United States’ Embargo Against Cuba Should Be Lifted On October 19, 1960, United States’ President Dwight D. Eisenhower broke ties with the country of Cuba, creating a trade embargo between the two nations. One year later, current president Barack Obama was born. Today, 55 years later, President Obama is fighting for the end of a policy that has existed longer than he has. The long-standing embargo with Cuba has lasted too long; no one is gaining anything from it, if they ever actually had. Although it is argued that Cuba is still a threat to the United States, Congress should follow President Obama’s plan to lift the Cuban trade embargo to benefit both countries involved.
The Bay of Pigs was an invasion to Cuba by the United States to try and establish a non-communist government. Fidel Castro was the leader of Cuba and he wasn’t liked by the United States. President Dwight Eisenhower was the original starter of the whole plan and was carried out later by John F. Kennedy. The United States had no idea that Cuba had found out about this mission over a radio broadcast and were not prepared for such a counter. They tried their hardest to set up a successful plan, but sadly it didn’t end that way; many were captured and some killed.
As a result, the United States feared that the Soviet influence of communism would spread in Cuba and then other neighboring countries in the Americas. Furthermore, the United States believed that the Soviets were attempting to establish Communist government that would threaten its power and influence in Latin America. In response, the United States took action as a precaution by organizing the training of Cuban exiles and cutting purchases of Cuban sugar. However, Cuba responded back by nationalizing U.S. banks and companies that made lots of profits from exploiting Cuba’s resources. In a way, the trade embargo served as a method to
In 1952 the US got involved after Nicaragua solicited U.S. assistance to overthrow the Guatemalan leader, Jacobo Arbenz Guzman. President Truman authorized the shipment of weapons and money to anti-Arbenz groups. But, within five weeks the operation to topple Arbenz quickly fizzled when representatives loyal to the president uncovered the plot and took steps to solidify their power. Later Eisenhower sought to defend American interests abroad with an increase in funds for nuclear weapons and covert operations. After that, convinced that Arbenz threatened U.S. national security because of his alleged Communist sympathies, Eisenhower approved the first-ever clandestine military action in Latin America.
Unfortunately the CIA had created the plans before Kennedy was in office, and they did not share all of the information with him and manipulated him into approving it. The blame for this failure lies with both Kennedy and the CIA. The motivation behind the invasion was the United States’ tremendous fear of communism. “I mean, now we look back on that and it can seem sort of ridiculous that we ever had a time when we thought the Communists were going to take over the world. But that is indeed what most Americans thought at the time” (Rasenberg 1).
However, that changed in 1994 when another wave of Cuban exiles arrived by boat. Following the Mariel Boat Wave Ronald Reagan criticized Carter for allowing the Mariel refugees into the United States (Gonzalez 113). This time, White America’s view on Cuban refugees shifted to match their views of refugees from the rest of Latin America. Concurrently, the political climate shifted as well and, according to Gonzalez, with the 1994 wave of Cuban refugees called balseros Bill Clinton ordered the first halt on special treatment of Cuban refugees in the United States’ history. Accordingly, U.S. officials would detain the balseros and, this time they would deny their entry (Gonzalez 108).
The Bay of Pigs Operation The Bay of Pigs Operation is the U.S. final measure in preventing the spread of communism into the western hemisphere. For years the CIA and other intelligence agencies have taken interest in Cuba, following the overthrow of U.S. backed Cuban Leader Fulgencio Batista by rebel leader Fidel Castro. The initial proposal of the operation is to outgoing President Eisenhower towards the end of his administration. President Eisenhower approves of the initial plan to overthrow the newly formed Castro regime. President Kennedy approves the final plan early in his administration.
Therefore when Cuba asked for help in war, President Grover Cleveland declined. Finally, William McKinley decided to go to war when he became President, and the battles begun. The Spanish-American war had many factors that caused it such as the rebellion in Cuba and Yellow Journalism, and it had many effects after the battles in the Philippines, Cuba, and Puerto Rico. The rebellion in Cuba eventually led to the Spanish-American War and had many effects afterwards. Christopher Columbus sailed into Cuba in 1492.
The first force of action Kennedy decided to take on Cuba was the economic blockade. This was put in place because Cuba had just signed a trade agreement with the USSR, and Kennedy knew that the USSR having access to planting their missiles only 90 miles away from US territory could be very dangerous. “Since the 1960s, the United States has imposed an embargo against Cuba...the blockade, consists of economic sanctions against Cuba and restrictions on Cuban travel and commerce for all people and companies under US jurisdiction.” This quote is from this website. This was a very big decision that Kennedy made because Cuba and the U.S traded a lot of goods between the each other, and he knew that he would be cutting off that supply completely. A lot of people did not believe he was making the right decision, but Kennedy knew that if his judgement and thinking was corrupted by other people 's perspective than he wouldn’t be able to truly figure out what was the right