1. Who are the authors and what is their historical context? How does their context influence their writing? A: The authors for Meno and The Clouds are Plato and Aristophanes respectively, Plato being a student of Socrates and Aristophanes one of Plato’s contemporaries and humorist. Plato conveys his usual steadfast logical in Socratic arguments that present questions that lead his audience to where he wants, used as a teaching tool. The Clouds a Greek comedy that satirized Socrates in his “Thinkery”.
Socrates is discovered blameworthy by a limited edge and is requested that propose a punishment. Socrates facetiously proposes that if he somehow happened to get what he merits, he ought to be regarded with an awesome feast for being of such support of the state. On a more genuine note, he rejects jail and outcast, offering maybe rather to pay a fine. At the point when the jury rejects his proposal and sentences him to death, Socrates stoically acknowledges the decision with the perception that nobody yet the divine beings comprehend what happens after death thus it is silly to dread what one doesn't have the foggiest idea. He likewise cautions the jurymen who voted against him that in hushing their pundit instead of listening to him, they have
doing injustice. In the Dialogue of “Plato Gorgias”, Socrates is talking with Polus another of Gorgias’s followers about whether someone had to choose whether to suffer injustice or do injustice. Socrates asks “Which seems to you, Polus, to be worse, doing injustice or suffering injustice” (474c). Polus would rather do injustice but Socrates follows up with “Which is more shameful?”(474c). The more shameful option would be doing injustice because it is morally wrong to cause injustice.
In this argument, Socrates wants people to stop caring about wealth and the artificial things in life, but rather to focus on body and soul. Moreover, this ties back to Crito because Socrates believed that if he gave up philosophizing he would be abandoning the examined life, and without wisdom or self-knowledge he would be better off
The grand claims in the umbrella of “super-human wisdom” include believing certain actions please or displease the gods, the existence of life after death, and such matters indeterminable to humans through the medium of divinity. In Plato’s Euthyphro, Euthyphro and Socrates bicker about Euthyphro’s behavior, and its interpretation from the gods. Euthyphro claims his prosecution of his father for an accidental crime would fancy him in the eyes of the Gods, yet Socrates rebuttals, exclaiming “But, in the name of Zeus, Euthyphro, do you think you have such exact knowledge about the positions the gods take, and about the pious and the impious, that in the face of these events, you’ve no fear of acting impiously yourself in bringing your father to trial?” (Euthyphro, 7). Via this excerpt, Socrates attempts to have Euthyphro think lucidly about the actions of the gods. Who, initially, placed these ludicrous thoughts of the gods into the minds of humans?
The ‘Apology’ is a form of dialectic philosophy. It illustrates the charges brought upon Socrates and the self-defense he demonstrates during the trial. Socrates is accused of ‘corruption of the youth’ and ‘impiety’. Socrates is found guilty of having faith in the wrong Gods and Meletus accuses him of not acknowledging the sun and moon as gods but as masses of stone. Socrates is accused of studying things in heaven and below the earth.
Within the greater work, The Trial and Death of Socrates, Plato identifies fault in the current definition and implementation of Justice when his teacher faces punishment for helping Athens. Silencing Socrates will only make Athens suffer, and Justice must derive from reason. The outcome represents the juror’s lack of understanding, or simple overlooking, of absolute Justice as a direct product of the democratic structure. If not a democracy, the Athenian people would fall more in order with their role in the Whole and would ultimately be more successful. Plato argues Socrates prodes at Athenians to help them, and their conviction against him was due to a personal choice, and thus they fail to work together as a perfect society.
In The Clouds, by Aristophanes, and The Apology by Plato, Socrates is illustrated in distinctive ways. In The Clouds, Aristophanes tries to expose Socrates and his followers, the Sophists. In his play, Aristophanes shows that Socrates is contaminating the young men of Athens, and he uses mockery to magnify a lot of the lessons delivered by Socrates. Plato, who was a devoted advocate of Socrates, portrayed his advisor in a positive way. Even though majority of The Apology is literally a speech narrated by Socrates, we can guess that Plato was intrigued by the story enough to twist it in a way that would highlight Socrates, and the picture was thoroughly diverse from that of Aristophanes.
In reply at first Euthyphro says that piety is what he is doing, prosecuting the person who offended religion by murdering, even though he is his own father. He then further suggests that what is holy is what is agreeable to the gods, in response to which Socrates points out that the gods often quarrel, so what is agreeable to one might
He also proclaims that “… academic freedom is a reality today because Socrates practiced civil disobedience. King explains the difference between unjust and just laws by telling of the moral affect each one has, the way the white majority used unjust laws to their advantage, and why King thought it was our civil duty to break unjust laws. What unjust laws will your conscience tell you to civilly disobey