Trait theory gives the idea that some people are born with certain character traits such as self confidence, honesty, intelligence, appearance etc that makes them the leader and differs them from followers. In an organization following this model, employees are analyzed by their skill of leadership. Such people are then trained to make the most out of their capabilities. Behavioral theory revolves around the fact that manager’s leadership skills can be polished to be turned into an effective
A leader is anyone who uses interpersonal skill to influence others to achieve goals of the organization. According to Sullivan and Decker (2010),” the functions of a leader are to achieve a consensus decision making within the group about its goal, maintain a structure that facilitates accomplishing the goal, supply necessary information that will help to provide direction and clarification, and maintain group satisfaction, cohesion, and performance”. Leadership is the process of guiding, motivating, directing, influencing, and teaching the activities of others towards achieving the goals of the organization. As businesses today strive to improve their performance in the context of a world that is changing around them, leadership and organizational
Leadership is a procedure which a man affect others to achieve a goal or objective and directs the organisation in a way that makes it more consistent and intelligible (Farrukh Ahmed, 2008). It can also defined as the process that occur by persuading others to obtain goals in a team. The leaders carry out this process by applying their own leadership knowledge and skills. While the skills and knowledge of leadership proceed by the leader can be influenced by his or her attitude, such as ethics, beliefs, behaviours and character (Barmayehvar and Parvar, n.d.). Leadership concerned with initiating changes which also provide direction and motivation to others and keeping the task on pathway (Hernon, 2009).
Transformational Theory Transformational Theory is a leadership style applied where the leader act as changing agents in the organization which the leader itself want to change and transform the organization to become better. The leader also try to develop role and commitment to the employee toward the achievement of the organization goal. This leadership style rarely applied in the organization because most of the organization just want to maintain the current practice unless for the organization that started want to transform to become big organization. There are four elements of transformational leadership which are: a) Develop and communicate a strategic vision The leader develop new strategies and challenging vision toward the achievement of the organizational goal. The vision must be what we expect the organization in the future and then discuss together with the employee to give them clear image what they have to achieve with the new vision and strategies of the organization goal.
They are considered to be the hard-cores in terms of leadership. Another assumption regarding and identified this domain is that expected transformational leadership attitudes and subordinates’ performance and organizational citizenship behaviours is mediated by good leader and member interaction. The communication between subordinate and leader is responsible for better organizational citizenship behaviours and leadership. Subordinates are appreciated by the leader to contribute to the organization’s welfare by sharing their ideas. One of other assumptions is that the leaders have significant control on shaping the role and personalities of the subordinates and followers
2.4 Leadership and employee performance Leadership is a process of a person to stir others by leading, guiding and influencing to do something in order to achieve certain results and goals. According to Voon et al., (2011), Leadership is a process of interaction between leaders and employees in which a leader tries to influence the behavior of employees to achieve organizational goals. The leadership Indicators proposed in this study is that the leader should 1.) Be able to inspire 2.) Make decision and 3.)
Successful leaders have one thing in common; they influence people around them in arrange to gather most advantage from the organization’s resources, as well as its most very important and costly: its people. Actuality, the influence of leaders and their efficiency in moving people to a shared idea can directly profile the organization’s people. Current leadership theories explain leaders based upon
The character of this leader convinced his employees to exceed their performance in offering excellent customer service. This will aid to achieve the company’s objectives as well as improve the employees’ needs for achievement and self actualization (McCleskey, 2014). The Operations Managers at CIBCFCIB practiced the transformational leadership style where they inspire and motivate the team members to exceed their performance in providing high quality customer service and flawless delivery, and staff usually rewarded. In addition, operations managers and leaders provide learning opportunities and a supportive environment which increased efficiency. On the other hand, Transactional leaders focus on accomplishing their performance objectives, motivate employees through contractual agreement, stress extrinsic rewards and to avoid unnecessary risks (Burns, 1978 cited by McCleskey, 2014).
INTRODUCTION Leadership is the capacity to translate vision into reality. Leadership is a process by which a person can direct, guide and influence others in the accomplishment of a given goal. It also has the potential of the manager to influence the behaviour of other people and make the subordinates work with zeal and confidence. It can also be the human factor that binds the group together in achieving a specific goal. Leadership is an interpersonal process, the manager guiding the subordinates in achieving the goal.
First, intellectual stimulation is that when a leader pushes his employees to become more creative and find new approaches of performance during work. As an inspirational motivator, the leader’s behaviour provides significance to the followers. In an individualized consideration, the leader needs to concern of his employees’ needs. And last, the leader’s charisma and the respect of his employees affect by idealized influence. His charisma affects him to move towards his employees and persuades them to build up IKEA’s culture.