Implicit Leadership Theory

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There is a misconception about what leading is all about. Leading is sometimes interchanged with the Directing function, while others treat both separately. Leading “includes motivating employees, directing the activities of others, selecting the most effective communication channel, and resolving conflicts” (Robbins/DeCenzo 2008). Hence, a leader is someone who can influence others and who has managerial power/authority.
Leadership is played out individually and collectively in both your business and private life will lead to consistent and authentic leadership” (Aitken 2011). To employees, leadership is everything they do that affects the organisation’s objective and their well-being (U.S. Army, 1983).
Previous researches has shown
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Implicit leadership theory
This theory state that a good leader is describing in relation to the leaders past experiences with different types of leader. According to this theory everyone develops based on past experiences working with differs types of leaders. When a new manager fits into implicit theory perception, such manger is considered a good leader. If not the leader is considered a bad leader (Lord, Brown, & Freiburg, 1999; lord & Maher, 1993).

Michael Beer (2010; p. 34), professor emeritus at the Harvard University Business School giving a speech on High Commitment-High Performance noted “that the best business leaders’ at the most 74 Successful organisations have a vision that looks beyond the bottom line and improving quarterly earnings statements. These leaders have a vision of building an institution and corporate culture that allows people to excel and perform at the highest levels.” Yukl, (2006) also indicated that there is no decisive definition of leadership
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Key Challenges facing a Modern Day Manager

The job of a Manager in any Organisation is a complex one, regardless of the level and/or cadre. It requires a range of professional skills including interpersonal ability, customer service, time management and organisation for success or results to be achieved.
The goal of any organisation’s manager must always be to maximise productivity. This is a very tough job, especially when you consider some of the key challenges the manager has to deal with. Some of those challenges include but not limited to:
• Maintaining regularities and discipline
• Ensuring work in-progress as scheduled
• Evaluating completed works and making revised planning as to next work in-line
• Reporting regularly to upper management on works done
• Doing a follow up on work activities
• Maintaining good and conducive atmosphere in work place
• Regular evaluation of sub-ordinate officers and
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