Most of them were common laborers in their thirties, although some were children or even senior citizens, teachers, journalists, priests and many lawyers (Navarro 1989:245). The human rights…show more content… The essay will be organized into three parts: in part one, the significance of this research will be explained, and the underlying theory which forms the basis of the research will be discussed. In this part, three key components will be determined to answer the research question. In part two, a brief historical background will be given. Thereafter, the three components determined in part one will be analyzed. To conclude, an analytical summary will be followed by a concluding statement, answering the research question: Through which means did the human rights movement of Las Madres de Plaza de Mayo contribute directly to the reshaping of the political agenda and the establishment of longterm norms and mechanisms for the protection of human rights? First, let us determine the significance of this…show more content… Taken together with the Mothers being powerless at first, and the fact that (Jelin 1994:93) the Mothers acted without violence,1 Las Madres de Plaza de Mayo can be categorized under the New Social Movement theory. This theory helps determine the three key components that can answer the research question: New Social Movement theory believes (Brysk 1994:9) that people without power are able to actually achieve social change by raising awareness for the construction of a collective identity. Through this, a new social movement can change the relationship between the public space and state-society. However, if this change in relationship only comes about via the forming of a collective identity, does this mean the influence on the protection of human rights is