First one was the ethical leadership is positively related to voice behavior. Second was the positive relationship between ethical leadership and voice behavior is mediated by employees’ perceptions of psychological safety. Third point was leader agreeableness is positively related to ethical leadership. Meanwhile, the fourth point was talking about leader conscientiousness is positively related to ethical leadership. Also the fifth point discussed hypothesized leader neuroticism is negatively related to ethical leadership.
Against the results from Cheteni and Shindika’s study, the aim of this study will be to expand on their initial study to investigate whether the ethical leadership style differs between public and private utilities in South Africa. Recent scandals in government, business, sport and even religious organisations have reaffiliated the importance of ethical leaders in our current day and age. Brown, Treviño and Harrison (2005) summarised ethical leaders as people who are considerate, truthful, principled individuals. They are balanced and fair decision makers who set clear ethical standards and communicate openly with their followers. Finally, they are proactive role models for ethical conduct as their deeds reflect their own ethical principles and
(2005), ethical leaders have honesty, integrity, and trustworthiness. Also, for Brown and Mitchell (2010); Trevino, Brown and Hartman (2003); and Weaver, Trevino, and Agle (2005), ethical leaders communicate high performance expectations, are role models to their employees, use rewards to hold people responsible for appropriate conduct, and treat people fairly and with respect. Thus, through their actions, ethical leaders try to influence their followers’ behavior. Based upon the social exchange theory (Blau 1964), when employees perceive their leader as ethical and fair, they return this by way of good performance. Also, based upon the social learning theory (Bandura 1977), ethical leaders influence employee behavior by being role models.
One of the main ethical concerns to be addressed when conducting research is that participants have to be clearly informed about “the purpose, aims, use of results, and likely consequences of the study” (Stringer, 2013 p. 89); in other words, it is vital to obtain the informed consent of participants. In AR, where more control is given to the participants than in other forms of research, consent is a form of agreement between the participants and the researcher (ibid, p. 90). The researcher needs to inform the participants explicitly about all the research activities and participants should be to continue to ask questions during and after the AR project has been completed. Participants should feel entirely free to decline participation in the project, and it is the researcher's duty to explain that their willingness or refusal to participate will not affect their academic achievement in any way. The same conditions should be in place for continuing involvement, where participants should be aware that they are free to withdraw from the study at any given time.
The purpose of this study is to identify the characteristics of the diversity statements of the “100 Best Companies to Work For” to understand how an accepting culture is created. This article contributes significantly to the topic of diversity by examining its ethical framework, which is broken down into three different views; deontological, utilitarian, and ethic of care. The study also examines how the importance of diversity is communicated in particular
Project managers approach to understand the importance of Organization Politics and tactics to use this for success of Projects is make him successful manager . Mostly we take politics as negative or distastefulness factor , but this is true that competent project managers use suitable political tactics to achieve thier project success. (Jeffrey K Pinto ,
Ethical egoism is a consequential moral philosophy which dictates that the individual take care of themselves first by putting their goals and interests first and foremost. The ethical egoist is not concerned with the overall good of others, or the results of their actions, they are only concerned with what is good for themselves. I think this applying this moral theory to the above-mentioned issues makes the most sense. The actions of the ethical egoist always benefit the individual first and may have a positive, negative, or neutral impact on others. For me, this is a logical way of thinking when dealing with life and death situations, like euthanasia or abortion.
Simply because ethics is necessary to successfully coach someone; additionally, coaching is about helping someone to do the best they can with the situation, challenge, or job at hand. Why should ethical considerations be a part of the coaching process? Ethical considerations should be a part of the coaching process because they keep everyone involved inside a safe zone (Masson n.d). Both the coach and coachee must be assured that they will not feel threatened or uncomfortable. Being ethical
Congruency: this virtue refers to the importance of promoting ethical behaviors and discrediting unethical behaviors Feasibility: this refers to the risk of unethical behavior occurring due to insufficiency of information, equipment, time or budget needed to fulfill the task Supportability: according to this virtue employees who feel that they are taken seriously will behave ethically. Firms need to keep their employees motivated in order to implement the ethical standards Transparency: this virtue refers to the level of transparency within the organization processes. In organizations having high transparency levels employees tend to adopt ethical values and correct any misbehavior Discussability: refers to the raising and discussion of unethical issues by the employees Sanctionability: firms can reward ethical behaviors and punish any unethical acts to build a more effective ethical culture within the
Each one has expressed the importance of Aristotle’s view of leadership and opposing the way man has been conditioned to accept knowledge through science and reasoning. Levine and Boaks state that “the broadly Aristotelian account… demonstrates that leadership can and should be conceived of as a master virtue that, correctly understood, serves human flourishing” (2013). Keeping in mind that Aristotle’s Responsibility and the Primary Virtues of Character (Sachs, 2002) and Lewis’ The Abolition of Man (1944), in order to be a leader one must be ethically just, or what you will come to find as moral development. This is the concern of goodness and goodwill for your companions and leading because it is a beautiful, chosen virtue (Ethics, III, 1117a, 10). This courageous leadership translates to Lewis’ preservation of Man, not because you are conditioning man, but because you will make sacrifices in order for man to survive.