Lawrence Buell Ecocriticism

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Lawrence Buell who was against any segregated treatment of environmental issues, considering them as much material and of the physical world as they are socio-cultural or political-ideological, while defining ecocriticism partly continues Glotfelty’s dictum but specifies it keeping in mind its ever-growing interdisciplinarity:
. . . ‘ecocriticism’ as (a) study of the relationship between literature and the environment conducted in a spirit of commitment to environmental praxis . . . if one thinks of it . . . as a multiform inquiry extending to a variety of environmentally focused perspectives more expressive of concern to explore environmental issues searchingly than of fixed dogmas about political solutions, then the neologism becomes a useful omnibus term for subsuming a large and growing scholarly field.
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He thoroughly explores several disciplines like language and criticism, ecology and ethics, natural sciences and social sciences, geography and history in order to settle the primary goals of an ecocritic who compunctiously “judges the merits and faults of writings that depict the effects of culture upon nature, with a view toward celebrating nature, berating its despoilers and reversing their harm through political action” (69). In the introduction to the edited volume Beyond Nature Writing: Expanding the Boundaries of Ecocrticism, Kathleen R. Wallace and Karla Armbruster refer to John Elder’s definition of nature writing as ‘a form of personal reflective essay grounded in . . . the natural world . . . also open to the spiritual meaning and intrinsic value of nature’ (qtd. in 2) and advocated that
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