DOES LEADERSHIP MAKE A DIFFERENCE TO THE ORGANISATIONAL PERFORMANCE? “Leadership is a process by which an executive imaginatively directs guides and influences the work of others in choosing and attaining specified goals by mediating between the individuals and the organization in such a manner that both will obtain maximum satisfaction.” -Theo Haimann Leadership is an extensive subject of research for various organizations. It is sometimes closely related to management. However, management and leadership are very different from each other. Management works IN a system, leadership works ON the system.
Task 4.1: Plan the development of leadership skills for a specific requirement. Leadership expertises are those expertises which possess in leader to enable his influence to motivate and inspire the group to achieve the targets. Leadership skills are demonstrate honesty, enthusiasm, evaluate complex situation, result driven, problem solving and remove hindrance. Leadership skill encompasses attitudes and behaviour which belong to humanity. Leadership is mostly concern behaviour and management mostly concern processes.
In fact, Zaccaro, Wood and Herman (2006) argue, the leadership traits also determine the ability of the leader to acquire new attributes and skills that might expand the leader’s skill set and thus increase his or her effectiveness in a diverse array of settings. In this way, leadership traits can determine the effectiveness of training and development opportunities offered to the leader by the organization. At the same time, cognitive capacities and motive for self-actualization can make the leader more effective at learning from experience and thus adopting more effective leadership skills to employ in different types of
Brand leaders are involved in the management of their brand which involves planning, implementing and monitoring brand strategies that enhances the successful marketing of products or services (Priyadharsini, 2013). Management skills are a secondary function of brand leadership. A brand needs good leadership if it is to succeed, which is why the role of the brand leader is important. The brand leader spends time ensuring that strong relationships are built within the organization and that employees understand the brand purpose. Brand leaders are transformational in the sense that they motivate employees and define and communicate the future of the brand effectively.
Leadership ‘Leadership is the process of influencing the activities of an individual or a group in efforts toward goal achievement in a given situation’ Hersey and Blanchard (1988). For my research on leadership I will be focusing on; - Expectancy Theory - The Path-Goal Theory of Leadership - Locus of Control Framework Expectancy Theory: I will begin with expectancy theory as this displays the sequence of key factors which motivate individuals in the workplace. To be an effective leader I must be an effective motivator. To an extent this theory also forms the basis for the Path-Goal Theory of Leadership. Expectancy Theory was first proposed in ‘Work and Motivation’ Vroom (1964).
According to Boal and Hooikberg, (2000), the condition and timing in which a leader makes are as important as the strategic decision that the leaders makes. Strategic leaders need to demonstrate discretion in making strategic choices, which are influenced by the demands and constraints that the leader faces to ensure that they realize the success of their decisions. Discretion also requires that a leader plans effectively the time when to apply the strategic decision in the organization (Bibu & El-Moniem, 2011). According to the strategic leadership theory, it is necessary to examine the psychological make-up of the top managers with a focus on how this impacts the manner in which organizations process and determine the strategic decisions in their operations (Boal & Hooikberg,
Other leadership theories emerged out of this work, including the vertical dyad linkage theory, also known as the leader-member exchange theory (Graen, 1976).This theory explains the nature of the relationship between leaders and followers and how this relationship impacts the leadership process. For leaders to be effective, according to this view, issues related to the culture must be clearly identified. One conclusion that can be drawn is that leaders need to work within the culture to be most
Unlike traits, behavioural leadership is potentially influenced not only by the leaders’ nature but also by the situations those leaders are confronted with. (Vroom and Jago, 2007:3). The contingency school of leadership was concerned with the suitability of different leadership styles in different leadership situations by matching the personal characteristics of a leader to the leadership situation (Müller et al, 2009:438). The contingency model of leadership posits that the effectiveness of leadership is dependent upon the interaction of leadership style and situational favourableness that is the degree to which the situation provides the leader with the potential power and influence over the followers’ behaviours (Liu, Lepak, Takeuchi, Sims, 2004:128). The visionary/charismatic school of leadership focuses on two types of leadership: (1) Transformational leadership style (people-orientated), emphasizes follower rewards contingent on meeting specified performance targets.
Transformational leadership refers to the leader moving the follower beyond immediate self-interests through idealized influence (charisma), inspiration, intellectual stimulation, or individualized consideration. It elevates the follower’s level of maturity and ideals as well as concerns for achievement, self-actualization, and the well-being of others, the organization, and society suggested by (Bass, 1999) Situational theory suggests that no single leadership style is "best." Instead, it all depends on the situation and leaders need to be decide which type of leadership and strategies are best-suited to the task depends on different situation. According to this theory, the most effective leaders are those that are able to adapt their style to the situation and look at cues such as the type of task, the nature of the group, and other factors that
Leadership is one of the important elements of the directing function a company management. Leadership can be referred to the ability of a person to build up the confidence and enthusiasm among other people and to create a desire among other to be led. According to Keith Davis, “Leadership is the ability to persuade others to seek defined objectives enthusiastically. It is the human factor which binds a group together and motivates it towards goals.” (Management Study Guide, 2017). Therefore, in order become a successful leader, a manager must possess some of the characteristics as the success of one company fully depends on how a leader command that company.